Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Keeping predators out: testing fences to reduce livestock depredation at night-time corrals

  • Gustaf Samelius (a1), Kulbhushansingh Suryawanshi (a1), Jens Frank (a2), Bayarjargal Agvaantseren (a3), Erdenechimeg Baasandamba (a3), Tserennadmid Mijiddorj (a3), Örjan Johansson (a1), Lkhagvasumberel Tumursukh (a3) and Charudutt Mishra (a1)...

Abstract

Livestock depredation by large carnivores is a global conservation challenge, and mitigation measures to reduce livestock losses are crucial for the coexistence of large carnivores and people. Various measures are employed to reduce livestock depredation but their effectiveness has rarely been tested. In this study, we tested the effectiveness of tall fences to reduce livestock losses to snow leopards Panthera uncia and wolves Canis lupus at night-time corrals at the winter camps of livestock herders in the Tost Mountains in southern Mongolia. Self-reported livestock losses at the fenced corrals were reduced from a mean loss of 3.9 goats and sheep per family and winter prior to the study to zero losses in the two winters of the study. In contrast, self-reported livestock losses in winter pastures, and during the rest of the year, when herders used different camps, remained high, which indicates that livestock losses were reduced because of the fences, not because of temporal variation in predation pressure. Herder attitudes towards snow leopards were positive and remained positive during the study, whereas attitudes towards wolves, which attacked livestock also in summer when herders moved out on the steppes, were negative and worsened during the study. This study showed that tall fences can be very effective at reducing night-time losses at corrals and we conclude that fences can be an important tool for snow leopard conservation and for facilitating the coexistence of snow leopards and people.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Keeping predators out: testing fences to reduce livestock depredation at night-time corrals
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Keeping predators out: testing fences to reduce livestock depredation at night-time corrals
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Keeping predators out: testing fences to reduce livestock depredation at night-time corrals
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

(Corresponding author) E-mail gustaf@snowleopard.org

Footnotes

Hide All
*

Also at: Grimsö Wildlife Research Station, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Riddarhyttan, Sweden

Also at: Nordens Ark, Hunnebostrand, Sweden

Also at: Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore, India

Supplementary material for this article is available at doi.org/10.1017/S0030605319000565

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Aryal, A., Brunton, D., Ji, W., Barraclough, R.K. & Raubenheimer, D. (2014) Human–carnivore conflict: ecological and economical sustainability of predation on livestock by snow leopard and other carnivores in the Himalaya. Sustainability Sciences, 9, 321329.
Berger, J., Buuveibaatar, B. & Mishra, C. (2013) Globalization of the cashmere market and the decline of large mammals in Central Asia. Conservation Biology, 27, 679689.
Eklund, A., López Bao, J.V., Tourani, M., Chapron, G. & Frank, J. (2017) Limited evidence on the effectiveness of interventions to reduce livestock predation by large carnivores. Scientific Reports, 7, 2097.
Inskip, C. & Zimmermann, A. (2009) Human–felid conflict: a review of patterns and priorities worldwide. Oryx, 43, 1834.
Jackson, R.M. & Wangchuck, R. (2004) A community-based approach to mitigating livestock depredation by snow leopards. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 9, 307315.
Johansson, O., McCarthy, T., Samelius, G., Andrén, H., Tumursukh, L. & Mishra, C. (2015) Snow leopard predation in a livestock dominated landscape in Mongolia. Biological Conservation, 184, 251258.
Li, J., Yin, H., Wang, D., Jiagong, Z. & Lu, Z. (2013) Human–snow leopard conflicts in the Sanjiangyuan Region of the Tibetan Plateau. Biological Conservation, 166, 118123.
Lichtenfeld, L.L., Trout, C. & Kisimir, E.L. (2015) Evidence-based conservation: predator-proof bomas protect livestock and lions. Biodiversity and Conservation, 24, 483491.
Mijiddorj, T.N., Alexander, J.S. & Samelius, G. (2018) Livestock depredation by large carnivores in the South Gobi, Mongolia. Wildlife Research, 45, 237246.
Mishra, C., Allen, P., McCarthy, T., Madhusudan, M.D., Agvaantserengiin, B. & Prins, H.H.T. (2003) The role of incentive programs in conserving the snow leopard. Conservation Biology, 17, 15121520.
Mishra, C., Rutherford, B., Thinley, T., Sonam, K., Bijoor, A., Timbadia, R. et al. (2016) Setting up mechanisms to offset wildlife-caused economic damage: community-based livestock insurance. In The PARTNERS Principles for Community-Based Conservation (ed. Mishra, C.), pp. 127148. Snow Leopard Trust, Seattle, USA.
Mishra, C., Young, J.C., Fiechter, M., Rutherford, B. & Redpath, S.M. (2017) Building partnerships with communities for biodiversity conservation: lessons from Asian mountains. Journal of Applied Ecology, 54, 15831591.
Mohammad, G., Mostafawi, S.N., Dadul, J. & Rosen, T. (2016) Corral improvement. In Snow Leopard (eds McCarthy, T. & Mallon, D.), pp. 180183. Elsevier, New York, USA.
Namgail, T., Fox, J.L. & Bhatnagar, Y.V. (2007) Carnivore-caused livestock mortality in Trans-Himalaya. Environmental Management, 39, 490496.
R Development Core Team (2014) R: a Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. Rproject.org [accessed 26 July 2019].
Suryawanshi, K.R., Bhatia, S., Bhatnagar, Y.V., Redpath, S. & Mishra, C. (2014). Multiscale factors affecting human attitudes toward snow leopards and wolves. Conservation Biology, 28, 16571666.
Treves, A. & Karanth, K.U. (2003) Human–carnivore conflict and perspectives on carnivore management worldwide. Conservation Biology, 17, 14911499.
van Eeden, L.M., Eklund, A., Miller, J.R., López-Bao, J.V., Chapron, G., Cejtin, M.R. et al. (2018) Carnivore conservation needs evidence-based livestock protection. PLOS Biology, 16, e2005577.
Woodroffe, R., Thirgood, S.J. & Rabinowitz, A. (2005) People and Wildlife, Conflict or Co-Existence? Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Keywords

Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary materials

Samelius et al. supplementary material
Samelius et al. supplementary material

 PDF (99 KB)
99 KB

Keeping predators out: testing fences to reduce livestock depredation at night-time corrals

  • Gustaf Samelius (a1), Kulbhushansingh Suryawanshi (a1), Jens Frank (a2), Bayarjargal Agvaantseren (a3), Erdenechimeg Baasandamba (a3), Tserennadmid Mijiddorj (a3), Örjan Johansson (a1), Lkhagvasumberel Tumursukh (a3) and Charudutt Mishra (a1)...

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed