Alava, M.N.R., Dolumbaló, E.R.Z., Arnel, A., Yaptinchay, A.A. & Trono, R.B. (2002) Fishery and trade of whale sharks and manta rays in the Bohol Sea, Philippines. In Elasmobranch Biodiversity, Conservation and Management. Proceedings of the International Seminar and Workshop, Sabah, Malaysia, July 1997 (eds Fowler, S.L., Reed, T.M. & Dipper, F.A.). . IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
Anderson, R.C. & Ahmed, H. (1993) Shark Fisheries of the Maldives. Ministry of Fisheries and Agriculture, Male, Maldives and FAO, Rome, Italy.
Arnason, A.N. & Mills, K.H. (1981) Bias and loss of precision due to tag loss in Jolly-Seber estimates for mark–recapture experiments. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 38, 1077–1095.
Arzoumanian, Z., Holmberg, J. & Norman, B. (2005) An astronomical pattern-matching algorithm for computer-aided identification of whale sharks Rhincodon typus. Journal of Applied Ecology, 42, 999–1011.
Baird, R.W. (2001) Status of killer whales, Orcinus orca, in Canada. Canadian Field-Naturalist, 115, 676–701.
Barrett-Lennard, L.G. & Ellis, G.M. (2001) Population Structure and Genetic Variability in North-eastern Pacific Killer Whales: Towards an Assessment of Population Viability. . Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Nanaimo, Canada.
Boulon, R.H. Jr (1994) Growth rates of wild juvenile hawksbill turtles, Eretmochelys imbricata, in St Thomas, United States Virgin Islands. Copeia, 1994, 811–814.
Bradshaw, C.J.A., Barker, R.J., Harcourt, R.G. & Davis, L.S. (2003) Estimating survival and capture probability of fur seal pups using multi-state mark–recapture models. Journal of Mammalogy, 84, 65–80.
Bradshaw, C.J.A., Fitzpatrick, B.M., Steinberg, C.C., Brook, B.W. & Meekan, M.G. (2008) Decline in whale shark size and abundance at Ningaloo Reef over the past decade: the world's largest fish is getting smaller. Biological Conservation, 141, 1894–1905.
Bradshaw, C.J.A., Mollet, H.F. & Meekan, M.G. (2007) Inferring population trends for the world's largest fish from mark–recapture estimates of survival. Journal of Animal Ecology, 76, 480–489.
Cliff, G., Anderson-Reade, M.D., Aitken, A.P., Charter, G.E. & Peddemors, V.M. (2007) Aerial census of whale sharks on the northern KwaZulu-Natal coast, South Africa. Fisheries Research, 84, 41–46.
Cormack, R.M. (1964) Estimates of survival from the sighting of marked animals. Biometrika, 51, 429–438.
Diefenbach, D.R. & Alt, G.L. (1998) Modelling and evaluation of ear tag loss in black bears. Journal of Wildlife Managment, 62, 1292–1300.
Eckert, S., Dolar, L., Kooyman, G., Perin, W. & Rahman, A. (2002) Movements of whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) in South East Asian waters as determined by satellite telemetry. Journal of Zoology, 257, 111–115.
Eckert, S. & Stewart, B. (2001) Telemetry and satellite tracking of whale sharks, Rhincodon typus, in the Sea of Cortez, Mexico, and north Pacific Ocean. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 60, 299–308.
Graham, R. & Roberts, C.M. (2007) Assessing the size, growth rate and structure of a seasonal population of whale sharks (Rhincodon typus Smith 1828) using conventional tagging and photo identification. Fisheries Research, 84, 71–80.
Hanfee, F. (2001) Trade in Whale Shark and its Products in the Coastal State of Gujarat, India. TRAFFIC India, New Delhi, India.
Holmberg, J., Norman, B.M. & Arzoumanian, Z. (2008) Robust comparable population metrics through collaborative photo-monitoring of whale sharks Rhincodon typus. Ecological Applications, 18, 222–233.
IUCN (2008) 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. Http://www.iucnredlist.org/ [accessed 29 September 2008].
Jolly, G.M. (1965) Explicit estimates from capture–recapture data with both death and immigration-stochastic model. Biometrika, 52, 225–247.
Lionnet, G. (1984) Observations D'histoire Naturelle Faits aux Seychelles en 1768 au cours de l'expédition Marion Dufresne. National Archives, Victoria, Mahe, Seychelles.
Meekan, M.G., Bradshaw, C.J.A., Press, M., McLean, C., Richards, A., Ouasnichka, S. & Taylor, J.A. (2006) Population size and structure of whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) at Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 319, 275–285.
Nietschmann, B. (1981) Following the underwater tail of vanishing species—the hawksbill turtle. National Geographic Society Research Report, 13, 459–480.
Otis, D.L., Burnham, K.P. & White, G.C. (1978) Statistical inference for capture data on closed animal populations. Wildlife Monographs, 62, 1–135.
Pine, R., Alava, M.N.R. & Yaptinchay, A.A. (2007) Challenges and lessons learned in setting-up a community-based whale shark eco-tourism program: the case in Donsol, Philippines. In First International Whale Shark Conference: Promoting International Collaboration in Whale Shark Conservation, Science and Management. Conference Overview, Abstracts and Supplementary Proceedings (eds Irvine, T.R. & Keesing, J.K.), pp. 36–44. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Wembley, Australia.
Pollock, K.H. (1991) Modeling capture, recapture, and removal statistics for estimation of demographic parameters for fish and wildlife populations: past, present and future. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 86, 225–238.
Pollock, K.H., Nichols, J.D., Brownie, C. & Hines, J.E. (1990) Statistical inference for capture–recapture experiments. Wildlife Monographs, 107, 1–97.
R Development core team (2007) R. Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.
Rowat, D. & Gore, M. (2007) Regional scale horizontal and local scale vertical movements of whale sharks in the Indian Ocean off Seychelles. Fisheries Research, 84, 32–40.
Rowat, D., Gore, M., Meekan, M.G., Lawler, I.R. & Bradshaw, C.J. (2009) Aerial survey as a tool to estimate whale shark abundance trends. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 368, 1–8.
Schwarz, C.J. & Arnason, A.N. (1966) A general methodology for the analysis of capture–recapture experiments in open populations. Biometrics, 52, 860–873.
Seber, G.A.F. (1965) A note on the multiple recapture census. Biometrika, 52, 249–259.
Seber, G.A.F. (1982) The Estimation of Animal Abundance and Related Parameters. Charles Griffin, London, UK.
Smith, A. (1829) Contributions to the natural history of South Africa. Zoology Journal, 16, 443–444.
Stobo, W.T. & Horne, J.K. (1994) Tag loss in grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) and potential effects on population estimates. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 72, 555–561.
Theberge, M.M. & Dearden, P. (2006) Detecting a decline in whale shark Rhincodon typus sightings in the Andaman Sea, Thailand, using ecotourist operator-collected data. Oryx, 40, 337–342.
van Dam, R.P. & Diez, C.E. (1998) Home range of immature hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) at two Caribbean islands. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 220, 15–24.
Van Tienhoven, A.M., Den Hartog, J.E., Reijns, R. & Peddemors, V.M. (2007) A computer-aided program for pattern-matching of natural marks of the spotted raggedtooth shark Carcharias taurus (Rafinesque, 1810). Journal of Applied Ecology, 44, 273–280.
White, G.C. & Burnham, K.P. (1999) Program MARK: survival estimation from populations of marked animals. Bird Study, 46, 120–138.
Wilson, S.G., Polovina, J.J., Stewart, B.S. & Meekan, M.G. (2006) Movements of whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) tagged at Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia. Marine Biology, 148, 1157–1166.