Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home

The importance of selectively logged forests for tiger Panthera tigris conservation: a population density estimate in Peninsular Malaysia

  • D. Mark Rayan (a1) and Shariff Wan Mohamad (a1)
Abstract

To obtain information on density of tiger Panthera tigris in selectively logged forest, a 9-month camera-trapping survey was conducted over elevations of 190–850 m in lowland and hill/upper dipterocarp and lower montane forests in Gunung Basor Forest Reserve, Peninsular Malaysia. Capture-recapture sampling methods were used to estimate tiger population density in the Reserve. The number of individual tigers captured was six. Using the Mh jackknife estimator the average capture probability per sampling occasion was 0.28 and the corresponding estimate of population size 8 ± SE 1.89. The overall probability of photo-capturing a tiger present in the sampled area was 0.75. Using an approach based on distances between photo-captures, a buffer width of 3.22 km and an effectively sampled area of 308 km2 was estimated. This resulted in a density estimate of 2.59 ± SE 0.71 adult tigers per 100 km2. The results indicate that selectively logged forests such as Gunung Basor Forest Reserve have the potential to accommodate a high density of tigers. Decision makers and conservation planners should not therefore perceive selectively logged forests to have limited conservation value. Further research on the ecology of tigers and their prey in selectively logged forests is urgently needed. Such research would enable conservationists to recommend tiger-friendly management guidelines for sustainable forest management and thereby significantly contribute to tiger conservation in Malaysia.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The importance of selectively logged forests for tiger Panthera tigris conservation: a population density estimate in Peninsular Malaysia
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The importance of selectively logged forests for tiger Panthera tigris conservation: a population density estimate in Peninsular Malaysia
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The importance of selectively logged forests for tiger Panthera tigris conservation: a population density estimate in Peninsular Malaysia
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*WWF-Malaysia, 49, Jalan SS23/15, Taman SEA, 47400 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia. E-mail mdarmaraj@wwf.org.my
References
Hide All
Badrul, A.M.S. (2003) The trend of tiger-human conflicts in Peninsular Malaysia from 1991 to 2003. Journal of Wildlife and Parks, 21, 103109.
Darmaraj, M.R. (2007) Tiger Monitoring Study in Gunung Basor Forest Reserve, Jeli, Kelantan. Unpublished Report. WWF-Malaysia, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.
Davies, G., Heydon, M., Leader-Williams, N., MacKinnon, J. & Newing, H. (2001) The effects of logging on tropical forest ungulates. In The Cutting Edge–Conserving Wildlife in Logged Tropical Forest (eds Fimbel, R.A., Grajal, A. & Robinson, J.G.), pp. 93–24. Columbia University Press, New York, USA.
Dinerstein, E., Loucks, C. Heydlauff, A., Wikramanayake, E., Bryja, G., Forrest, J. et al. (2006) Setting Priorities for the Conservation and Recovery of Wild Tigers: 2005–2015: A User's Guide. WWF, WCS, Smithsonian, and NFWF-STF, Washington, DC, & New York, USA.
Elagupillay, S. (1983) Livestock depredation problem by tigers in cattle farms. Journal of Wildlife and Parks, 2, 136144.
Karanth, K.U. (1995) Estimating tiger Panthera tigris populations from camera-trap data using capture-recapture models. Biological Conservation, 71, 333338.
Karanth, K.U., Chundawat, R.S., Nichols, J.D. & Kumar, N.S. (2004) Estimation of tiger densities in the tropical dry forests of Panna, Central India, using photographic capture-recapture sampling. Animal Conservation, 7, 285290.
Karanth, K.U. & Nichols, J.D. (1998) Estimation of tiger densities in India using photographic captures and recaptures. Ecology, 79, 28522862.
Karanth, K.U. & Nichols, J.D. (2002) Monitoring Tigers and their Prey: A Manual for Researchers, Managers and Conservationists in Tropical Asia. Centre for Wildlife Studies, Bangalore, India.
Karanth, K.U., Nichols, J.D., Kumar, N.S., Link, W.A. & Hines, J.E. (2004) Tigers and their prey: predicting carnivore densities from prey abundance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 101, 48544858.
Kawanishi, K. (2002) Population status of tigers (Panthera tigris) in a primary rainforest of Peninsular Malaysia. PhD thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA.
Kawanishi, K., Siti, H.Y., Abdul Kadir, A.H. & Topani, R. (2003) Distribution and potential population size of the tiger in Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Wildlife and Parks, 21, 2950.
Kawanishi, K. & Sunquist, M.E. (2004) Conservation status of tigers in a primary rainforest of Peninsular Malaysia. Biological Conservation, 120, 329344.
Kawanishi, K., Sunquist, M.E. & Jasmi, A. (2006) Effects of human activities on the tiger-prey community in Taman Negara National Park, Peninsular Malaysia and their implications for conservation. In Management and Status of Resources in Protected Areas of Peninsular Malaysia (eds Sahir, O., Siti Hawa, Y., Elagupillay, S., Shukor, M.N., Norhayati, A.& Shahrul, A.M.S.), pp. 175198. Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Locke, A. (1954) The Tigers of Terengganu. Museum Press Ltd, London, UK.
Lynam, A.J., Laidlaw, R., Wan Shaharuddin, W.N., Elagupillay, S. & Bennett, E.L. (2007) Assessing the conservation status of the tiger Panthera tigris at priority sites in Peninsular Malaysia. Oryx, 41, 454462.
Miquelle, D.G., Smirnov, E.N., Merrill, T.W., Myslenkov, A.E., Quigley, H.B., Hornocker, M.G. & Schleyer, B. (1999) Hierarchical spatial analysis of Amur tiger relationships to habitat and prey. In Riding the Tiger: Tiger Conservation in Human-dominated Landscapes (eds Seidensticker, J., Christie, S. & Jackson, P.), pp. 7199. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Nichols, J.D. & Karanth, K.U. (2002) Statistical concepts: estimating absolute densities of tigers using capture-recapture sampling. In Monitoring Tigers and their Prey: A Manual for Researchers, Managers and Conservationists in Tropical Asia (eds Karanth, K.U. & Nichols, J.D.), pp. 121137. Centre for Wildlife Studies, Bangalore, India.
O'Brien, T.G., Kinnaird, M.F. & Wibisono, H.T. (2003) Crouching tigers, hidden prey: Sumatran tiger and prey populations in a tropical forest landscape. Animal Conservation, 6, 131139.
Otis, D.L., Burnham, K.P., White, G.C. & Anderson, D.R. (1978) Statistical inference from capture data on closed animal populations. Wildlife Monographs, 62, 1135.
Rexstad, E. & Burnham, K.P. (1991) User's Guide for Interactive Program CAPTURE. Abundance Estimation of Closed Animal Populations. Colorado State University, Fort Collins, USA.
Simcharoen, S., Pattanavibool, A., Karanth, K.U., Nichols, J.D. & Kumar, N.S. (2007) How many tigers Panthera tigris are there in Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary, Thailand? An estimate using photographic capture-recapture sampling. Oryx, 41, 447453.
Wilson, K.R. & Anderson, D.R. (1985) Evaluation of two density estimators of small mammal population size. Journal of Mammalogy, 66, 1321.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Oryx
  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed