Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

The mountain tapir, endangered ‘flagship’ species of the high Andes

  • Craig C. Downer (a1)

The mountain tapir has already disappeared from parts of its range in the high Andes of South America and remaining populations are severely threatened by hunting and habitat destruction. With an estimated population of fewer than 2500 individuals, urgent measures are necessary to secure a future for the species. This paper presents an overview of the species throughout its range as well as some of the main results of the author's studies on tapir ecology. Finally, a plea is made for conservation action in Sangay National Park, which is one of the species's main strongholds.

Corresponding author
PO Box 456, Minden, NV 89423, USA.
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

R.E. Bodmer 1989. Frugivory in Amazonian Artiodactyla: evidence for the evolution of the ruminant stomach, journal Zoology (London), 219, 457467.

R.E. Bodmer 1990. Fruit patch size and frugivory in the lowland tapir (Tapirus terrestris). Journal Zoology (London), 222, 121128.

R.E. Bodmer 1991. Strategies of seed dispersal and seed predation in Amazonian ungulates. Biotropica, 23 (3), 255261.

S. Bonney and M.J. Crotty 1979. Breeding the mountain tapir, Tapirus pinchaque, at the Los Angeles Zoo. International Zoo Yearbook, 19, 198200.

M.S. Boyce 1992. Population Viability Analysis. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 23, 481506.

J. Cavelier and A. Etter 1995. Deforestation of montane rain forests in Colombia as a result of illegal plantation of opium (Papaver somniferum). In Neotropical Montane Forests: Biodiversity and Conservation. Proceedings of a conference, 06 1993, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York.

B. Griffith , J.M. Scott , J.W. Carpenter and C. Reed 1989. Translocation as a species conservation tool: status and strategy. Science, 245, 477480.

P. Hershkovitz 1954. Mammals of northern Colombia, preliminary report No. 7: Tapirs (genus Tapirus) with a systematic review of American species. Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 103, 465496.

C. Janis 1976. The evolutionary strategy of the Equidae and the origins of rumen and caecal digestion. Evolution, 30, 757774.

C. Janis 1984. Tapirs as living fossils. In Living Fossils (eds N. Eldredge and S. M. Stanley ), Springer Verlag, New York and Berlin.

D.R. Klein 1965. Ecology of deer range in Alaska. Ecol. Monogr. 35, 259284.

B. Peyton 1980. Ecology, distribution and food habits of spectacled bears, Tremarctos ornatus, in Peru. Journal of Mammalogy, 61, 639652.

P. Schauenberg 1969. Contribution a l'etude du tapir pinchaque, Tapirus pinchaque. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 76, 211256.

V. Terwilleger 1978. Natural history of Baird's tapir on Barro Colorado Island. Biotropica, 10, 211220.

B.A. Wilcox and D.D. Murphy 1985. Conservation strategy: the effects of fragmentation on extinction. Am. Nat. 125, 879887.

K.D. Williams and G.A. Petrides 1980. Browse use, feeding behaviour and management of the Malayan tapir. Journal of Wildlife Management, 44, 489494.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 14 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 590 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.