Abson, D.J. & Termansen, M. (2011) Valuing ecosystem services in terms of ecological risks and returns. Conservation Biology, 25, 250–258.
Agarwala, M., Atkinson, G., Palmer Fry, B., Homewood, K., Mourato, S., Rowcliffe, J.M. et al. (2014) Assessing the relationship between human well-being and ecosystem services: a review of frameworks. Conservation & Society, 12, 437–449.
Brockington, D. (2002) Fortress Conservation: The Preservation of the Mkomazi Game Reserve, Tanzania. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, USA.
Davis, A. (2011) ‘Ha! What is the benefit of living next to the park?’ Factors limiting in-migration next to Tarangire National Park, Tanzania. Conservation & Society, 9, 25–34.
Dyer, J., Stringer, L.C., Dougill, A.J., Leventon, J., Nshimbi, M., Chama, F. et al. (2014) Assessing participatory practices in community-based natural resource management: experiences in community engagement from southern Africa. Journal of Environmental Management, 137, 137–145.
Fisher, J. (2012) No pay, no care? A case study exploring motivations for participation in payments for ecosystem services in Uganda. Oryx, 46, 45–54.10.1017/S0030605311001384
Galvin, K.A., Reid, R.S., Behnke, R.H. Jr & Hobbs, N.T. (2006) Fragmentation in Semi-Arid and Arid Landscapes: Consequences for Human and Natural Systems. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Goldman, M. (2009) Constructing connectivity: conservation corridors and conservation politics in East African Rangelands. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 99, 335–359.
Goldman, M.J. (2011) Strangers in their own land: Maasai and wildlife conservation in Northern Tanzania. Conservation & Society, 9, 65–79.
Goldman, M.J. & Milliary, S. (2014) From critique to engagement: re-evaluating the participatory model with Maasai in Northern Tanzania. Journal of Political Ecology, 21, 408–423.
Goldman, M.J. & Riosmena, F. (2013) Adaptive capacity in Tanzanian Maasailand: changing strategies to cope with drought in fragmented landscapes. Global Environmental Change, 23, 588–597.
Gross-Camp, N.D., Martin, A., McGuire, S., Kebede, B. & Munyarukaza, J. (2012) Payments for ecosystem services in an African protected area: exploring issues of legitimacy, fairness, equity and effectiveness. Oryx, 46, 24–33.
Hayes, T., Murtinho, F., Camacho, L.M.C., Crespo, P., McHugh, S. & Salmerón, D. (2015) Can conservation contracts co-exist with change? Payment for ecosystem services in the context of adaptive decision-making and sustainability. Environmental Management, 55, 69–85.
Horowitz, L.S. (2010) ‘Twenty years is yesterday’: science, multinational mining, and the political ecology of trust in New Caledonia. Geoforum, 41, 617–626.
Hulme, D. & Murphree, M. (2001) African Wildlife and Livelihoods: The Promise and Performance of Community Conservation. James Currey, Melton, UK.
Igoe, J. (2000) Ethnicity, civil society, and the Tanzanian pastoralist NGO movement: the continuities and discontinuities of liberalized development. PhD thesis. Boston University, Boston, USA.
Igoe, J. (2004) Conservation and Globalization: A Study of National Parks and Indigenous Communities from East Africa to South Dakota. Wadsworth Cengage Learning, Belmont, USA.
Ingram, J.C., Wilkie, D., Clements, T., McNab, R.B., Nelson, F., Baur, E.H. et al. (2014) Evidence of Payments for Ecosystem Services as a mechanism for supporting biodiversity conservation and rural livelihoods. Ecosystem Services, 7, 10–21.
Kahurananga, J. & Silkiluwasha, F. (1997) The migration of zebra and wildebeest between Tarangire National Park and Simanjiro Plains, northern Tanzania, in 1972 and recent trends. African Journal of Ecology, 35, 179–185.
Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS), The Wildlife Foundation (TWF) & Kitengela-Ilparakuo Land Owners Association (KILA) (2006) Proposed pastoralism and wildlife conservation zone for Isinya-Kitengela Master Plan 2006–2026 (Draft).
Kosoy, N. & Corbera, E. (2010) Payments for ecosystem services as commodity fetishism. Ecological Economics, 69, 1228–1236.
Lawlor, K., Madeira, E.M., Blockhus, J. & Ganz, D.J. (2013) Community participation and benefits in REDD+: a review of initial outcomes and lessons. Forests, 4, 296–318.
Matiko, D. (2014) Wildlife conservation leases are considerable conservation options outside protected areas: The Kitengela–Nairobi National Park Wildlife Conservation Lease Program. Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography, 4, http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2157-7625.1000146. Milcu, A.I., Hanspach, J., Abson, D. & Fischer, J. (2013) Cultural ecosystem services: a literature review and prospects for future research. Ecology and Society, 18, 44, http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-05790-180344.
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005) Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Synthesis Report. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Msoffe, F.U., Kifugo, S.C., Said, M.Y., Neselle, M.O., Van Gardingen, P., Reid, R.S. et al. (2011) Drivers and impacts of land-use change in the Maasai Steppe of northern Tanzania: an ecological, social and political analysis. Journal of Land Use Science, 6, 261–281.
Muradian, R., Arsel, M., Pellegrini, L., Adaman, F., Aguilar, B., Agarwal, B. et al. (2013) Payments for ecosystem services and the fatal attraction of win–win solutions. Conservation Letters, 6, 274–279.
Naidoo, R., Weaver, L.C., De Longcamp, M. & Du Plessis, P. (2011) Namibia's community-based natural resource management programme: an unrecognized payments for ecosystem services scheme. Environmental Conservation, 38, 445–453.
Naughton-Treves, L. & Wendland, K. (2014) Land tenure and tropical forest carbon management. World Development, 55, 1–6.
Nelson, F., Foley, C., Foley, L.S., Leposo, A., Loure, E., Peterson, D. et al. (2010) Payments for ecosystem services as a framework for community-based conservation in Northern Tanzania. Conservation Biology, 24, 78–85.
Nkedianye, D., Radeny, M., Kristjanson, P. & Herrero, M. (2009) Assessing returns to land and changing livelihood strategies in Kitengela. In Staying Maasai? Livelihoods, Conservation and Development in East African Rangelands (eds Homewood, K., Kristjanson, P. & Chenevix Trench, P.), pp. 115–149. Springer Science + Business Media, New York, USA.
Oldekop, J.A., Holmes, G., Harris, W.E. & Evans, K.L. (2016) A global assessment of the social and conservation outcomes of protected areas. Conservation Biology, 30, 133–141.
Pascual, U., Phelps, J., Garmendia, E., Brown, K., Corbera, E., Martin, A. et al. (2014) Social equity matters in payments for ecosystem services. BioScience, 64, 1027–1036.
Reid, R.S., Gichohi, H., Said, M.Y., Nkedianye, D., Ogutu, J.O., Kshatriya, M. et al. (2008) Fragmentation of a peri-urban savanna, Athi-Kaputiei Plains, Kenya. In Fragmentation in Semi-Arid and Arid Landscapes (eds Galvin, K.A., Reid, R.S., Behnke, R.H. Jr & Thompson Hobbs, N.), pp. 195–224. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Reid, R.S., Nkedianye, D., Said, M.Y., Kaelo, D., Neselle, M., Makui, O. et al. (2016) Evolution of models to support community and policy action with science: balancing pastoral livelihoods and wildlife conservation in savannas of East Africa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113, 4579–4584.
Sachedina, H. & Nelson, F. (2010) Protected areas and community incentives in savannah ecosystems: a case study of Tanzania's Maasai Steppe. Oryx, 44, 390–398.
Sachedina, H.T. (2008) Wildlife is our oil: conservation, livelihoods and NGOs in the Tarangire Ecosystem, Tanzania. PhD thesis. University of Oxford, UK.
Salerno, J., Mulder, M.B., Grote, M.N., Ghiselli, M. & Packer, C. (2016) Household livelihoods and conflict with wildlife in community-based conservation areas across northern Tanzania. Oryx, 50, 702–712.
Schröter, M., van der Zanden, E.H., van Oudenhoven, A.P.E., Remme, R.P., Serna-Chavez, H.M., de Groot, R.S. & Opdam, P. (2014) Ecosystem services as a contested concept: a synthesis of critique and counter-arguments. Conservation Letters, 7, 514–523.
Shapiro-Garza, E. (2013) Contesting the market-based nature of Mexico's national payments for ecosystem services programs: four sites of articulation and hybridization. Geoforum, 46, 5–15.
Sommerville, M., Jones, J.P.G., Rahajaharison, M. & Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2010) The role of fairness and benefit distribution in community-based Payment for Environmental Services interventions: a case study from Menabe, Madagascar. Ecological Economics, 69, 1262–1271.
TLCT (Tanzanian Land Conservation Trust) (2002) The Manyara Ranch: A Reality Check. African Wildlife Foundation, Arusha, Tanzania.
Turnhout, E., Waterton, C., Neves, K. & Buizer, M. (2013) Rethinking biodiversity: from goods and services to “living with”. Conservation Letters, 6, 154–161.
Van Hecken, G., Bastiaensen, J. & Windey, C. (2015) Towards a power-sensitive and socially informed analysis of payments for ecosystem services (PES): addressing the gaps in the current debate. Ecological Economics, 120, 117–125.
Waylen, K.A., Fischer, A., McGowan, P.J.K., Thirgood, S.J. & Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2010) Effect of local cultural context on the success of community-based conservation interventions. Conservation Biology, 24, 1119–1129.
Wegner, G.I. (2016) Payments for ecosystem services (PES): a flexible, participatory, and integrated approach for improved conservation and equity outcomes. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 18, 617–644.
Wunder, S. (2013) When payments for environmental services will work for conservation. Conservation Letters, 6, 230–237.