Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Conservation planning: a macroecological approach using the endemic terrestrial vertebrates of the Brazilian Cerrado


Increasing rates of habitat loss and human occupation are creating demands for optimum strategies that maximize conservation efforts, despite the lack of detailed data required for implementation. Broad scale biogeographical data may furnish initial guidelines for conservation planning in a hierarchical framework for establishing conservation priorities and helping guide future research programmes. This approach may be critical in regions for which few detailed data on diversity, abundance and distribution are available, such as in the Cerrado biome of central Brazil. We used a macroecological approach, based on the extent of occurrence of 127 species of terrestrial vertebrates endemic to the Cerrado, to design a regional network of potential areas that represent all species at least once. The final network has a total of 24 regions widely distributed throughout the biome. We also evaluated these regions in terms of their human occupation by adding a cost for each cell based on 23 variables expressing variation in agricultural, demographic and cattle-ranching patterns on the Cerrado. Our analyses showed that conservation efforts should be concentrated in the south and south-east of the biome. This macroecological approach can provide broad guidelines for conservation and define the focus for more local and realistic conservation efforts.

Corresponding author
#Departamento de Biologia Geral, ICB, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Cx. P. 131, CEP 74001-970, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil. E-mail
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

M.B Araújo . (2003) The coincidence of people and biodiversity in Europe. Global Ecology & Biogeography, 12, 512.

M.B. Araújo & A Guisan . (2006) Five (or so) challenges for species distribution modelling. Journal of Biogeography, 33, 16771688.

A. Balmford , J.L. Moore , T. Brooks , N. Burgess , L.A. Hansen , P. Williams (2001) Conservation conflicts across Africa. Science, 291, 26162619.

D Brito . (2005) The importance of sound biological information and theory for ecological economics studies valuing Brazilian biodiversity: a response to Mendonça et al. (2003). Ecological Economics, 55, 510.

T.M. Brooks , R.A. Mittermeier , C.G. Mittermeier , G.A.B. Fonseca , A.B. Rylands , W.R. Konstant (2002) Habitat loss and extinction in the hotspots of biodiversity. Conservation Biology, 16, 909923.

M. Cabeza & A Moilanen . (2001) Design of reserve networks and the persistence of biodiversity. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 16, 242248.

S.L. Chown , B.J. van Rensburg , K.J. Gaston , A.S.L. Rodrigues & A.S van Jaarsveld . (2003) Energy, species richness, and human population size: conservation implications at a national scale. Ecological Applications, 13, 12331241.

R.L. Church , D.M. Stoms & F.W Davis . (1996) Reserve selection as a maximal covering location problem. Biological Conservation, 76, 105112.

R.K. Colwell , C. Rahbek & N.J Gotelli . (2004) The mid-domain effect and species richness patterns: what have we learned so far? American Naturalist, 163, E1E23.

J.A.F. Diniz-Filho , R.P. Bastos , T.F.L.V.B. Rangel , L.M. Bini , P. Carvalho & R.J Silva . (2005) Macroecological correlates and spatial patterns of anuran description dates in the Brazilian Cerrado. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 14, 469477.

J.A.F. Diniz-Filho , L.M. Bini , M.P. Pinto , T.F.L.V.B Rangel , P. Carvalho & R.P Bastos . (2006) Anuran species richness, complementarity and conservation conflicts in Brazilian Cerrado. Acta Oecologica, 29, 915.

J.A.F. Diniz-Filho , L.M. Bini , C.M. Vieira , M.C. Souza , R.P. Bastos , D. Brandão (2004) Spatial patterns in species richness and priority areas for conservation of anurans in the Cerrado region, Central Brazil. Amphibia-Reptilia, 25, 6375.

J. Elith , C.H. Graham , R.P. Anderson , M. Dudik , S. Ferrier , A. Guisan (2006) Novel methods improve prediction of species' distributions from occurrence data. Ecography, 29, 129151.

S. Ferrier , R.L. Pressey & T.W Barrett . (2000) A new predictor of the irreplaceability of areas for achieving a conservation goal, its application to real-world planning, and a research agenda for further refinement. Biological Conservation, 93, 303325.

