Albins, M.A. & Hixon, M.A. (2008) Invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois volitans reduce recruitment of Atlantic coral-reef fishes. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 367, 233–238.
Ault, J.S., Bohnsack, J.A., Smith, S.G. & Luo, J. (2005) Towards sustainable multispecies ﬁsheries in the Florida, USA, coral reef ecosystem. Bulletin of Marine Science, 76, 595–622.
Ault, J.S., Smith, S.G., Diaz, G.A. & Franklin, E. (2003) Florida Hogfish Fishery Stock Assessment. Final Report Contract No. FFWCC S 7701 617573. Florida Marine Research Institute, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, USA.
Bullock, L.H. & Smith, G.B. (1991) Seabasses (Pisces: Serranidae). Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises, 8, 1–243.
Burton, M.L. (2001) Age, growth, and mortality of gray snapper, Lutjanus griseus, from the east coast of Florida. Fishery Bulletin NOAA, 99, 254–265.
Caro, T. (1998) How do we refocus behavioral ecology to address conservation issues more directly? In Behavioral Ecology and Conservation Biology (ed. Caro, T.), pp. 557–565. Oxford University Press, New York, USA.
Coleman, F.C., Figueira, W.F., Ueland, J.S. & Crowder, L.B. (2004) The impact of United States recreational fisheries on marine fish populations. Science, 305, 1958–60.
Craig, M.T. (2011) Epinephelus itajara. In IUCN Red List of Threatened Species v. 2012.1. Http://www.iucnredlist.org [accessed 10 July 2012].
DeLoach, N. (1999) Reef Fish Behavior: Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas. New World Publications, Jacksonville, USA.
DeMaria, K. (1996) Changes in the Florida Keys Marine Ecosystem Based Upon Interviews with Experienced Residents. The Nature Conservancy Special Report, Key West, USA.
Dudley, S.F.J. & Cliff, G. (2010) Shark control: methods, efficacy and ecological impacts. In Sharks and their Relatives II: Biodiversity, Adaptive Physiology and Conservation (eds Carrier, J.C., Musick, J.A. & Heithaus, M.R.), pp. 567–592. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, USA.
Evers, D.C., Graham, R. T., Perkins, C.R., Michener, R. & Divoll, T. (2009) Mercury concentrations in the Goliath grouper of Belize: an anthropogenic stressor of concern. Endangered Species Research, 7, 249–256.
Fleshler, D. (2011) Success story or pest? The Palm Beach Post, 11 June, 6B.
Frias-Torres, S. (2006) Habitat use by juvenile Goliath grouper, Epinephelus itajara, in the Florida Keys, USA. Endangered Species Research, 2, 1–6.
Gallagher, A.J. & Hammerschlag, N. (2011) Global shark currency: the distribution, frequency, and economic value of shark ecotourism. Current Issues in Tourism, 14, 797–812.
Gerber, L.R., Morissette, L., Kaschner, K. & Pauly, D. (2009) Should whales be culled to increase fishery yield? Science, 323, 880–881.
Haddad, V. & Martins, I.A. (2006) Frequency and gravity of human envenomations caused by marine catfish (suborder Siluroidei): a clinical and epidemiological study. Toxicon, 47, 838–843.
Harrington, J., Awad, B., Kingon, K. & Haskins, A. (2009) Goliath Grouper Study: A Survey Analysis of Dive Shop and Charter Boat Operators in Florida. Final Report. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Http://www.cefa.fsu.edu/Projects/Current-Projects [accessed 10 July 2011].
Heithaus, M. R., Frid, A., Wirsing, A.J. & Worm, B. (2008) Predicting ecological consequences of marine top predator declines. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 23, 202–210.
Heyman, W.D., Carr, L.M. & Lobel, P.S. (2010). Diver ecotourism and disturbance to reef fish spawning aggregations: it is better to be disturbed than to be dead. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 419, 201–210.
Hilborn, R. & Walters, C.J. (1992) Quantitative Fisheries Stock Assessment. Chapman & Hall, New York, USA.
Jackson, J.B.C. (2001) What was natural in the coastal oceans? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 98, 5411–5418.
Jackson, J.B.C., Kirby, M.X., Berger, W.H., Bjorndal, K.A., Botsford, L.W., Bourque, B.J. et al. (2001) Historical overﬁshing and the recent collapse of coastal ecosystems. Science, 293, 629–638.
Johns, G.M., Leeworthy, V.R., Bell, F.W. & Bonn, M.A. (2001) Socio-economic Study of Reefs in Southeast Florida: Final Report. Hazen and Sawyer Environmental Engineers & Scientists, Hollywood, FL, USA.
Kelly, D. (2011) Goliath grouper catches coming? Florida Sportsman, May 2011, 50.
Koenig, C.C. & Coleman., F.C. (2010) Population Density, Demographics, and Predation Effects of Adult Goliath Grouper (October 2006–September 2009). MARFIN Project Final Report. Project NA05NMF4540045. Florida State University Coastal and Marine Laboratory, St. Teresa, USA.
Lalas, C. & Bradshaw, C.J.A. (2001) Folklore and chimerical numbers: Review of a millennium of interaction between fur seals and humans in the New Zealand region. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 35, 477–497.
Lotka, A.J. (1925) Elements of Physical Biology. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, USA.
Malpezzi, E.L.A., De Freitas, J.C. & Rantin, F.T. (1997) Occurrence of toxins, other than paralysing type, in the skin of tetraodontiformes fish. Toxicon, 35, 57–65.
McClenachan, L. (2009) Historical declines of Goliath grouper populations in South Florida, USA. Endangered Species Research, 7, 175–181.
Mintz, J.D., Lipcius, R.N., Eggleston, D.B. & Seebo, M.S. (1994) Survival of juvenile Caribbean spiny lobster: effects of shelter size, geographic location and conspecific abundance. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 112, 255–266.
Morissette, L., Christenson, V. & Pauly, D. (2012) Marine mammal impacts in exploited ecosystems: Would large scale culling benefit fisheries? PLoS ONE, 7(9), e43966.
Mumby, P.J., Harbornei, A.R. & Brumbaugh, D.R. (2011) Grouper as a natural biocontrol of invasive lionfish. PLoS ONE, 6(6), e21510.
Muller, R.G., Sharp, W.C., Matthews, T.R., Bertelsen, R. & Hunt, J.H. (2000) The 2000 update of the stock assessment for spiny lobster, Panulirus argus, in the Florida Keys. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Http://www.sefsc.noaa.gov/sedar/download/2000%20spiny_lobster%20stock%20assessment.pdf?id=DOCUMENT [accessed 10 July 2010].
Myers, R.A. & Worm, B. (2003) Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory ﬁsh communities. Nature, 423, 280–283.
Pace, M.L., Cole, J.J., Carpenter, S.R. & Kitchell, J.F. (1999) Trophic cascades revealed in diverse ecosystems. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 14, 483–488.
Pauly, D. (1995) Anecdotes and the shifting baseline syndrome of fisheries. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 10, 430.
Punt, A. & Butterworth, D. (1995) The effects of future consumption by the Cape fur seal on catches and catch rates of the Cape hakes. 4. Modelling the biological interaction between Cape fur seals Arctocephalus pusillus pusillus and the Cape hakes Merluccius capensis and M. paradoxis. South African Journal of Marine Science, 16, 255–285.
Randall, J.E. (1967) Food habits of reef fishes of the West Indies. Studies in Tropical Oceanography, 5, 665–847.
Sadovy, Y., Cornish, A., Domeier, M., Colin, P.L., Russell, M. & Lindeman, K.C. (2008) A global baseline for spawning aggregations of reef fishes. Conservation Biology, 22, 1233–1244.
Sadovy, Y. & Eklund, A.M. (1999) Synopsis of biological information on the Nassau grouper, Epinephelus striatus (Bloch 1792) and the jewfish, E. itajara (Lichtenstein 1822). NOAA Technical Report NMFS, 146, 1–65.
Sala, E., Ballesteros, E. and Starr, R.M. (2001) Rapid decline of Nassau grouper spawning aggregations in Belize: fishery management and conservation needs. Fisheries, 26, 23–30.
Scheffer, M., Carpenter, S., Foley, J.A., Folke, C. & Walker, B. (2001) Catastrophic shifts in ecosystems. Nature, 413, 591–596.
Sivan, G. (2009) Fish venom: pharmacological features and biological significance. Fish and Fisheries, 10, 159–172.
Smith, C.L. (1971) A revision of the American groupers: Epinephelus and allied genera. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 146, 69–241.
Sokal, R.R. & Rohlf, F.J. (1995) Biometry. 3rd edition. W.H. Freeman and Company, New York, USA.
Volterra, V. (1926) Fluctuations in the abundance of a species considered mathematically. Nature, 118, 558–560.
Yodzis, P. (2001) Must top predators be culled for the sake of fisheries? Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 16, 78–84.