Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

How free access internet resources benefit biodiversity and conservation research: Trinidad and Tobago's endemic plants and their conservation status

  • Veerle Van den Eynden (a1), Michael P. Oatham (a1) and Winston Johnson (a2)
Abstract
Abstract

Botanists have been urged to help assess the conservation status of all known plant species. For resource-poor and biodiversity-rich countries such assessments are scarce because of a lack of, and access to, information. However, the wide range of biodiversity and geographical resources that are now freely available on the internet, together with local herbarium data, can provide sufficient information to assess the conservation status of plants. Such resources were used to review the vascular plant species endemic to Trinidad and Tobago and to assess their conservation status. Fifty-nine species were found to be endemic, much lower than previously stated. Using the IUCN Red List criteria 18 endemic species were assessed as Critically Endangered, 16 as Endangered, 15 as Vulnerable, three as Near Threatened, and three as Data Deficient (i.e. insufficient data are available to assess their conservation status). Although such rapid assessments cannot replace in depth research, they provide essential baseline information to target research and conservation priorities and identify specific conservation actions.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Department of Life Sciences, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad, Trinidad and Tobago. E-mail veerle.eynden@sta.uwi.edu
References
Hide All
Adams C.D. & Baksh Y.S. (1981) What is an endangered plant? Living World, 1981-1982, 914.
Agard J.B.R. & Gowrie M. (2003) Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI): Provisional Indices and Profiles for Trinidad and Tobago. State of the Environment Report 2001 & 2002. Environmental Management Authority, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago.
Arzberger P., Schroeder P., Beaulieu A., Bowker G., Casey K., Laaksonen L. et al. . (2004) Promoting access to public research data for scientific, economic, and social development. Data Science Journal, 3, 135152.
Bletter N., Janovec J., Brosi B. & Daly D.C. (2004) A Digital Base Map for Studying the Neotropical Flora. The New York Botanical Garden, New York, USA. Http://www.nybg.org/bsci/acre/www1/AmericasBaseMap.html [accessed 14 November 2006].
Boggan J.K., Funk V.A., Kelloff C.L. & Hoff M. (1997) Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA. Http://www.mnh.si.edu/biodiversity/bdg/checklst.html [accessed 16 November 2006].
Callmander M., Schatz G. & Lowry P. (2005) IUCN Red List assessment and the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation: taxonomists must act now. Taxon, 54, 10471050.
Convention on Biological Diversity (1993) Http://www.cbd.int/ [accessed 20 February 2008].
Edwards J.L. (2004) Research and societal benefits of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility. BioScience, 54, 486487.
Environmental Management Authority (2001) Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan for Trinidad and Tobago. Environmental Management Authority, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago.
European Commission Joint Research Centre (2002) GLC 2000: Global Land Cover Mapping for the Year 2000. European Commission Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra, Italy. Http://www-gvm.jrc.it/glc2000/ [accessed 20 February 2008].
Gaikwad J. & Chavan V. (2006) Open access and biodiversity conservation: challenges and potentials for the developing world. Data Science Journal, 5, 117.
Google (2006) Http://www.google.com [accessed 1 May 2006].
International Legume Database and Information Service (2005) Http://www.ildis.org/LegumeWeb [accessed 16 November 2006].
IUCN (2001) 2001 Categories and Criteria (version 3.1). IUCN, Gland, Switzerland [http://www.redlist.org/info/categories_criteria2001.html, accessed 16 November 2006].
IUCN (2007) 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. Http://www.iucnredlist.org/ [accessed 20 February 2008].
Kenny J., Comeau P. & Katwaru L.A. (1997) Trinidad & Tobago Biological Diversity Survey. Extensive Extracts from a Survey of Biological Diversity, Trinidad and Tobago. Environmental Management Authority, Port of Spain, Trinidad & Tobago.
Krupnick G. & Kress J. (2006) Achieving Target 2 of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. Plant Talk, 43, 4647.
León B., Roque J., Ulloa Ulloa C., Pitman N., Jørgensen P.M. & Cano A. (eds) (2006) El libro rojo de las plantas endémicas del Perú. Revista peruana de biología, 13, 1965.
MacArthur R.H. (1972) Geographical Ecology. Harper & Row, New York, USA.
MALMR (1995) Trinidad and Tobago: Country Report to the FAO International Technical Conference on Plant Genetic Resources. Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago.
Missouri Botanical Garden (2006) W3Tropicos VAST Nomenclature Database. Http://mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/vast.html [accessed 16 November 2006].
Panter J.A. (1981) Notes on Aristolochia from Trinidad and the description of A. boosii. Kew Bulletin, 36, 231233.
Pitman N. & Jørgensen P. (2002) Estimating the size of the world's threatened flora. Science, 298, 989989.
Rohr G.M. (1991) Paleogeographic maps, Maturín Basin of E Venezuela and Trinidad. In Transactions of the Second Geological Conference of the Geological Society of Trinidad & Tobago (ed. Gillezeau K.A.), pp. 88105. The Geological Society of Trinidad and Tobago, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago.
Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (2002) Electronic Plant Information Centre. Http://www.kew.org/epic/ [accessed 16 November 2006].
Skog L.E. & Boggan J.K. (2005-2006) World Checklist of Gesneriaceae. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA.
Sleumer H.O. (1980) Flacourtiaceae. Flora Neotropica Monograph, 22, 1499.
Strahm W. (2003) Global Strategy for Plant Conservation - Draft Stakeholder Consultation on Target 2. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (2006a) World Checklist of Monocotyledons. Http://www.kew.org/wcsp/monocots/ [accessed 20 September 2006].
The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (2006b) World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Http://www.kew.org/wcsp/ [accessed 16 November 2006].
The New York Botanical Garden (2006) Virtual Herbarium. Http://sciweb.nybg.org/Science2/vii2.asp [accessed 16 November 2006].
United States Board on Geographic Names (2006) Trinidad and Tobago Country File. Http://earth-info.nga.mil/gns/html/cntry_files.html [accessed 23 October 2006].
Valencia R., Pitman N., León-Yánez S. & Jørgensen P.M. (2000) Libro rojo de las plantas endémicas del Ecuador. Herbario QCA, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador.
Van den Eynden V. (2006) Review of Endemic Plants of Trinidad and Tobago. Http://www.sta.uwi.edu/fsa/maturanp/ [accessed 2 August 2007].
Van den Eynden V., Oatham M., Alexander B., Naranjit A., Quashie J., Koonhow B. et al. . (2007) Matura National Park ESA Participatory Biological Baseline Survey. Unpublished Report. The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad.
Van der Hammen T. (1974) The Pleistocene changes of vegetation and climate in tropical South America. Journal of Biogeography, 1, 326.
Wasshausen D. (1995) A new species, new combinations, and a new name in Acanthaceae from northern South America. Brittonia, 47, 422425.
Wasshausen D. & McClellan T. (1995) Begonia mariannensis (Begoniaceae), a new species from Trinidad, West Indies. Brittonia, 47, 2123.
Williams R.O., Cheesman E.E. & Philcox D. (1928-1992) Flora of Trinidad and Tobago, Volumes 1-3. Government Printer, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago.
Willis F., Moat J. & Paton A. (2003) Defining a role for herbarium data in Red List assessments: a case study of Plectranthus from eastern and southern tropical Africa. Biodiversity and Conservation, 12, 15371552.
World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1996) Forest Cover of Trinidad. Http://gislab.cifor.cgiar.org/fsic/doSearch.do?q=trinidad [accessed 4 June 2006].
World Database on Protected Areas (2005) Http://sea.unep-wcmc.org/wdbpa [accessed 16 November 2006].
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Oryx
  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 5
Total number of PDF views: 17 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 330 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.