L.J. Gorenflo & K Brandon . (2006) Key human dimensions of gaps in global biodiversity conservation. BioScience, 56, 723731.

B.A. Hawkins & J.A.F Diniz-Filho . (2002) The mid-domain effect cannot explain the diversity gradient of Nearctic birds. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 11, 419426.

C.A. Klink & R.B Machado . (2005) Conservation of the Brazilian Cerrado. Conservation Biology, 19, 707713.

C.R. Margules & R.L Pressey . (2000) Systematic conservation planning. Nature, 405, 243253.

E. Meir , S. Andelman & H.P Possingham . (2004) Does conservation planning matter in a dynamic and uncertain world? Ecology Letters, 7, 615622.

N. Myers , R.A. Mittermeier , C.G. Mittermeier , G.A.B. Fonseca & J Kent . (2000) Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature, 403, 853858.

N. O'Dea , M.B. Araújo & R.J Whittaker . (2006) How well do important bird areas represent species and minimize conservation conflict in the tropical Andes? Diversity and Distributions, 12, 205214.

P.R. Peres-Neto , D.A. Jackson & K.M Somers . (2005) How many principal components? Stopping rules for determining the number of non-trivial axes revisited. Computational Statistics and Data Analysis, 49, 974997.

S. Polasky , J.D. Camm , A.R. Solow , B. Csuti , D. White & R Ding . (2000) Choosing reserve networks with incomplete species information. Biological Conservation, 94, 110.

S. Polasky , B. Csuti , C.A. Vossler & S.M Meyer . (2001) A comparison of taxonomic distinctness versus richness as criteria for setting conservation priorities for North American birds. Biological Conservation, 97, 99105.

R.L. Pressey , H.P. Possingham & J.R Day . (1997) Effectiveness of alternative heuristic algorithms for identifying indicative minimum requirements for conservation reserves. Biological Conservation, 80, 207219.

T.F.L.V.B. Rangel & J.A.F Diniz-Filho . (2005) An evolutionary tolerance model explaining spatial patterns in species richness under environmental gradients and geometric constraints. Ecography, 28, 253263.

T.F.L.V.B. Rangel , L.M. Bini , J.A.F. Diniz-Filho , M.P. Pinto , P. Carvalho & R.P Bastos . (2007) Human development and biodiversity conservation in Brazilian Cerrado. Applied Geography, 27, 1427.

A.S.L. Rodrigues & K.J Gaston . (2002) Rarity and conservation planning across geopolitical units. Conservation Biology, 16, 674682.

A.S.L. Rodrigues , S.J. Andelman , M.I. Bakarr , L. Boitani , T.M. Brooks , R.M. Cowling . (2004) Effectiveness of the global protected area network in representing species diversity. Nature, 428, 640643.

C. Rondinini , K.A. Wilson , L. Boitani , H. Grantham & H.P Possingham . (2006) Trade-offs of different types of species occurrence data for use in systematic conservation planning. Ecology Letters, 9, 11361145.

J.F. Silva , M.R. Farinas , J.M. Felfili & C.A Klink . (2006) Spatial heterogeneity, land use and conservation in the Cerrado region of Brazil. Journal of Biogeography, 33, 524535.

J.M.C Silva . (1997) Endemic bird species and conservation in the Cerrado region, South America. Biodiversity and Conservation, 6, 435450.

J.M.C. Silva & J.M Bates . (2002) Biogeographic patterns and conservation in the South American Cerrado: a tropical savanna hotspot. BioScience, 52, 225233.

F.P. Werneck & G.R Colli . (2006) The lizard assemblage from seasonally dry tropical forest enclaves in the Cerrado biome, Brazil, and its association with the Pleistocene arc. Journal of Biogeography, 33, 19831992.

F.A. Zapata , K.J. Gaston & S.L Chown . (2003) Mid-domain models of species richness gradients: assumptions, methods and evidence. Journal of Animal Ecology, 72, 677690.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Type Description Title
Supplementary Materials

Diniz-Filho supplementary material

 PDF (75 KB)
75 KB


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 21 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 123 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 25th June 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.