Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Another inconvenient truth: the failure of enforcement systems to save charismatic species

  • Elizabeth L. Bennett (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

In spite of significant recent advances in understanding how to conserve species we are failing to conserve some of the most beloved and charismatic, with severe population losses, shrinking ranges and extinctions of subspecies. The primary reason is hunting for illegal trade of highly valuable body parts, increasingly operated by sophisticated organized criminal syndicates supplying wealthy East Asian markets. Current enforcement systems were not established to tackle such crime, and weak governance, low capacity and inadequate resources facilitate the trade. To save these species this trade must be treated as serious crime, with allocation of sufficient resources, highly trained personnel, and appropriate technologies to allow it to be tackled effectively. Success in tackling this trade will necessitate commitment from governments and non-governmental organizations and the support of civil society.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Wildlife Conservation Society, 2300 Southern Blvd. Bronx, New York 10460, USA. Email ebennett@wcs.org
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Anon (2007) Huge Seizure of Tiger Skins, Bear Paws and Saiga Horns in Russian Far East. Http://www.wildlifeextra.com/go/news/russia-tiger-skins.html&template=news_archive_item#cr [accessed 20 March 2010].

Anon (2009a) Tonnes of Elephant Tusks Smuggled into Vietnam. Agence France Press, 2 March.

E.L. Bennett (2009) Social dimensions of managing hunting in tropical forests. In Wildlife and Society: The Science of Human Dimensions (eds M.J. Manfredo , J.J. Vaske , P.J. Brown , D.D. Decker & E.A. Duke ), pp. 289300. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA.

CITES Secretariat (2010b) Monitoring of Illegal Trade in Ivory and Other Elephant Specimens. Report to the 15th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties, CoP 15 Doc 44.1 (Rev. 1). Http://www.cites.org/eng/cop/15/doc/E15-44-01.pdf [accessed 20 March 2010].

CITES Secretariat (2010c) Rhinoceroses. Report to the 15th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties, CoP 15 Doc 45.1 (Rev. 1). Http://www.cites.org/eng/cop/15/doc/E15-45-01.pdf [accessed 20 March 2010].

B. Davies (2005) Black Market: Inside the Endangered Species Trade in Asia. Earth Aware Editions, San Rafael, USA.

S. Guynup (2010) On the Ground: Pangolins in Peril. Defenders Magazine, Winter 2010. Washington, DC, USA. Http://www.defenders.org/newsroom/defenders_magazine/winter_2010/on_the_ground_pangolins_in_peril.php [accessed 3 December 2010].

C.M. Hill (2009) Working with communities to achieve conservation goals. In Wildlife and Society: The Science of Human Dimensions (eds M.J. Manfredo , J.J. Vaske , P.J. Brown , D.D. Decker & E.A. Duke ), pp. 117128. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA.


Interpol (2010) Powerful Alliance to Fight Wildlife Crime Comes into Effect. Http://www.interpol.int/Public/ICPO/PressReleases/PR2010/PR098.asp [accessed 3 December 2010].

A. Kramer (2010) At Russia-China Border, Bear Paws Sell Best. New York Times, 30 June 2010. Http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/30/world/asia/30animals.html [accessed 3 December 2010].

M.D. Madhusudan & K.U. Karanth (2000) Hunting for an answer: is local hunting compatible with large mammal conservation in India? In Hunting for Sustainability in Tropical Forests (eds J.G. Robinson & E.L. Bennett ), pp. 339355. Columbia University Press, New York, USA.

T. Milliken , R.W. Burn & L. Sangalakula (2009b) The Elephant Trade Information System (ETIS) and the illicit trade in ivory. Report to the 15th Meeting of the CITES Conference of the Parties, CoP 15, Doc. 44.1 Annex. Http://www.cites.org/common/cop/15/doc/E15-44-01A.pdf [accessed 20 March 2010].

E.J. Milner-Gulland , M.V. Kholodova , A. Bekenov , O.M. Bukreeva , A. Grachev , L. Amgalan & A.A. Lushchekina (2001) Dramatic declines in saiga antelope population. Oryx, 35, 340345.


J.G. Robinson & H. Queiroz (2011) Márcio Ayres: new approaches to the conservation and management of protected areas in Amazonia. In The Amazon Várzea: The Decade Past and the Decade Ahead (eds M. Pinedo-Vasquez , M.L. Ruffino , R.R. Sears , E.S. Brondizio & C. Padoch ), Springer Verlag and New York Botanical Garden Press, New York, USA.

E. Sanderson , J. Forrest , C. Loucks , J. Ginsberg & E. Dinerstein (2006) Setting Priorities for the Conservation and Recovery of Wild Tigers: 2005–2015: The Technical Assessment. Wildlife Conservation Society, WWF, Smithsonian, and National Fish & Wildlife Foundation—Save the Tiger Fund, New York, and Washington, DC, USA.

TRAFFIC (2010a) South African Delegates Visit Viet Nam to Address Illegal Rhino Horn Trade. Http://www.traffic.org/home/2010/10/20/south-african-delegates-visit-viet-nam-to-address-illegal-rh.html [accessed 3 December 2010].

J. Walston , J.G. Robinson , E.L. Bennett , U. Breitenmoser , G.A.B. da Fonseca , J. Goodrich . (2010). Bringing the tiger back from the brink – the six percent solution. PLoS Biology, 8(9), e1000485. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000485.

S.K. Wasser , W.J. Clark , O. Drori , E.S. Kisamo , C. Mailand , B. Mutyoba & M. Stephens (2008). Combating the illegal trade in African elephant ivory with DNA forensics. Conservation Biology, 22, 10651071.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Oryx
  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: