Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

New Caledonia – a conservation imperative for an ancient land

  • R. A. Mittermeier (a1), T. B. Werner (a2) and A. Lees (a3)
Abstract

When Myers (1988) published his first overview of threatened hotspots for conservation of biodiversity world-wide, most of the 10 areas he selected (for example, Madagascar, the Atlantic Forest of Brazil, the eastern slope of the Andes) were already known to be critically important. However, one of his hotspots, the small island territory of New Caledonia in the South Pacific, was an unexpected inclusion in the global priority list. Although well known to botanists as a living museum of unique and ancient plants, and to marine biologists as the site of the world's second largest coastal barrier reef, New Caledonia had been largely overlooked by the international conservation community. None the less, it ranks as one of the world's most endangered biodiversity hotspots and requires an immediate and substantial commitment of conservation resources.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Anon. 1989. Atlas de Nouvelle Calédonie. Editions du Cagou, Nouméa.
Anon. 1994. The Far East and Australasia 1994, 25th edn.Europa Publications Ltd, London.
Balouet J.C. and Olon S.L. 1989. Fossil birds from late Quaternary deposits in New Caledonia. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 469.
Balouet J.C. and Alibert E. 1990. Extinct Species of the World (English edn., transl. Hollyman K. J.; ed. Robb J.). Baron's Educational Series Inc., New York.
Bauer A.M. and Sadlier R.A. 1993. Systematics, biogeography and conservation of the lizards of New Caledonia. Biodiversity letters, 1 (3/4), 107122.
Bauer A. and Vindum J. 1990. A checklist and key to the herpetofauna of New Caledonia, with remarks on biogeography. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sciences, 47 (2), 1745.
Bouchet P., Jaffré T. and Veillon J.-M. 1995. Plant extinction in New Caledonia: protection of sclerophyll forests urgently needed. Biodiversity and Conservation, 4, 415428.
Chazeau J. 1993. Research on New Caledonia terrestrial fauna: achievements and prospects. Biodiversity Letters, 1 (3/4), 123129.
Chazeau J., Chevillon C., Garrigue C., Jaffré T., de Forges B.R. and Veillon J.-M. 1994. Biodiversité et conservation en Nouvelle-Calédonie. Rapports de Syntheses (Sciences de la Vie: Biodiversité), 1. ORSTOM, Nouméa.
CTRDP, 1987. Ecologie en Nouvelle-Calédonie. CTRDP, Nouméa.
Dupon J.F. 1986. The effects of mining on the environment of high islands: case study of nickel mining in New Caledonia. Environmental Case Studies, South Pacific Study. 1. SPREP, Nouméa.
Farjon A., Page C.N. and Schellevis N. 1993. A preliminary world list of threatened conifer taxa. Biodiversity and Conservation, 2, 304326.
Flannery T. 1995. Mammals of the South-West Pacific and Moluccan Islands. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York.
Guile A., Laboute P. and Menou J.-L. 1986. Guide des Etoiles de Mer, Oursins et autres Echinodermes de Lagon de Nouvelle Calédonie. ORSTOM, Paris.
Hannecart F. 1988. Les oiseaux menacés de la Nouvelle Calédonie et des îles proches. In Livre Rouge des Oiseaux Menaces des Regions Françaises d'Outre-Mer (eds Thibault J.-C. and Guyot I.), pp. 143165. ICBP Monograph No. 5. ICBP, Cambridge.
Hannecart F. and Letocart Y. 1980. Oiseaux de Nouvelle Calédonie et des Loyautes Vol. 1. Clark and Matheson Ltd, Auckland.
Hannecart F. and Letocart Y. 1983. Oiseaux de Nouvelle Calédonie et des Loyautes Vol. 2. Dai Nippon, Hong Kong.
Holloway J.D. and Peters J.V. 1976. The butterflies of New Caledonia and the Loyalty Islands. J. nat. Hist. 10, 273318.
IUCN. 1986. Review of the Protected Areas System in Oceania. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
Jaffré T. 1993. The relationship between ecological diversity and floristic diversity in New Caledonia. Bodiversity Letters, 1 (3/4), 8287.
Jaffré T. and Veillon J.-M. 1988. Morphologie, distribution and écologie des palmiers de Nouvelle Calédonie. Rapports Scientifiques et Techniques (Sciences de la Vie: Botanique), 2. ORSTOM, Nouméa.
Jaffré T., Morat Ph., Veillon J.-M. and MacKee H.S. 1987. Changements dans la végétation de la Nouvelle-Calédonie au cours du Tertiaire: la végétation et la flore des roche ultrabasiques. Bull. Mus. natn. Hist. nat., Paris, 4e ser., 9, 1987, section B. Adansonia, 4, 365391.
Kusser J. 1985. Marine Reserves in New Caledonia. A case study prepared for the Third South Pacific National Parks and Reserves Conference and Ministerial Meeting, Apia, Western Samoa, 24 June–3 07, 1985.
Morat Ph. 1993. Our knowledge of the flora of New Caledonia: endemism and diversity in relation to vegetation types and substrates. Biodiversity Letters, 1 (3/4), 7281.
Morat Ph., Veillon J.-M. and MacKee H.S. 1984. Floristic relationships of New Caledonian rain forest phanerograms. In Biogeography of the Tropical Pacific (eds Radovsky F. J., Raven P. H. and Sohmer S. H.), pp. 71128. ASC, Kansas.
Myers N. 1988. Threatened biotas: ‘hot spots’ in tropical forests. The Environmentalist, 8 (3), 187208.
Myers N. 1990. The biodiversity challenge: expanded hot-spots analysis. The Environmentalist, 10 (4), 243256.
Nicoll M.E. and Langrand O. 1989. Madagascar: Revue de la Conservation et des Aires Protégées. WWF, Gland, Switzerland.
Platnick N.I. 1993. The araneomorph spider fauna of New Caledonia. Biodiversity Letters, 1 (3/4), 102106.
Rivaton J., Fourmanoir P., Bourret P. and Kulbicki M. 1989. Catalogue des poissons de Nouvelle-Calédonie. Catalogues Sciences e la Mer (Biologie Marine). ORSTOM, Nouméa.
Robinet O., Beugnet F., Dulieu D. and Chardonnet Ph. 1995. The Ouvea parakeet – state of knowledge and conservation status. Oryx, 29, 143150.
Salathé T. and Imboden C. Saving the kagu: a recovery plan for New Caledonia's national bird. Unpubl. ms. ICBP, Cambridge.
Salvat B., Rives C. and Revercé P. 1953 (1988 edn). Coquillages de Nouvelle Calédonie. Times Editions, Singapore.
Schmid M. 1981. Fleurs et Plantes de Nouvelle-Calédonie. Les editions du pacifique.
Séret B. 1992. Poissons d'eau douce du ‘Caillou’. ORSTOM Actualités, 37, 27.
SPREP. 1993. Health risk from nickel smelter in Nouméa. Environment Newsletter, 35, 8.
UNEP/IUCN. 1988. Coral Reefs of the World. Vol. 3: Central and Western Pacific. UNEP Regional Seas Directories and Bibliographies. IUCN, Gland Switzerland and Cambridge, UK/UNEP.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Oryx
  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 4 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 145 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 19th October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.