Skip to main content
×
Home

The conservation status of West Indian palms (Arecaceae)

  • Scott Zona, Raúl Verdecia (a1), Angela Leiva Sánchez (a2), Carl E. Lewis (a3) and Mike Maunder (a3)...
Abstract
Abstract

The conservation status of 134 species, subspecies and varieties of West Indian palms (Arecaceae) is assessed and reviewed, based on field studies and current literature. We find that 90% of the palm taxa of the West Indies are endemic. Using the IUCN Red List categories one species is categorized as Extinct, 11 taxa as Critically Endangered, 19 as Endangered, and 21 as Vulnerable. Fifty-seven taxa are classified as Least Concern. Twenty-five taxa are Data Deficient, an indication that additional field studies are urgently needed. The 11 Critically Endangered taxa warrant immediate conservation action; some are currently the subject of ex situ and in situ conservation projects in the region’s botanical gardens. We recommend that preliminary conservation assessments be made of the 25 Data Deficient taxa so that conservation measures can be implemented for those facing imminent threats.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*IUCN/SSC Palm Specialist Group, Center for Tropical Plant Conservation, Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, 11935 Old Cutler Road, Coral Gables, Miami, Florida 33156, USA. E-mail szona@fairchildgarden.org
Footnotes
Hide All

This paper contains supplementary material that can only be found online at http://journals.cambridge.org

Footnotes
References
Hide All
Agapow P.-M., Bininda-Emonds O.R.P., Crandall K.A., Gittleman J.L., Mace G.M., Marshall J.C. & Purvis A. (2004) The impact of species concept on biodiversity studies. Quarterly Review of Biology, 79, 161179.
Allendorf F.W., Leary R.F., Spruell P. & Wenburg J.K. (2001) The problems with hybrids: setting conservation guidelines. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 16, 613622.
Bernal R. & Galeano G. (2006) Endangerment of Colombian palms (Arecaceae): change over 18 years. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 151, 151163.
Berzaín Iturralde R., Areces Berzaín F., Lazcano Lara J.C. & González Torres L.R. (2005) Lista Roja de la Flora Vascular Cubana. Jardín Botánico Atlático, Gijón, Spain.
Biodiversity Hotspots (2004) Caribbean Islands. Http://www.biodiversityhotspots.org/xp/hotspots/caribbean/ [accessed 12 November 2004].
Dahlgren B.E. & Glassman S.F. (1963) A revision of the genus Copernicia. 2. West Indian species. Gentes Herbarum, 9, 41232.
Dransfield J., Johnson D. & Synge H. (1988) The Palms of the New World: A Conservation Census. IUCN-WWF Plants Conservation Programme, Publication no. 2, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
Dransfield J., Uhl N.W., Asmussen C.B., Baker W.J., Harley M.M. & Lewis C.E. (2005) A new phylogenetic classification of the palm family, Arecaceae. Kew Bulletin, 60, 559569.
Galeano G. & Bernal R. (2005) Palmas. In Libro Rojo de Plantas de Colombia, Vol. 2. Palmas, Frailejones y Zamias (eds Calderón E., Galeano G. & García N.), pp. 59224. Instituto Alexander von Humboldt, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales de la Univirsidad Nacional de Colombia, Ministerio de Ambiente, Vivienda y Desarrollo Territorial, Bogotá, Colombia.
Govaerts R. & Dransfield J. (2005) World Checklist of Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK.
Gunn B. (2004) The phylogeny of the Cocoeae (Arecaceae) with emphasis on Cocos nucifera. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 91, 505522.
Henderson A., Aubry M., Timyan J. & Balick M. (1990) Conservation status of Haitian palms. Principes, 34, 134142.
Herbert P.D.N., Penton E.H., Burns J.M., Janzen D.H. & Hallwachs W. (2004) Ten species in one: DNA barcoding reveals cryptic species in the neotropical skipper butterfly Astraptes fulgerator. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA), 101, 1481214817.
Horst O.H. (1997) The utility of palms in the cultural landscape of the Dominican Republic. Principes, 41, 1528.
IUCN (1994) 1994 Categories and Criteria (version 2.3). IUCN, Gland, Switzerland [http://www.redlist.org/info/categories_criteria1994.html, accessed 22 May 2007].
IUCN (2001) 2001 Categories and Criteria (version 3.1). IUCN, Gland, Switzerland [http://www.redlist.org/info/categories_criteria2001.html, accessed 3 March 2005].
IUCN (2006) 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland [http://www.redlist.org, accessed 22 May 2007].
Johnson D. (ed.) & the IUCN/SSC Palm Specialist Group (1996) Palms: Their Conservation and Sustained Utilization. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Maschinski J. & Duquesnel J. (2007) Successful reintroductions of the endangered long-lived Sargent’s cherry palm, Pseudophoenix sargentii, in the Florida Keys. Biological Conservation, 134, 122129.
Maunder M., Hughes C., Hawkins J.A. & Culham A. (2004) Hybridization in ex situ collections. In Ex Situ Plant Conservation (eds Guerrant E.O., Havens K. & Maunder M.), pp. 325364. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Maunder M., Lyte B., Dransfield D. & Baker W. (2001) The conservation value of botanic garden palm collections. Biological Conservation, 98, 259271.
Moya L., C.E. & Leiva S., A.T. (2000) Checklist of the palms of Cuba, with notes on their ecology, distribution and conservation. PALMS, 44, 6984.
Moya L., C.E. & Mayotte P.T. (1996) ‘Paradiso Principium’ – A palm paradise in Cuba. Principes, 40, 152155.
Nixon K.C. & Wheller Q.D. (1990) An amplification of the phylogenetic species concept. Cladistics, 6, 211223.
Read R.W. (1968) A study of Pseudophoenix (Palmae). Gentes Herbarum, 10, 169213.
Read R.W. (1988) Utilization of indigenous palms in the Caribbean (in relation to their abundance). Advances in Economic Botany, 6, 137143.
Smith M.L., Hedges S.B., Buck W., Hemphill A., Inchaustegui S., Ivie M.A., Martina D., Maunder M. & Francisco-Ortega J. (2004) Caribbean islands. In Hotspots Revisited (eds Mittermeier R.A., Robles Gil P., Hoffman M., Pilgrim J., Brooks T., Goettsch Mittermeier C., Lamoreux J. & da Fonseca G.A.B.), pp. 112118. CEMEX, Mexico City, Mexico.
Terborgh J. (1986) Keystone plant resources in the tropical forest. In Conservation Biology (ed. Soulé M.E.), pp. 330344. Sinauer, Sunderland, USA.
Timyan J.C. & Reep S.F. (1994) Conservation status of Attalea crassispatha (Mart.) Burret, the rare and endemic oil palm of Haiti. Biological Conservation, 68, 1118.
Zona S. (1991) Notes on Roystonea in Cuba. Principes, 35, 225233.
Zona S. (1995) A revision of Calyptronoma (Arecaceae). Principes, 39, 140151.
Zona S. (2002) A revision of Pseudophoenix. PALMS, 46, 1938.
Zona S., James A. & Maidman K. (2003) The native palms of Dominica. PALMS, 47, 151157.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Oryx
  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary Material

ORYX: Zona et al. Supplementary table
Zona et al. Supplementary table

 PDF (59 KB)
59 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 7 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 212 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.