Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The potential role of safari hunting as a source of revenue for protected areas in the Congo Basin

  • David S. Wilkie and Julia F. Carpenter (a1)

Abstract

In sub-Saharan Africa conservation of biodiversity is increasingly predicated on finding ways to ensure that the economic value of maintaining a landscape in its ‘natural’ state meets or exceeds the expected returns from converting the area to an alternative land use, such as agriculture. ‘Wildlands’ in Africa must generate, directly or from donor contributions, funds sufficient to cover both the operating costs of conservation, and the opportunity costs of forgoing other forms of resource use. Government and donor investments currently meet less than 30 per cent of the estimated recurring costs required to manage the protected-area network within central African countries effectively, and cover none of the growing opportunity costs incurred to maintain protected areas. Unfortunately, few additional sources of funding are available.

Copyright

Corresponding author

18 Clark Lane, Waltham, MA 02451–1823, USA. Tel: +1 781 894 9605; fax: +1 617 552 0523; e-mail: dwilkie@msn.com

References

Hide All
Ashley, C., Barnes, J. & Healy, T. (1994) Profits, Equity, Growth and Sustainability: The Potential Role of Wildlife Enterprises in Caprivi and other Communal Areas of Namibia. Research Discussion Paper No. 2. Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Windhoek, Namibia.
Balakrishnan, M. & Ndhlovu, D.E. (1992) Wildlife utilization and local people: a case-study in the Upper Lupande Game Management Area, Zambia. Environmental Conservation, 19, 135144.
Barnes, J.I. & de Jager, J.L.V. (1996) Economic and financial incentives for wildlife use on private land in Namibia and the implications for policy. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 26, 3746.
Bojo, J. (1996) The Economics of Wildlife: Case Studies from Ghana, Kenya, Namibia, and Zimbabwe. World Bank, Washington, DC.
Campbell, B., Butler, J.R.A., Mapaure, I., Vermeulen, S.J. & Mashove, P. (1996) Elephant damage and safari hunting in Pterocarpus angolensis woodland in northwestern Matabeleland, Zimbabwe. African Journal of Ecology, 34, 380388.
Child, B. (1996a) The practice and principles of community-based wildlife management in Zimbabwe: the CAMPFIRE programme. Biodiversity and Conservation, 5, 369398.
Child, B. (1997) Conservation beyond Yellowstone: an economic framework for wildlife conservation. In African Wildlife Policy Consultation: Final Report of the Consultation, pp. 5561. Overseas Development Administration, Sunningdale Park, UK.
Child, B., Ward, S. & Tavengwa, T. (1997) Zimbabwe's CAMPFIRE Programme: Natural Resource Management by the People. IUCN–ROSA, Harare.
Child, G. (1996b) The role of community-based wild resource management in Zimbabwe. Biodiversity and Conservation, 5, 355367.
Crowe, T.M., Smith, B.S., Little, R.M. & High, S.H. (1997) Sustainable utilization of game at Rooipoort estate, northern Cape province, South Africa. In Harvesting Wild Species: Implications for Biodiversity Conservation (ed. Freese, C. H.), pp. 359392. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
Cumming, D.H.M. (1991) Developments in game ranching and wildlife utilisation in east and southern Africa. In Wildlife Production: Conservation and Sustainable Development (eds Renecker, L. A. and Hudson, R. J.), pp. 96108. University of Alaska, Fairbanks.
DeGeorges, A. (1994) Preliminary Discussions Leading to Development of an Elephant Conservation Program between the Cameroonian Ministry of Environment and Forests and Safari Club International. Safari Club International, Tucson, USA.
Elkan, P.W. Jr (1994) A Preliminary Survey of Bongo Antelope and Assessment of Safari Hunting in the Lobéké region of southeastern Cameroon. Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx.
Freese, C.H. (1996) The Commercial, Consumptive Use of Wild Species: Managing it for the Benefit of Biodiversity. World Wildlife Fund, Washington, DC.
Freese, C.H. (1997) Harvesting Wild Species: Implications for Biodiversity Conservation. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
Geist, V. (1988) How markets for wildlife meat and parts, and the sale of hunting privileges, jeopardize wildlife conservation. Conservation Biology, 2, 1526.
Hennig, R. (1987) The development of game and hunting management in South West Africa/Namibia. Zeitschrift fur Jagdwissenschaft, 33, 248267.
Hosking, S. (1996) Official statistics on the income generated by the hunting industry in South Africa. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 26, 103106.
Jones, B.T.B. (1995) Wildlife Management, Utilization and Tourism in Communal Areas: Benefits to Communities and Improved Resource Management. Research Discussion Paper Number 5. Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Windhoek, Namibia.
A, Kiss (ed.) (1990) Living with Wildlife: Wildlife Resource Management with Local Participation in Africa. Technical Paper No. 130. World Bank, Washington, DC.
Kock, R.A. (1995) Wildlife utilization: use it or lose it—a Kenyan perspective. Biodiversity and Conservation, 4, 241256.
Kreuter, U.P. & Workman, J.P. (1994) Costs of overstocking on cattle and wildlife ranches in Zimbabwe. Ecological Economics, 11, 237248.
Leader-Williams, N., Kayera, J.A. & Overton, G.L. (1996) Tourism Hunting in Tanzania. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
Lewis, D.M. & Alpert, P. (1997) Trophy hunting and wildlife conservation in Zambia. Conservation Biology, 11, 5968.
Mackenzie, J.M. (1987) Chivalry, social Darwinism and ritualised killing: the hunting ethos in Central Africa up to 1914. In Conservation in Africa: People, Policies and Practice (eds Anderson, D. and Grove, R.), pp. 4161. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
MacNab, J. (1991) Does game cropping serve conservation? A rexamination of the Africa data. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 69, 22832290.
National Parks and Wildlife Service (1998) Achieving ADMADE Sustainability: 4th Quarter 1998 Progress Report to USAID/Zambia. Ministry of Tourism, Nyamaluma, Zambia.
Taylor, R.D. (1991) Socio-economic aspects of meat production from impala harvested in Zimbabwean communal land. In Wildlife Production: Conservation and Sustainable Development (eds Renecker, L. A. and Hudson, R. J.), pp. 182193. University of Alaska, Fairbanks.
WCS (1996) The Lobéké Forest, southeast Cameroon: Summary of Activities: 1988–95. Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx.
WCS (1998) Congo Forest Conservation Project. Final report USAID grant number: 679-0008-G-00-1384-00. Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx.
Wilkie, D.S. & Carpenter, J.F. (1999). Can nature tourism help finance protected areas in the Congo Basin? Oryx 33, 332338.
Young, T.P. (1994) Natural die-offs of large mammals: implications for conservation. Conservation Biology, 8, 410418.

Keywords

The potential role of safari hunting as a source of revenue for protected areas in the Congo Basin

  • David S. Wilkie and Julia F. Carpenter (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed