Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-684899dbb8-8hm5d Total loading time: 0.333 Render date: 2022-05-21T03:16:53.480Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true }

Article contents

The potential role of safari hunting as a source of revenue for protected areas in the Congo Basin

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  24 April 2009

Julia F. Carpenter
Affiliation:
68 High Street, Winchester, MA 01890, USA. Tel.: + 1 781 729 6078; e-mail: jcarpent1@ix.netcom.com
Rights & Permissions[Opens in a new window]

Abstract

HTML view is not available for this content. However, as you have access to this content, a full PDF is available via the ‘Save PDF’ action button.

In sub-Saharan Africa conservation of biodiversity is increasingly predicated on finding ways to ensure that the economic value of maintaining a landscape in its ‘natural’ state meets or exceeds the expected returns from converting the area to an alternative land use, such as agriculture. ‘Wildlands’ in Africa must generate, directly or from donor contributions, funds sufficient to cover both the operating costs of conservation, and the opportunity costs of forgoing other forms of resource use. Government and donor investments currently meet less than 30 per cent of the estimated recurring costs required to manage the protected-area network within central African countries effectively, and cover none of the growing opportunity costs incurred to maintain protected areas. Unfortunately, few additional sources of funding are available.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Fauna and Flora International 1999

References

Ashley, C., Barnes, J. & Healy, T. (1994) Profits, Equity, Growth and Sustainability: The Potential Role of Wildlife Enterprises in Caprivi and other Communal Areas of Namibia. Research Discussion Paper No. 2. Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Windhoek, Namibia.Google Scholar
Balakrishnan, M. & Ndhlovu, D.E. (1992) Wildlife utilization and local people: a case-study in the Upper Lupande Game Management Area, Zambia. Environmental Conservation, 19, 135144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barnes, J.I. & de Jager, J.L.V. (1996) Economic and financial incentives for wildlife use on private land in Namibia and the implications for policy. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 26, 3746.Google Scholar
Bojo, J. (1996) The Economics of Wildlife: Case Studies from Ghana, Kenya, Namibia, and Zimbabwe. World Bank, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
Campbell, B., Butler, J.R.A., Mapaure, I., Vermeulen, S.J. & Mashove, P. (1996) Elephant damage and safari hunting in Pterocarpus angolensis woodland in northwestern Matabeleland, Zimbabwe. African Journal of Ecology, 34, 380388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Child, B. (1996a) The practice and principles of community-based wildlife management in Zimbabwe: the CAMPFIRE programme. Biodiversity and Conservation, 5, 369398.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Child, B. (1997) Conservation beyond Yellowstone: an economic framework for wildlife conservation. In African Wildlife Policy Consultation: Final Report of the Consultation, pp. 5561. Overseas Development Administration, Sunningdale Park, UK.Google Scholar
Child, B., Ward, S. & Tavengwa, T. (1997) Zimbabwe's CAMPFIRE Programme: Natural Resource Management by the People. IUCN–ROSA, Harare.Google Scholar
Child, G. (1996b) The role of community-based wild resource management in Zimbabwe. Biodiversity and Conservation, 5, 355367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crowe, T.M., Smith, B.S., Little, R.M. & High, S.H. (1997) Sustainable utilization of game at Rooipoort estate, northern Cape province, South Africa. In Harvesting Wild Species: Implications for Biodiversity Conservation (ed. Freese, C. H.), pp. 359392. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.Google Scholar
Cumming, D.H.M. (1991) Developments in game ranching and wildlife utilisation in east and southern Africa. In Wildlife Production: Conservation and Sustainable Development (eds Renecker, L. A. and Hudson, R. J.), pp. 96108. University of Alaska, Fairbanks.Google Scholar
DeGeorges, A. (1994) Preliminary Discussions Leading to Development of an Elephant Conservation Program between the Cameroonian Ministry of Environment and Forests and Safari Club International. Safari Club International, Tucson, USA.Google Scholar
Elkan, P.W. Jr (1994) A Preliminary Survey of Bongo Antelope and Assessment of Safari Hunting in the Lobéké region of southeastern Cameroon. Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx.Google Scholar
Freese, C.H. (1996) The Commercial, Consumptive Use of Wild Species: Managing it for the Benefit of Biodiversity. World Wildlife Fund, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
Freese, C.H. (1997) Harvesting Wild Species: Implications for Biodiversity Conservation. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.Google Scholar
Geist, V. (1988) How markets for wildlife meat and parts, and the sale of hunting privileges, jeopardize wildlife conservation. Conservation Biology, 2, 1526.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hennig, R. (1987) The development of game and hunting management in South West Africa/Namibia. Zeitschrift fur Jagdwissenschaft, 33, 248267.Google Scholar
Hosking, S. (1996) Official statistics on the income generated by the hunting industry in South Africa. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 26, 103106.Google Scholar
Jones, B.T.B. (1995) Wildlife Management, Utilization and Tourism in Communal Areas: Benefits to Communities and Improved Resource Management. Research Discussion Paper Number 5. Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Windhoek, Namibia.Google Scholar
A, Kiss (ed.) (1990) Living with Wildlife: Wildlife Resource Management with Local Participation in Africa. Technical Paper No. 130. World Bank, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
Kock, R.A. (1995) Wildlife utilization: use it or lose it—a Kenyan perspective. Biodiversity and Conservation, 4, 241256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kreuter, U.P. & Workman, J.P. (1994) Costs of overstocking on cattle and wildlife ranches in Zimbabwe. Ecological Economics, 11, 237248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Leader-Williams, N., Kayera, J.A. & Overton, G.L. (1996) Tourism Hunting in Tanzania. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.Google Scholar
Lewis, D.M. & Alpert, P. (1997) Trophy hunting and wildlife conservation in Zambia. Conservation Biology, 11, 5968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mackenzie, J.M. (1987) Chivalry, social Darwinism and ritualised killing: the hunting ethos in Central Africa up to 1914. In Conservation in Africa: People, Policies and Practice (eds Anderson, D. and Grove, R.), pp. 4161. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
MacNab, J. (1991) Does game cropping serve conservation? A rexamination of the Africa data. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 69, 22832290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
National Parks and Wildlife Service (1998) Achieving ADMADE Sustainability: 4th Quarter 1998 Progress Report to USAID/Zambia. Ministry of Tourism, Nyamaluma, Zambia.Google Scholar
Taylor, R.D. (1991) Socio-economic aspects of meat production from impala harvested in Zimbabwean communal land. In Wildlife Production: Conservation and Sustainable Development (eds Renecker, L. A. and Hudson, R. J.), pp. 182193. University of Alaska, Fairbanks.Google Scholar
WCS (1996) The Lobéké Forest, southeast Cameroon: Summary of Activities: 1988–95. Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx.Google Scholar
WCS (1998) Congo Forest Conservation Project. Final report USAID grant number: 679-0008-G-00-1384-00. Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx.Google Scholar
Wilkie, D.S. & Carpenter, J.F. (1999). Can nature tourism help finance protected areas in the Congo Basin? Oryx 33, 332338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Young, T.P. (1994) Natural die-offs of large mammals: implications for conservation. Conservation Biology, 8, 410418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
You have Access
10
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

The potential role of safari hunting as a source of revenue for protected areas in the Congo Basin
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

The potential role of safari hunting as a source of revenue for protected areas in the Congo Basin
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

The potential role of safari hunting as a source of revenue for protected areas in the Congo Basin
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *