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Half-Earth or Whole Earth? Radical ideas for conservation, and their implications

  • Bram Büscher (a1), Robert Fletcher (a1), Dan Brockington (a2), Chris Sandbrook (a3), William M. Adams (a3), Lisa Campbell (a4), Catherine Corson (a5), Wolfram Dressler (a6), Rosaleen Duffy (a7), Noella Gray (a8), George Holmes (a9), Alice Kelly (a10), Elizabeth Lunstrum (a11), Maano Ramutsindela (a12) and Kartik Shanker (a13)...

We question whether the increasingly popular, radical idea of turning half the Earth into a network of protected areas is either feasible or just. We argue that this Half-Earth plan would have widespread negative consequences for human populations and would not meet its conservation objectives. It offers no agenda for managing biodiversity within a human half of Earth. We call instead for alternative radical action that is both more effective and more equitable, focused directly on the main drivers of biodiversity loss by shifting the global economy from its current foundation in growth while simultaneously redressing inequality.

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Also at: Department of Geography, Environmental Management & Energy Studies, University of Johannesburg, South Africa

Also at: Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology, Stellenbosch University, South Africa

Also at: United Nations Environment Programme, World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge, UK

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

R. Fletcher (2012) Using the master's tools? Neoliberal conservation and the evasion of inequality. Development and Change, 43, 295317.

C.C. Hicks , A. Levine , A. Agrawal , X. Basurto , S.J. Breslow , C. Carothers (2016) Engage key social concepts for sustainability. Science, 352, 3840.

A. Martin , A. Akol & N. Gross-Camp (2015) Towards an explicit justice framing of the social impacts of conservation. Conservation and Society, 13, 166178.

R.F. Noss , A.P. Dobson , R. Baldwin , P. Beier , C.R. Davis , D.A. Dellasala (2012) Bolder thinking for conservation. Conservation Biology, 26, 14.

J.A. Oldekop , G. Holmes , W.E. Harris & K.L. Evans (2016) A global assessment of the social and conservation outcomes of protected areas. Conservation Biology, 30, 133141.

M.P. Wells & T.O. McShane (2004) Integrating protected area management with local needs and aspirations. Ambio, 33, 513519.

G. Wuerthner , E. Crist & T. Butler (eds) (2015) Protecting the Wild: Parks and Wilderness, The Foundation for Conservation. Island Press, London, UK.

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  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
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