Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Status and conservation of the Endangered snow leopard Panthera uncia in Qomolangma National Nature Reserve, Tibet

  • Pengju Chen (a1), Yufang Gao (a2), Jun Wang (a1), Qiong Pu (a3), Cering Lhaba (a3), Huijian Hu (a4), Jian Xu (a5) and Kun Shi (a1)...
Abstract
Abstract

Little is known about the status of the snow leopard Panthera uncia in Qomolangma National Nature Reserve, located on the northern aspect of Mount Everest in Tibet. To address this, during May–September 2014 we conducted line transects, camera trapping, household interviews, and socioeconomic statistics analysis. We surveyed 14 transects and located 287 putative snow leopard signs, with a mean density of 1.9 sign sites km–1, 3.8 signs km–1, and 1.4 scrapes km–1. We set 41 camera traps and recorded a minimum of seven individual snow leopards. Our results were comparable to snow leopard abundance estimates for neighbouring protected areas in Nepal. Semi-structured interviews with 46 (59%) households found that local people were generally supportive of snow leopard conservation, for a variety of economic, legislative, and religious reasons. The socio-economic situation in the Reserve underwent dramatic changes between 2000 and 2014. The human population increased by 28.9%, the livestock population decreased by 9.9%, the number of tourists in 2014 was 6.8 times greater than in 2005, and the local gross domestic product underwent an annual increase of 15%. We discuss the current threats to snow leopards, and recommend that more rigorous, comprehensive, and interdisciplinary research be undertaken to provide an evidential basis for the formulation of effective conservation policies and programmes.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Status and conservation of the Endangered snow leopard Panthera uncia in Qomolangma National Nature Reserve, Tibet
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Status and conservation of the Endangered snow leopard Panthera uncia in Qomolangma National Nature Reserve, Tibet
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Status and conservation of the Endangered snow leopard Panthera uncia in Qomolangma National Nature Reserve, Tibet
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
(Corresponding author) E-mail kunshi@bjfu.edu.cn
Footnotes
Hide All
*

Also at: Everest Snow Leopard Conservation Center, 19 Shandong Road, Rikaze, Tibet 857000, China

Footnotes
References
Hide All
S.B. Ale , B. Shrestha & R. Jackson (2014) On the status of snow leopard Panthera uncia (Schreber, 1775) in Annapurna, Nepal. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 6, 55345543.

P. Chen , Y. Gao , T.L.A. Lee , L. Cering , K. Shi & G.S. Clark (2016) Human–carnivore coexistence in Qomolangma (Mt. Everest) Nature Reserve, China: patterns and compensation. Biological Conservation, 197, 1826.

J. Li , D. Wang , H. Yin , D. Zhaxi , Z. Jiagong , G.B. Schaller (2014) Role of Tibetan Buddhist monasteries in snow leopard conservation. Conservation Biology, 28, 8794.

M.K. Oli , I.R. Taylor & M.E. Rogers (1994) Snow leopard Panthera uncia predation of livestock: an assessment of local perceptions in the Annapurna Conservation Area, Nepal. Biological Conservation, 68, 6368.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Oryx
  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 6
Total number of PDF views: 67 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 291 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 16th October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.