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Good news from north-central Africa: largest population of Vulnerable common hippopotamus Hippopotamus amphibius is stable

  • Paul Scholte (a1), Francis Nguimkeng (a2) and Emmanuel Iyah (a2)
Abstract
Abstract

North-central Africa (i.e. Cameroon, the Central African Republic and Chad) once held important populations of large mammals, including the hippopotamus Hippopotamus amphibius. Exports of hippopotamus trophies from Cameroon were suspended in 2012 but the species’ status and population trends remain poorly known. Using the same methodology as in 2000 and 2008, we counted hippopotamuses in Faro National Park and bordering hunting zones in 2014. We counted 685 individuals along 97 km of river, compared with 647 and 525 in 2000 and 2008, respectively. The stability of this population contrasts with the declines in populations of large mammals across north-central Africa. We attribute this conservation success to private efforts (i.e. safari hunting) compensating for a decline in state protection. However, the situation remains fragile, as highlighted by an influx of transhumant cattle and gold diggers. We recommend increasing public–private conservation efforts, including incentives for the safari hunting industry, which is also under pressure.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
(Corresponding author) E-mail pault.scholte@gmail.com
Linked references
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

D. Brugière & P. Scholte (2013) Biodiversity gap analysis of the protected area system in poorly-documented Chad. Journal for Nature Conservation, 21, 286293.

A.G. Bruner , R.E. Gullison , R.E. Rice & G.A.B. da Fonseca (2001) Effectiveness of parks in protecting tropical biodiversity. Science, 291, 125128.

P.A. Lindsey , G.A. Balme , V.R. Booth & N. Midlane (2012) The significance of African lions for the financial viability of trophy hunting and the maintenance of wild land. PLoS ONE, 7(1), e29332.

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Oryx
  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
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