Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Population status and identification of potential habitats for the conservation of the Endangered black howler monkey Alouatta pigra in northern Chiapas, Mexico

  • Yadira M. Bonilla-Sánchez (a1), Juan Carlos Serio-Silva (a2), Gilberto Pozo-Montuy (a1) and Nora Bynum (a3)
Abstract
Abstract

In the Mexican state of Chiapas the rainforest has been cleared, to make way for crops and extensive cattle ranching, at an annual rate of 12.4% since 2002. The conservation status of the Endangered black howler monkey Alouatta pigra in these fragmented landscapes in north-eastern Chiapas has not previously been examined. We therefore surveyed A. pigra populations in the municipality of Playas de Catazajá during 2004–2006 to obtain population and habitat data for this species in 115 fragments of remnant vegetation. A geographical information system was used to determine the variables (fragment size, and distances to the nearest fragment, human settlement and water body) that could be used to generate an index of habitat potential for A. pigra. We estimated a population of 659 individuals and a mean troop size of 5.0 ± SE 2.3. The adult male : female ratio was 1 : 1.4, the adult female : juvenile ratio 1 : 0.6 and adult female : immature ratio 1 : 0.8. The index of habitat potential indicates that 12% of the fragments have a high conservation potential for A. pigra. This index is a valuable tool for evaluating the conservation status of this species and its habitat, and can be expanded to include additional variables, thus allowing for a more comprehensive assessment.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Departamento de Biodiversidad y Ecología Animal, Instituto de Ecología, AC, Apartado Postal 63, Xalapa, Veracruz 91000, Mexico. E-mail juan.serio@inecol.edu.mx
References
Hide All
Anzures-Dadda A. & Manson R.H. (2007) Patch-and landscape-scale effects on howler monkey distribution and abundance in rainforest fragments. Animal Conservation, 10, 6976.
Ascencio N., Arroyo-Rodríguez V., Dunn C.J. & Azkarate C.J. (2009) Conservation value of landscape supplementation for howler monkeys living in forest patches. Biotropica, 46, 768773.
Berovides-Álvarez V. (2000) Método de valoración de la fauna para el ecoturismo. Biología, 14, 108113.
Bonilla-Moheno M. (2002) Prevalencia de parásitos gastroentéricos en primates Alouatta pigra y Ateles geoffroyi yucatanensis localizados en zonas conservadas y fragmentadas del estado de Quintana Roo, Mexico. BSc thesis, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico, Mexico DF, Mexico.
Bonilla-Sánchez Y.M. (2006) Evaluación de la distribución y abundancia del mono aullador negro (Alouatta pigra) identificando áreas potenciales para ecoturismo y conservación en Playas de Catazajá, Chiapas. MSc thesis, Instituto de Ecología AC, Xalapa, Mexico.
Cayuela L. (2006). Deforestación y fragmentación de bosques tropicales montanos en los Altos de Chiapas, Mexico. Efectos sobre la diversidad de árboles. Ecosistemas, 15, 192198.
Challenger A. (1998) Utilización y conservación de los ecosistemas terrestres de Mexico. CONABIO, Instituto de Biología, Sierra Madre, Mexico.
CITES (2009) The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, The Species. Http://www.cites.org/eng/disc/number_species.pdf [accessed 5 June 2009].
CONAP (2001) Listado de especies de fauna silvestre amenazada de extinción (Lista Roja de Fauna). Resolución Secretaria del CONAP ALC/032-99. Documento de Políticas y Normativos No. 10. CONAP-IDEADS, PROARCA-CAPAS, Guatemala.
CONANP (2008) Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas. Http://www.conanp.gob.mx [accessed 11 June 2008].
Escobedo-Morales L. (2005) Estimación de la viabilidad metapoblacional del mono aullador en un paisaje altamente fragmentado en los Tuxtlas Veracruz, Mexico. MSc thesis, Instituto de Ecología AC, Xalapa, Mexico.
Estrada A., Castellanos L., García Y., Franco B., Muñoz D., Ibarra A. et al. (2002a) Survey of the black howler monkey (Alouatta pigra) population at the Mayan site of Palenque, Chiapas, Mexico. Primates, 44, 5158.
Estrada A. & Coates-Estrada R. (1996) Tropical rain forest fragmentation and wild populations of primates at Los Tuxtlas, Mexico. International Journal of Primatology, 17, 759783.
Estrada A., Luecke L., Van Belle S., Barreta E. & Rosales-Meda M. (2004) Survey of black howler (Alouatta pigra) and spider (Ateles geoffroyi) monkeys in the Mayan sites of Calakmul and Yaxchilán, Mexico and Tikal, Guatemala. Primates, 45, 3339.
Estrada A., Mendoza A., Castellano L., Pacheco R., Van Belle S., García Y. & Muñoz D. (2002b) Population of the black howler monkey (Alouatta pigra) in a fragmented landscape in Palenque, Chiapas, Mexico. American Journal of Primatology, 58, 4555.
Goldsmith M. (2001) Effects of ecotourism on the behavioral ecology of Bwindi gorillas, Uganda: preliminary results. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 30, 161.
Gonzalez-Kirchner J.P. (1998) Group size and population density of the black howler monkey (Alouatta pigra) in Muchukux forest, Quintana Roo, Mexico. Folia Primatologica, 69, 260265.
Grossberg R., Treves A. & Naughton-Treves L. (2003) The incidental ecotourist: measuring visitor impacts on endangered howler monkeys at a Belizean archaeological site. Environmental Conservation, 30, 4051.
Horwich R. (1998) Effective solutions for howler conservation. International Journal of Primatology, 19, 579598.
Horwich R.H., Brockett R.C., James R.A. & Jones C.B. (2001) Population growth in the Belizean black howler monkey (Alouatta pigra). Neotropical Primates, 9, 17.
Horwich R.H. & Lyon J. (1998) A Belizean Rain Forest. The Community Baboon Sanctuary. Orang-utan Press, Gays Mills, Wisconsin, USA.
IUCN (2008) 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. Http://www.iucnredlist.org [accessed 30 April 2009].
Marsh L. (2003) Primates in fragments. In Primates in Fragments: Ecology and Conservation (ed. Marsh L.K.), pp. 67. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, USA.
Martínez-Mota R. (2004) Niveles de cortisol fecal en monos aulladores negros (Alouatta pigra) en dos tipos de hábitat en el sur de Mexico. MSc thesis, Instituto de Ecología AC, Xalapa, Mexico.
Martínez-Mota R., Valdespino C., Sánchez-Ramos M.A. & Serio-Silva J.C. (2007) Effects of forest fragmentation on the physiological stress response of black howler monkeys. Animal Conservation, 10, 374379.
NOM-059-SEMARNAT (2001) Norma Ecológica Mexicana; Protección ambiental-Especies nativas de Mexico de flora y fauna silvestres-Categorías de riesgo y especificaciones para su inclusión, exclusión o cambio-Lista de especies en riesgo. D.F., Mexico.
Ostro L.E.T., Silver S., Koontz F.W., Horwich R. & Brockett R. (2001) Shifts in social structure of black howler (Alouatta pigra) groups associated with natural and experimental variation in population density. International Journal of Primatology, 22, 733748.
Pavelka M.S.M. (2003) Group, range, and population size of Alouatta pigra at Monkey River, Belize. Neotropical Primates, 11, 187191.
Pavelka M.S.M., Brusselers O., Nowak D. & Behie A.M. (2003) Population reduction and social disorganization in Alouatta pigra following a hurricane. International Journal of Primatology, 24, 10371055.
Pennington T.D. & Sarukhán J. (1998) Árboles Tropicales de Mexico. Manual para la identificación de las principales especies. Ediciones Científicas Universitarias, Serie Texto Científico Universitario, Universidad Autónoma de Mexico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, D.F., Mexico.
Pozo-Montuy G. & Serio-Silva J.C. (2007) Movement and resource use by a group of Alouatta pigra in a forest fragment in Balancán, Mexico. Primates, 48, 102107.
Pozo-Montuy G., Serio-Silva J.C., Bonilla-Sánchez Y.M., Bynum N. & Landgrave R. (2008) Current status of the habitat and population of the black howler monkey (Alouatta pigra) in Balancán, Tabasco, Mexico. American Journal of Primatology, 70, 18.
Rodríguez-Toledo E.M., Mandujano S. & García-Orduña F. (2003) Relationships between forest fragments and howler monkeys (Alouatta palliata mexicana) in southern Veracruz, Mexico. In Primates in Fragments: Ecology and Conservation (ed. Marsh L.K.), pp. 7997. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, USA.
Rosales-Meda M., Estrada A. & Lopez E.J. (2007) Demographic survey of black howler monkey (Alouatta pigra) in the Lachuá Eco-Region in AltaVerapaz, Guatemala. American Journal of Primatology, 69, 19.
Serio-Silva J.C. (2006) Las Islas de los Changos (The Monkey Islands): the economic impact of ecotourism in the region of Los Tuxtlas, Veracruz, Mexico. American Journal of Primatology, 68, 18.
Serio-Silva J.C., Rico-Gray V. & Ramos-Fernández G. (2006) Mapping primate populations in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico: a first assessment. In New Perspectives in the Study of Mesoamerican Primates: Distribution, Ecology, Behavior and Conservation (eds Estrada A., Garber P.A., Pavelka M.S.M. & Leucke L.G.), pp. 513538. Springer Press, New York, USA.
Stoner K. (1996) Prevalence and intensity of intestinal parasites in mantled howling monkeys (Alouatta palliata) in north-eastern Costa Rica; implications for conservation biology. Conservation Biology, 10, 539546.
Stuart M.D., Greenspan L.L., Glander K.E. & Clarke M. (1990) A coprological survey of parasites of wild mantled howling monkeys, Alouatta palliata palliata. Journal of Wildlife Disease, 26, 547549.
Van Belle S. & Estrada A. (2005) Cambios demográficos en poblaciones del mono aullador negro (Alouatta pigra) como consecuencia de la fragmentación del hábitat. Universidad y Ciencia, Número especial II.
Watts E. & Rico-Gray V. (1987) Los primates de la península de Yucatán, Mexico: estudio preliminar sobre su distribución actual y estado de conservación. Biotica, 12, 5766.
WPA (2000) Wildlife Protection Act. Belize Government. Http://www.belizelaw.org/lawadmin/index2.html [accessed 13 June 2009].
Zunino G., Kowalevsky M., Oklander L.I. & Gonzalez V. (2007) Habitat fragmentation and population size of the black and gold howler monkey (Alouatta caraya) in a semi-deciduous forest in Northern Argentina. American Journal of Primatology, 69, 966975.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Oryx
  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 2
Total number of PDF views: 46 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 183 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th January 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.