Skip to main content

Integrating family planning service provision into community-based marine conservation

  • Alasdair Harris (a1), Vik Mohan (a1), Maggie Flanagan (a1) and Rebecca Hill (a1)

Human population growth is one of the primary drivers of biodiversity loss. Throughout much of the developing world growth of human populations is occurring in part as a result of a lack of access to sexual and reproductive health services, and this is having profoundly negative impacts on biodiversity and natural resource-dependent livelihoods. We present experiences of the incorporation of sexual and reproductive health services within a pre-existing community-based marine conservation initiative in Madagascar as part of an integrated population, health and environment (PHE) programme. Our results demonstrate the considerable demand for, and lack of social barriers to, the introduction of sexual and reproductive health services in this region. These findings emphasize the mutually beneficial synergies, supporting both public health and conservation objectives, which can be created by integrating sexual and reproductive health services into more conventional biodiversity conservation activities. This PHE approach demonstrates the inextricable link between reproductive health and resource use by providing practical, immediate and lasting benefits to public health, gender equity, food security and biodiversity conservation.

Corresponding author
(Corresponding author) E-mail
Hide All
Agarwal B. (2009) Gender and forest conservation: the impact of women's participation in community forest governance. Ecological Economics, 68, 27852799.
Andriamalala G. & Gardner C.J. (2010) L'utilisation du dina comme outil de gouvernance des ressources naturelles: leçons tirés de Velondriake, sud-ouest de Madagascar. Tropical Conservation Science, 3, 447472.
Black-Michaud A., de Meulder F., Randrianasolo H. & Conan C. (2009) Rapport D'Evalutation De L'Intervention Prolongée De Secours Et De Redressement À Madagascar (Ipsr 10442.0)—Aide Pour Faire Face Aux Catastrophes Naturelles Et À L'insecurité Alimentaire Saisonnière (Juillet 2006–Juin 2009). World Food Programme, Rome, Italy.
Brooks T.M., Mittermeier R.A., da Fonseca G.A.B., Gerlach J., Hoffmann M., Lamoreux J.F. et al. (2006) Global biodiversity conservation priorities. Science, 313, 5861.
Castro J. & D'Agnes L. (2008) Fishing for Families: Reproductive Health and Integrated Coastal Management in the Philippines (Focus Issue 15). Environmental Change and Security Program, Washington, DC, USA.
Corby N., Boler T. & Hovig D. (2009) The MSI Impact Calculator: Methodology and Assumptions. Marie Stopes International, London, UK.
D'Agnes L., D'Agnes H., Schwartz J.B., Amarillo M.L. & Castro J. (2010) Integrated management of coastal resources and human health yields added value: a comparative study in Palawan (Philippines). Environmental Conservation, 37, 398409.
Edmond J. (2008) Incorporating Gender into PHE Strategies: Experiences from Conservation International. Conservation International and USAID, Washington, DC, USA.
Engleman R. (2009) The State of the World Population. UN Population Fund, New York, USA.
Ferguson H.B. (2009) REDD comes into fashion in Madagascar. Madagascar Conservation and Development, 4, 8493.
Freudenberger K. (2010) Paradise Lost? Lessons from 25 years of USAID Environment Programs in Madagascar. International Resources Group, Washington, DC, USA.
Harris A. (2007) “To live with the Sea” Development of the Velondriake Community-Managed Protected Area Network, Southwest Madagascar. Madagascar Conservation and Development, 2, 4349.
Harris A., Manahira G., Sheppard A., Gough C. & Sheppard C. (2010) Demise of Madagascar's once great barrier reef—change in coral reef condition over 40 years. Atoll Research Bulletin, 574, 118.
Harris A. (2011) Out of sight but no longer out of mind: a climate of change for marine conservation in Madagascar. Madagascar Conservation and Development, 6, 714.
Horning N.R. (2008) Strong support for weak performance: donor competition in Madagascar. African Affairs, 107, 405431.
INSTAT (Institut National de la Statistique) (2007) Estimations de la population de Madagascar. INSTAT, Antananarivo, Madagascar.
INSTAT (Institut National de la Statistique) & ICF Macro (2010) Enquête Démographique et de Santé de Madagascar 2008–2009, Antananarivo, Madagascar. INSTAT and ICF Macro, Antananarivo, Madagascar.
MAP (Madagascar Action Plan) (2007) Commitment Five: Health, Family Planning and the Fight Against HIV/AIDS. Presidence de la Republique, Government of Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar.
Songorwa A.N. (1999) Community-based wildlife management (CWM) in Tanzania: are the communities interested? World Development, 27, 20612079.
Stover J., Bertrand J.T. & Shelton J.D. (2000) Empirically based conversion factors for calculating couple-years of protection. Evaluation Review, 24, 346.
UNICEF (2010a) State of the World's Children. UNICEF, New York, USA.
UNICEF (2010b) Etude sur la Pauvreté et les Déprivations des Enfants à Madagascar et Peace and Conflict Impact Assessment. Revue mi-année 2010. UNICEF Madagascar, Antananarivo, Madagascar.
WWF (2008) Living Planet Report 2008. WWF, Washington, DC, USA.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 4
Total number of PDF views: 30 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 290 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 17th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.