Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home

Partnerships for tropical conservation

  • Sonja Vermeulen (a1) and Douglas Sheil
Abstract

Achieving effective conservation in the tropics is a global concern but implicates local people. Despite considerable rhetoric about local participation the vast majority of conservation initiatives continue to be devised and controlled by a small group of powerful, external voices. What is widely overlooked is that local people often have positive conservation goals and preferences. These overlap with global values and create a strong precedent for practice, providing the basis for strategic alliances with conservation agencies. Local people can be part of a solution, rather than of the problem, if they are given the opportunity. While as yet unfamiliar to many conservationists, partnerships with local people are working in other natural resource sectors (water, commercial forestry). Strong partnerships entail shared decision making, shared risks and a balance of rights and responsibilities between external conservation agencies and local interest groups. Partnerships are no panacea, but a real commitment to partnership offers conservation outcomes that are more ethical and often more practicable than current models.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Partnerships for tropical conservation
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Partnerships for tropical conservation
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Partnerships for tropical conservation
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Center for International Forestry Research, P.O. Box 6596, JKPWB, Jakarta 10065, Indonesia. E-mail d.sheil@cgiar.org
References
Hide All
Adams, W.M. (2007) Thinking like a human: social science and the two cultures problem. Oryx, 41, 275276.
Agrawal, A. & Gibson, C.C. (1999) Enchantment and disenchantment: the role of community in natural resource conservation. World Development, 27, 629649.
Anderson, J.R. (2004) Agricultural extension: good intentions and hard realities. World Bank Research Observer, 19, 4160.
Apte, T. (2005) An Activist Approach to Biodiversity Planning. International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK.
Arambiza, E. & Painter, M. (2006) Biodiversity conservation and the quality of life of indigenous people in the Bolivian Chaco. Human Organization, 65, 2034.
Attwell, C.A.M. & Cotterill, F.P.D. (2000) Postmodernism and African conservation science. Biodiversity and Conservation, 9, 559577.
Balmford, A. & Whitten, T. (2003) Who should pay for tropical conservation and how could the costs be met? Oryx, 37, 238250.
Bandaral, R. & Tisdell, C. (2003) Comparison of rural and urban attitudes to the conservation of Asian elephants in Sri Lanka: empirical evidence. Biological Conservation, 110, 327342.
Berkes, F., Colding, J. & Folke, C. (2000) Rediscovery of traditional ecological knowledge as adaptive management. Ecological Applications, 10, 12511262.
Bigg, T. & Satterthwaite, D. (eds) (2005) How To Make Poverty History: The Central Role of Local Organisations in Meeting the MDGs. International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK.
Blench, R. (1997) Neglected Species, Livelihoods and Biodiversity in Difficult Areas: How Should the Public Sector Respond? ODI Natural Resources Paper 23, Overseas Development Institute, London, UK.
Borrini-Feyerabend, G., Pimbert, M., Farvar, T., Kothari, A. & Renard, Y. (2004) Sharing Power: Learning by Doing in Co-management of Natural Resources Throughout the World. IIED and IUCN/CEESP/CMWG, Cenesta, Tehran, Iran.
Bray, D.B., Merino-Perez, L., Negreros-Castillo, P., Segura-Warnholtz, G., Torres-Rojo, J.M. & Vester, H.F.M. (2003) Mexico's community-managed forests as a global model for sustainable landscapes. Conservation Biology, 17, 672677.
Brechin, S.R., Wilshusen, P.R., Fortwangler, C.L. & West, P.C. (2002) Beyond the square wheel: toward a more comprehensive understanding of biodiversity conservation as social and political process. Society and Natural Resources, 15, 4164.
Brooks, T.M., Mittermeier, R.A., da Fonseca, G.A.B., Gerlach, J., Hoffmann, M., Lamoreux, J.F., Mittermeier, C.G., Pilgrim, J.D. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2006) Global biodiversity conservation priorities. Science, 313, 5861.
Brown, K. (2003) Three challenges for a real people-centred conservation. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 12, 8992.
Brown, K., Tompkins, E.L. & Adger, W.N. (2002) Making Waves: Integrating Coastal Conservation and Development. Earthscan, London, UK.
Brownrigg, L.A. (1982) Native Cultures and Protected Areas: Management Options. Paper presented at the World National Parks Congress, Bali, Indonesia.
Bruner, A.G., Gullison, R.E., Rice, R.E. & da Foncesca, G.A.B. (2001) Effectiveness of parks in protecting tropical biodiversity. Science, 291, 125128.
Buckles, D. (ed.) (1999) Cultivating Peace: Conflict and Collaboration in Natural Resource Management. IDRC and World Bank, Washington, DC, USA.
Bulte, E. & van Kooten, G.C. (2000) Economic science, endangered species, and biodiversity loss. Conservation Biology, 14, 113119.
Byers, B.A., Cunliffe, R.N. & Hudak, A.T. (2001) Linking the conservation of culture and nature: a case study of sacred forests in Zimbabwe. Human Ecology, 29, 187213.
Campbell, L.M. & Vainio-Mattilia, A. (2003) Participatory development and community based conservation: opportunities missed for lessons learned. Human Ecology, 31, 417437.
Chapin, M. (2004) A challenge to conservationists. World Watch Magazine, Nov/Dec, 1731.
Christensen, J. (2003) Auditing conservation in an age of accountability. Conservation in Practice, 4, 1219.
Clad, J. (1984) Conservation and indigenous peoples: a study of convergent interests. Cultural Survival Quarterly, 8, 6873 [http://www.culturalsurvival.org/publications/csq/csq-article.cfm?id=296, accessed 21 August 2007]
Colding, J. & Folke, C. (1997) The relations among threatened species, their protection, and taboos. Conservation Ecology, 1, 6 [http://www.consecol.org/vol1/iss1/art6 , accessed 19 January 2007].
Commission on Sustainable Development (2004) Partnerships for Sustainable Development: Report of the Secretary General. Http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/csd/csd12/csd12_docs.htm [accessed 21 August 2007].
Cousins, B., Cousins, T., Hornby, D., Kingwill, R., Royston, L. & Smit, W. (2005) Will Formalising Property Rights Reduce Poverty in South Africa's ‘Second Economy’? Questioning the Mythologies of Hernando de Soto. PLAAS Policy Brief 18, Program for Land and Agrarian Studies, University of the Western Cape, South Africa.
Darwin, C. (1868) The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication. 1998 reprint, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.
De Soto, H. (2003) The Mystery of Capital. Basic Books, New York, USA.
Dorlochter-Sulser, S., Kirsch-Jung, K.P. & Sulser, M. (2000) Elaboration of a Local Convention for Natural Resource Management: A Case from the Bam Region, Burkina Faso. Drylands Issue Paper 106, International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK.
Dovers, S.R., Norton, T.W. & Handmeer, J.W. (1996) Uncertainty, ecology, sustainability and policy. Biodiversity and Conservation, 5, 11431167.
Earthwatch (2002) Business & Biodiversity: The Handbook for Corporate Action. Earthwatch Institute (Europe), International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, World Business Council for Sustainable Development, London, UK.
Ellen, R. (1986) What Black Elk left unsaid: on the illusory images of green primitivism. Anthropology Today, 2, 812.
Ferraro, P.J. & Kiss, A. (2002) Direct payments to conserve biodiversity. Science, 298, 17181719.
Ferraro, P.J. & Pattanayak, S.K. (2006) Money for nothing? A call for empirical evaluation of biodiversity conservation investments. PLoS Biology, 4, e105.
Geisler, C. & de Souza, R. (2001) From refuge to refugee: the African case. Journal of Public Administration and Development, 21, 159170.
Gelderblom, C.M., van Wilgen, B.W., Nel, J.L., Sandwith, T., Botha, M.A. & Hauck, M. (2003) Turning strategy into action: implementing a conservation plan in the Cape Floristic Region. Biological Conservation, 112, 291297.
Gell, F.R. & Roberts, C.M. (2003) Benefits beyond boundaries: the fishery effects of marine reserves. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 18, 448455.
Ghimire, K.B. & Pimbert, M.P. (eds) (1997) Social Change and Conservation: Environmental Politics and Impacts of National Parks and Protected Areas. Earthscan, London, UK.
Guha, R. (1997) The authoritarian biologists and the arrogance of anti-humanism: wildlife conservation in the third world. The Ecologist, 27, 1420.
Holt, F.L. (2005) The catch-22 of conservation: indigenous peoples, biologists and cultural change. Human Ecology, 33, 199215.
Horwich, R.H. & Lyon, J. (2007) Community conservation: practitioners’ answer to critics. Oryx, 41, 376385.
Infield, M. (2001) Cultural values: a forgotten strategy for building community support for protected areas in Africa. Conservation Biology, 15, 800802.
IUCN (2003) State of the World's Protected Areas Report. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
Jenkins, T.N. (1998) Economics and the environment: a case of ethical neglect. Ecological Economics, 26, 151163.
Johannes, R.E. (1978) Traditional marine conservation methods in Oceania and their demise. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 9, 349364.
Johnson, A. (1989) How the Machiguenga manage resources: conservation or exploitation of nature? Advances in Economic Botany, 7, 213222.
Kandeh, H.B.S. & Richards, P. (1996) Rural people as conservationists: querying neo-Malthusian assumptions about biodiversity in Sierra Leone. Africa, 66, 90103.
Lee, K.N. (1993) Compass and Gyroscope: Integrating Science and Politics for the Environment. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Lockwood, M. (1999) Humans valuing nature: synthesising insights from philosophy, psychology and economics. Environmental Values, 8, 381401.
Magurran, A. (2003) Measuring Biological Diversity. Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
Margules, C.R. & Pressey, R.L. (2000) Systematic conservation planning. Nature, 405, 243253.
McLean, J. & Stræde, S. (2003) Conservation, relocation, and the paradigms of park and people management: a case study of Padampur villages and the Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Society and Natural Resources, 16, 509526.
Michon, G. & de Foresta, H. (1995) The Indonesian agroforest model: forest resource management and biodiversity conservation. In Conserving Biodiversity Outside Protected Areas: The Role of Traditional Agro-ecosystems (eds Halladay, P. & Gilmour, D.A.), pp. 90106. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
Murray, M. (2003) Overkill and sustainable use. Science, 299, 18511853.
Myers, N., Mittermeier, R.A., Mittermeier, C.G., da Fonseca, G.A.B. & Kent, J. (2000) Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature, 403, 853858.
Padmanaba, M. & Sheil, D. (2007) Finding and promoting a local conservation consensus in a globally important tropical forest landscape. Biodiversity and Conservation, 16, 137151.
Pierce, S.K. & Kennedy, D. (2002) Making a case for conservation. Science, 297, 19951996.
Pinedo-Vasquez, M., Barletti Pasqualle, J. & Del Castillo Torres, D. (2001) A Tradition of Change: The Dynamic Relationship between Biodiversity and Society in Sector Muyay, Peru. Paper presented at the International Conference on Biodiversity and Society, Columbia University, USA, 2125 May 2001.
Rajpurhit, K.S. (1999) Child lifting: wolves in Hazaribagh, India. Ambio, 28, 162166.
Redford, K.H. & Stearman, A.M. (1993) Forest-dwelling native Amazonians and the conservation of biodiversity: interests in common or in collision? Conservation Biology, 2, 248255.
Redford, K.H. & Taber, S. (2000) Writing the wrongs: developing a safe-fail culture in conservation. Conservation Biology, 14, 15671568.
Roe, D. & Jack, M. (2001) Stories from Eden: Case Studies of Community-based Wildlife Management. Evaluating Eden Series 9. International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK.
Romero, C. & Andrade, G.I. (2004) International conservation organisations and the fate of local tropical forest conservation initiatives. Conservation Biology, 18, 578580.
Sanderson, S.E. & Redford, K.H. (2003) Contested relationships between biodiversity conservation and poverty alleviation. Oryx, 37, 389390.
Schultz, P.W. & Zelezny, L. (1999) Values as predictors of environmental attitudes: evidence for consistency across 14 countries. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19, 255265.
Schwartzman, S. & Zimmerman, B. (2005) Conservation alliances with indigenous peoples of the Amazon. Conservation Biology, 19, 721727.
Seymour, F.J. (1994) Are successful community-based conservation projects designed or discovered? In Natural Connections: Perspectives in Community-based Conservation (eds Western, D., Wright, R.M. & Strum, S.C.), pp. 473496. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Shanley, P. & Gaia, G.R. (2002) Equitable ecology: collaborative learning for local benefit in Amazonia. Agricultural Systems, 73, 8397.
Sharpe, B. (1998) ‘First the forest’: conservation, ‘community’ and ‘participation’ in south-west Cameroon. Africa, 68, 2545.
Sheil, D. & Boissière, M. (2006) Local people may be the best allies in conservation. Nature, 440, 868.
Sheil, D. & Lawrence, A. (2004) Tropical biologists, local people and conservation: new opportunities for collaboration. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 19, 634638.
Sheil, D., Puri, R., Wan, M., Basuki, I., van Heist, M., Liswanti, N., Rukmiyati, , Rachmatika, I. & Samsoedin, I. (2006) Local people's priorities for biodiversity: examples from the forests of Indonesian Borneo. Ambio, 35, 1724.
Spiteri, A. & Nepal, S.K. (2006) Incentive-based conservation programs in developing countries: a review of some key issues and suggestions for improvements. Environmental Management, 37, 114.
Sullivan, S. (1999) Folk and formal, local and national - Damara knowledge and community conservation in southern Kunene, Namibia. Cimbebasia, 15, 128.
Tennyson, R. (2002) Getting Real: The Challenges of Sustaining Biodiversity Partnerships. Report for Prince of Wales International Business Leaders Forum, London, UK.
Terborgh, J. (1999) Requiem for Nature. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA.
United Nations (2000) United Nations Millennium Declaration. 55th Session of the United Nations [http://www.un.org/millennium/declaration/ares552e.htm, accessed 21 August 2007].
Uphoff, N. & Langholz, J. (1998) Incentives for avoiding the Tragedy of the Commons. Environmental Conservation, 25, 251261.
Van den Born, R.J.G., Lenders, R.J.H., de Groot, W.T. & Huijsman, E. (2001) The new biophilia: an exploration of visions of nature in Western countries. Environmental Conservation, 28, 6575.
Van Rijsoort, J. & Zhang, J.F. (2005). Participatory resource monitoring as a means for promoting social change in Yunnan, China. Biodiversity and Conservation, 14, 25432573.
Vedavalli, L. & Kumar, N.A. (1997) Gender Dimensions in Biodiversity Management: India. FAO, Rome, Italy.
Vermeulen, S. & Koziell, I. (2002) Integrating Global and Local Biodiversity Values: A Review of Biodiversity Assessment. International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK.
Vermeulen, S. & Mayers, J. (2006) Partnerships between forestry companies and local communities: mechanisms for efficiency, equity, resilience and accountability. In Partnerships in Sustainable Forest and Tree Resource Management: Learning from Latin America (ed. Ros-Tonen, M.), pp. 125145. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands.
Wilson, A. (1993) Sacred forests and the elders. In Indigenous Peoples and Protected Areas (ed. Kemf, E.), pp. 244248. Sierra Club, San Francisco, USA.
Wunder, S. (2005) Payments for Environmental Services: Some Nuts and Bolts. IFOR Occasional Paper 42, Centre for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia.
Zerner, C. (1994) Through a green lens: the construction of customary environmental law and community in Indonesia's Maluku Islands. Law and Society Review, 28, 10791122.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Oryx
  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed