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Is there a legal obligation to reintroduce animal species into their former habitats?

  • P. A. Rees (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 April 2009

Species reintroduction programmes are an important feature of global conservation efforts. There is evidence within the texts of some international and European laws of legal obligations to reintroduce species to their former habitats. However, these obligations are inconsistent between legal instruments, and it is not at all clear exactly what it is they are legislating to recreate. In particular, definitions of native species are either absent from the law or unclear, especially in an historical context. Attempts to reintroduce some predators have been met with legal challenges, and so it is essential that conservation authorities have a clear mission in their reintroduction activities and that this mission is reflected in their national law. Successful reintroductions will be achieved only with public support, and this is more likely where clear objectives have been established after public consultation. Conservation authorities undertaking reintroduction projects should use the legal system and the international commitments made by their governments to validate their efforts.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

J. Fischer & D.B. Lindenmayer (2000) An assessment of the published results of animal relocations. Biological Conservation, 96, 111.

R. Leaper , G. Massei , M.L. Gorman & R. Aspinall (1999) The feasibility of reintroducing wild boar (Sus scrofa) to Scotland. Mammal Review, 29, 239259.

S. Lyster (1985) International Wildlife Law. Grotius Publications, Cambridge.

C. Servheen , W.F. Kasworm & T.J. Their (1995) Transplanting grizzly bears Ursus arctos horribilis as a management tool – results from the Cabinet Mountains, Montana, USA. Biological Conservation, 71, 261268.

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  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
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