Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 24
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Foden, Wendy B. Mace, Georgina M. and Butchart, Stuart H. M. 2013. Biodiversity Monitoring and Conservation.


    Böhm, Monika and Collen, Ben 2015. Toward equality of biodiversity knowledge through technology transfer. Conservation Biology, Vol. 29, Issue. 5, p. 1290.


    Loo, Judy Souvannavong, Oudara and Dawson, Ian K 2014. Seeing the trees as well as the forest: The importance of managing forest genetic resources. Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 333, p. 1.


    Almond, Rosamunde E. A. Butchart, Stuart H. M. Oldfield, Thomasina E. E. McRae, Louise and de Bie, Steven 2013. Biodiversity Monitoring and Conservation.


    Jones, Julia P.G. Asner, Gregory P. Butchart, Stuart H.M. and Karanth, K. Ullas 2013. Key Topics in Conservation Biology 2.


    Maxwell, SM Ban, NC and Morgan, LE 2014. Pragmatic approaches for effective management of pelagic marine protected areas. Endangered Species Research, Vol. 26, Issue. 1, p. 59.


    Galli, Alessandro Halle, Martin and Grunewald, Nicole 2015. Physical limits to resource access and utilisation and their economic implications in Mediterranean economies. Environmental Science & Policy, Vol. 51, p. 125.


    Stuart, Simon N. and Collen, Ben 2013. Biodiversity Monitoring and Conservation.


    Bell, F Dacosta, Jennifer and Larocque, Guy 2015. Ecological Forest Management Handbook.


    Butchart, S. H. M. Brooks, T. M. Scharlemann, J. P. W. and Mwangi, M. A. K. 2016. Protected Areas.


    Brooks, Thomas M. Butchart, Stuart H.M. Cox, Neil A. Heath, Melanie Hilton-Taylor, Craig Hoffmann, Michael Kingston, Naomi Rodríguez, Jon Paul Stuart, Simon N. and Smart, Jane 2015. Harnessing biodiversity and conservation knowledge products to track the Aichi Targets and Sustainable Development Goals. Biodiversity, Vol. 16, Issue. 2-3, p. 157.


    Han, Xuemei Josse, Carmen Young, Bruce E. Smyth, Regan L. Hamilton, H. Healy and Bowles-Newark, Nadine 2016. Monitoring national conservation progress with indicators derived from global and national datasets. Biological Conservation,


    Turak, Eren Brazill-Boast, James Cooney, Tim Drielsma, Michael DelaCruz, Jocelyn Dunkerley, Gillian Fernandez, Miguel Ferrier, Simon Gill, Mike Jones, Hugh Koen, Terry Leys, John McGeoch, Melodie Mihoub, Jean-Baptiste Scanes, Peter Schmeller, Dirk and Williams, Kristen 2016. Using the essential biodiversity variables framework to measure biodiversity change at national scale. Biological Conservation,


    Tierney, Megan Almond, Rosamunde Stanwell-Smith, Damon McRae, Louise Zöckler, Christoph Collen, Ben Walpole, Matt Hutton, Jon and de Bie, Steven 2014. Use it or lose it: measuring trends in wild species subject to substantial use. Oryx, Vol. 48, Issue. 03, p. 420.


    Stephenson, P.J. Burgess, Neil D. Jungmann, Laura Loh, Jonathan O’Connor, Sheila Oldfield, Thomasina Reidhead, Will and Shapiro, Aurélie 2015. Overcoming the challenges to conservation monitoring: integrating data fromin-situreporting and global data sets to measure impact and performance. Biodiversity, Vol. 16, Issue. 2-3, p. 68.


    Koyanagi, Tomoyo F. and Furukawa, Takuya 2013. Nation-wide agrarian depopulation threatens semi-natural grassland species in Japan: Sub-national application of the Red List Index. Biological Conservation, Vol. 167, p. 1.


    Boykin, Kenneth G. Kepner, William G. Bradford, David F. Guy, Rachel K. Kopp, Darin A. Leimer, Allison K. Samson, Elizabeth A. East, N. Forrest Neale, Anne C. and Gergely, Kevin J. 2013. A national approach for mapping and quantifying habitat-based biodiversity metrics across multiple spatial scales. Ecological Indicators, Vol. 33, p. 139.


    Danielsen, Finn Pirhofer-Walzl, Karin Adrian, Teis P. Kapijimpanga, Daniel R. Burgess, Neil D. Jensen, Per M. Bonney, Rick Funder, Mikkel Landa, Arild Levermann, Nette and Madsen, Jesper 2014. Linking Public Participation in Scientific Research to the Indicators and Needs of International Environmental Agreements. Conservation Letters, Vol. 7, Issue. 1, p. 12.


    Vugteveen, Pim van Katwijk, Marieke M. Rouwette, Etiënne and Hanssen, Lucien 2014. How to structure and prioritize information needs in support of monitoring design for Integrated Coastal Management. Journal of Sea Research, Vol. 86, p. 23.


    Haase, Dagmar Larondelle, Neele Andersson, Erik Artmann, Martina Borgström, Sara Breuste, Jürgen Gomez-Baggethun, Erik Gren, Åsa Hamstead, Zoé Hansen, Rieke Kabisch, Nadja Kremer, Peleg Langemeyer, Johannes Rall, Emily Lorance McPhearson, Timon Pauleit, Stephan Qureshi, Salman Schwarz, Nina Voigt, Annette Wurster, Daniel and Elmqvist, Thomas 2014. A Quantitative Review of Urban Ecosystem Service Assessments: Concepts, Models, and Implementation. AMBIO, Vol. 43, Issue. 4, p. 413.


    ×

Linked indicator sets for addressing biodiversity loss

  • Tim H. Sparks (a1), Stuart H. M. Butchart (a2), Andrew Balmford (a1), Leon Bennun (a2), Damon Stanwell-Smith (a3), Matt Walpole (a3), Nicholas R. Bates (a4), Bastian Bomhard (a3), Graeme M. Buchanan (a5), Anna M. Chenery (a3), Ben Collen (a6), Jorge Csirke (a7), Robert J. Diaz (a8), Nicholas K. Dulvy (a9), Claire Fitzgerald (a3), Valerie Kapos (a3), Philippe Mayaux (a10), Megan Tierney (a3), Michelle Waycott (a11), Louisa Wood (a3) and Rhys E. Green (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S003060531100024X
  • Published online: 21 June 2011
Abstract
Abstract

The target adopted by world leaders of significantly reducing the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010 was not met but this stimulated a new suite of biodiversity targets for 2020 adopted by the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in October 2010. Indicators will be essential for monitoring progress towards these targets and the CBD will be defining a suite of relevant indicators, building on those developed for the 2010 target. Here we argue that explicitly linked sets of indicators offer a more useful framework than do individual indicators because the former are easier to understand, communicate and interpret to guide policy. A Response-Pressure-State-Benefit framework for structuring and linking indicators facilitates an understanding of the relationships between policy actions, anthropogenic threats, the status of biodiversity and the benefits that people derive from it. Such an approach is appropriate at global, regional, national and local scales but for many systems it is easier to demonstrate causal linkages and use them to aid decision making at national and local scales. We outline examples of linked indicator sets for humid tropical forests and marine fisheries as illustrations of the concept and conclude that much work remains to be done in developing both the indicators and the causal links between them.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Conservation Science Group, Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EJ, UK. E-mail thsparks@btopenworld.com
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

K.S. Andam , P.J. Ferraro , A. Pfaff , G.A. Sanchez-Azofeifa & J.A. Robalino (2008) Measuring the effectiveness of protected area networks in reducing deforestation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 105, 1608916094.

S.H.M. Butchart , H.R. Akçakaya , J. Chanson , J.E.M. Baillie , B. Collen , S. Quader . (2007) Improvements to the Red List Index. PLoS ONE, 2(1), e140.

S.H.M. Butchart , M. Walpole , B. Collen , A. van Strien , J.P.W. Scharlemann , R.E.E. Almond . (2010) Global biodiversity: indicators of recent declines. Science, 328, 11641168.

W.W.L. Cheung , V.W.Y. Lam , J.L. Sarmiento , K. Kearney , R. Watson & D. Pauly (2009) Projecting global marine biodiversity impacts under climate change scenarios. Fish and Fisheries, 10, 235251.

B. Collen , J. Loh , S. Whitmee , L. McRae , R. Amin & J.E.M. Baillie (2009) Monitoring change in vertebrate abundance: the Living Planet Index. Conservation Biology, 23, 317327.


R.S. DeFries , T. Rudel , M. Uriarte & M. Hansen (2010) Deforestation driven by urban population growth and agricultural trade in the twenty-first century. Nature Geoscience, 3, 178181.

R.J. Diaz & R. Rosenberg (2008) Spreading dead zones and consequences for marine ecosystems. Science, 321, 926929.

N.K. Dulvy , S. Jennings , S.I. Rogers & D.L. Maxwell (2006) Threat and decline in fishes: an indicator of marine biodiversity. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 63, 12671275.

E. Hoyt & G.T. Hvenegaard (2002) A review of whale-watching and whaling with applications for the Caribbean. Coastal Management, 30, 381399.

A.S. Lobo , A. Balmford , R. Arthur & A. Manica (2010) Commercializing bycatch can push a fishery beyond economic extinction. Conservation Letters, 3, 277285.

R. Margoluis , C. Stem , N. Salafsky & M. Brown (2008) Using conceptual models as a planning and evaluation tool in conservation. Evaluation and Program Planning, 32, 138147.

J.D. Nichols , M.C. Runge , F.A. Johnson & B.K. Williams (2007) Adaptive harvest management of North American waterfowl populations: a brief history and future prospects. Journal of Ornithology, 148, 343349.

T.G. O’Brien , J.E.M. Baillie , L. Krueger & M. Cuke (2010) The Wildlife Picture Index: monitoring top trophic levels. Animal Conservation, 13, 335343.

P.J.C. Oliveira , G.P. Asner , D.E. Knapp , A. Almeyda , R. Galván-Gildemeister , S. Keene . (2007) Land-use allocation protects the Peruvian Amazon. Science, 317, 12331236.

A. Pfaff , J. Robalino , G.A. Sanchez-Azofeifa , K.S. Andam & P.J. Ferraro (2009) Park location affects forest protection: land characteristics cause differences in park impacts across Costa Rica. The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, 9(2), Article 5.

J.D. Sachs , J.E.M. Baillie , W.J. Sutherland , P.R. Armsworth , N. Ash , J. Beddington . (2009) Biodiversity conservation and the Millennium Development Goals. Science, 325, 15021503.

E.R. Selig & J.F. Bruno (2010) A global analysis of the effectiveness of marine protected areas in preventing coral loss. PLoS ONE, 5, e9278.

M. Walpole , R. Almond , C. Besançon , S.H.M. Butchart , D. Campbell-Lendrum , G.M. Carr . (2009) Tracking progress towards the 2010 Biodiversity Target and beyond. Science, 325, 15031504.

J. Wielgus , A. Balmford , T.B. Lewis , C. Mora & L.R. Gerber (2010) Coral reef quality and recreation fees in marine protected areas. Conservation Letters, 3, 3844.

B. Worm , R. Hilborn , J.K. Baum , T.A. Branch , J.S. Collie , C. Costello . (2009) Rebuilding global fisheries. Science, 325, 578585.

D. Zeller & D. Pauly (2005) Good news, bad news: global fisheries discards are declining, but so are total catches. Fish and Fisheries, 6, 156159.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Oryx
  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: