Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Rescuing Magnolia sinica (Magnoliaceae), a Critically Endangered species endemic to Yunnan, China

  • Bin Wang (a1), Yongpeng Ma (a1), Gao Chen (a1), Congren Li (a1), Zhiling Dao (a1) and Weibang Sun (a1)...
Abstract

Magnolia sinica, a Critically Endangered tree endemic to Yunnan, China, is one of the 20 plant species with extremely small populations approved by the Yunnan government for urgent rescue action before 2015. Information on the geographical distribution and population size of this species had not previously been reported, hindering effective conservation. We therefore carried out a survey of the literature and of herbarium specimens, followed by a detailed field survey and morphological measurements and observations of surviving individuals. We located 52 individuals in the wild, in eight localities. Two distinguishing morphological characters (tepal colour and tepal number) were revised based on observations of all remaining wild individuals that produced flowers and on one 30-year-old flowering plant in Kunming Botanical Garden. The survival rate of individuals propagated from seed for ex situ conservation at the Garden was 100% over 5 years; of 100 individuals transplanted to each of two reinforcement sites, 20 and 18, respectively, were alive after 6 years. We propose two groups of measures to protect M. sinica: (1) in situ conservation, population monitoring, and public engagement, and (2) ex situ conservation with reinforcement or reintroduction.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Rescuing Magnolia sinica (Magnoliaceae), a Critically Endangered species endemic to Yunnan, China
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Rescuing Magnolia sinica (Magnoliaceae), a Critically Endangered species endemic to Yunnan, China
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Rescuing Magnolia sinica (Magnoliaceae), a Critically Endangered species endemic to Yunnan, China
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
(Corresponding author) E-mail daozhl@mail.kib.ac.cn
(Corresponding author) E-mail wbsun@mail.kib.ac.cn
References
Hide All
Chambers, R. (1994) The origins and practice of participatory rural appraisal. World Development, 22, 953969.
Chambers, R. (2007) From PRA to PLA and Pluralism: Practice and Theory. Working Paper 286. Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, UK.
Cicuzza, D., Newton, A. & Oldfield, S. (2007) The Red List of Magnoliaceae. Fauna & Flora International, Cambridge, UK.
Law, Y.W. (1979) A new genus of Magnoliaceae from China. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica, 17, 7274.
Law, Y.W. (1996) Magnoliaceae. In Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae, pp. 106108. Science Press, Beijing, China.
Law, Y.W. (2006) Magnoliaceae. In Flora Yunnanica, pp. 1416. Science Press, Beijing, China.
Law, Y.W., Zhou, R.Z. & Zeng, Q.W. (1997) Ex-situ conservation of Magnoliaceae including its rare and endangered species. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany, 5, 112.
Ma, Y.P., Chen, G., Grumbine, R.E., Dao, Z.L., Sun, W.B. & Guo, H.J. (2013) Conserving plant species with extremely small populations (PSESP) in China. Biodiversity and Conservation, 22, 803809.
Ren, H., Jian, S.G., Chen, Y.J., Liu, H., Zhang, Q.M., Liu, N. et al. (2014) Distribution, status, and conservation of Camellia changii Ye (Theaceae), a Critically Endangered plant endemic to southern China. Oryx, 48, 358360.
Ren, H., Zhang, Q.M., Lu, H.F., Liu, H.X., Guo, Q.F., Wang, J. et al. (2012) Wild plant species with extremely small populations require conservation and reintroduction in China. Ambio, 41, 913917.
Shen, S.K., Wang, Y.H., Zhang, A.L., Wu, F.Q., Jiang, L.J. & Jiang, L.N. (2013) Conservation and reintroduction of a Critically Endangered plant Euryodendron excelsum . Oryx, 47, 1318.
State Forestry Administration of China (2012) The Saving and Conservation Program on Extremely Small Populations in China. Unpublished report. State Forestry Administration of China, China. [In Chinese]
Sun, W.B., Zhou, Y., Li, X.Y., Yang, H.B. & Tao, P.Y. (2012) Population reinforcing program for Magnolia sinica, a critically endangered endemic tree in southeast Yunnan province, China. In Plant Reintroduction in a Changing Climate (eds Maschinski, J. & Haskins, K.E.), pp. 6569. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Upjohn, M.M., Attwood, G.A., Lerotholi, T., Pfeiffer, D.U. & Verheyen, K.L.P. (2013) Quantitative versus qualitative approaches: a comparison of two research methods applied to identification of key health issues for working horses in Lesotho. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 108, 313320.
Wang, S. & Xie, Y. (2004) China Species Red List. Volume 1. Higher Education Press, Beijing, China.
Xia, N.H., Liu, Y.H. & Nooteboom, H.P. (2008) Magnoliaceae. In Flora of China, pp. 4891. Science Press, Beijing, China & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, USA.
Zhang, A.L., Shen, S.K. & Wang, Y.H. (2014) Conservation and reintroduction of the Vulnerable plant Apterosperma oblata in China. Oryx, 48, 170.
Zheng, Y.L., Sun, W.B. & Zhao, X.F. (2008) Seed dormancy and germination of Manglietiastrum sinicum Law, a globally critical endangered plant in China. Plant Physiology Communications, 44, 100102.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Oryx
  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary materials

Wang supplementary material
Wang supplementary material 1

 PDF (312 KB)
312 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 3
Total number of PDF views: 60 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 450 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 25th April 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.