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Bushmeat consumption in the West African Sahel of Burkina Faso, and the decline of some consumed species

  • Emmanuel M. Hema (a1), Valy Ouattara (a2), Gnoumou Parfait (a1), Massimiliano Di Vittorio (a3), Djidama Sirima (a1), Daniele Dendi (a4), Wendengoudi Guenda (a1), Fabio Petrozzi (a3) and Luca Luiselli (a4)...

Abstract

To explore the patterns of bushmeat trade in the Sahel we carried out a multidisciplinary study, focusing on Burkina Faso. We conducted baseline interview surveys to examine the variation in people's perceptions of bushmeat in relation to their place of residence (urban vs rural), sex and age. We also analysed the long-term (1985–2010) population dynamics of two ungulate species, the oribi Ourebia ourebi and the common duiker Sylvicapra grimmia, known to be among the main targets of the bushmeat trade locally. For the antelopes we chose as our study area a protected area (Nazinga Game Ranch) where poaching activities occur and are likely to represent a threat to the local wildlife. The results of the interviews underlined significant differences in bushmeat consumption between rural and urban areas. In particular, the probability of finding people who did not consume bushmeat increased in the urban area, where bushmeat is less available than in the rural areas. Sex and age did not have any effect on people's perceptions of bushmeat. In Burkina Faso bushmeat is still widely consumed, and this could be because the bushmeat trade is poorly controlled, with a lack of enforcement of the legislation. Long-term field surveys revealed that the oribi and the common duiker have declined significantly in Nazinga Game Ranch, suggesting that the bushmeat trade in Burkina Faso may have negative consequences in terms of the conservation outlook for these species.

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Corresponding author

(Corresponding author) E-mail l.luiselli@ideccngo.org

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*

Also at: Groupe des Expert en Gestion des Eléphants et de la Biodiversité de l'Afrique de l'Ouest and Institute for Development, Ecology, Conservation and Cooperation, Rome, Italy

Also at: Niger Delta Ecology and Biodiversity Conservation Unit, Department of Applied and Environmental Biology, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Footnotes

References

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Keywords

Bushmeat consumption in the West African Sahel of Burkina Faso, and the decline of some consumed species

  • Emmanuel M. Hema (a1), Valy Ouattara (a2), Gnoumou Parfait (a1), Massimiliano Di Vittorio (a3), Djidama Sirima (a1), Daniele Dendi (a4), Wendengoudi Guenda (a1), Fabio Petrozzi (a3) and Luca Luiselli (a4)...

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