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Correct framing of biodiversity offsets and conservation: a response to Apostolopoulou & Adams

  • Amrei von Hase (a1) and Kerry ten Kate (a1)
Abstract

We read with great interest the opinions of Apostolopoulou & Adams (2015) on biodiversity offsetting. We agree with the authors that offsetting has more profound implications than a technical approach to the subject would suggest. Our experience with developments on the mitigation of impacts on biodiversity in government policy, financial lenders’ safeguards and corporate practice is that the political, economic, social and financial implications weigh just as heavily in decision-makers’ minds as the technical ones that Apostolopoulou & Adams raise (IFC, 2012; BBOP, 2012b; ten Kate & Crowe, 2014; IUCN, 2016; Maron et al., 2016b). The governments, companies and communities working with scientists on the mitigation hierarchy regard biodiversity offsets as one of many tools available not only for conservation but also for risk management, social and economic engagement and benefit-sharing, land-use and landscape-level planning, and sustainable development (IFC, 2012; CSBI, 2015).

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Corresponding author
(Corresponding author) E-mail avonhase@forest-trends.org
Linked references
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

S. Brownlie & M. Botha (2009) Biodiversity offsets: adding to the conservation estate, or “no net loss”? Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 27, 227231.

J.W. Bull , A. Gordon , E.A. Law , K.B. Suttle & E.J. Milner-Gulland (2014) Importance of baseline specification in evaluating conservation interventions and achieving no net loss of biodiversity. Conservation Biology, 28, 799809.

A. Gordon , J.W. Bull , C. Wilcox & M. Maron (2015) FORUM: perverse incentives risk undermining biodiversity offset policies. Journal of Applied Ecology, 52, 532537.

M. Maron , R. Hobbs , A. Moilanen , J.W. Matthews , K. Christie , T.A. Gardner (2012) Are restoration offsets Faustian bargains? Restoration realities in the context of biodiversity offset policies. Biological Conservation, 155, 141148.

M. Maron , A. Gordon , B.G. Mackey , H.P. Possingham & J.E.M. Watson (2016a) Interactions between biodiversity offsets and protected area commitments: avoiding perverse outcomes. Conservation Letters, in press, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/conl.12222.

M. Maron , C.D. Ives , H. Kujala , J.W. Bull , F.J.F. Maseyk , S. Bekessy (2016b) Taming a wicked problem: resolving controversies in biodiversity offsetting. BioScience, in press, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biw038.

E. McDonald-Madden , A. Gordon , B.A. Wintle , S. Walker , H. Grantham , S. Carvalho (2009) “True” conservation progress. Science, 323, 4344.

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Oryx
  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
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