Skip to main content
×
×
Home

The Vulnerable clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa in Nepal: an update

  • Y. Ghimirey (a1) and R. Acharya (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

The Vulnerable clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa is believed to be one of the most threatened felid species in Nepal. Information on its status and population size in the country mostly comprises crude estimates. We compiled information on the species’ status and distribution from published papers, grey literature, camera-trap images, direct observations, pelt, zoo and museum records, wildlife seizures and verified newspaper reports. All confirmed records of the species (three museum specimens, one dead specimen, 13 live records (including from camera traps), and 14 pelts) were from eastern and mid-central Nepal. Two unconfirmed reports from the western and far-western regions of the country need to be verified. Although the status of the species is still uncertain, the frequency of confirmed and unconfirmed reports and the extent of the area of occurrence indicate that it is not as rare as previously assumed. The main threats to the species are habitat loss and illegal wildlife trade.

Copyright
Corresponding author
(Corresponding author) E-mail yghimirey@hotmail.com
References
Hide All
Austin S.C., Tewes M.E., Grassman L.I. & Silvy N.J. (2007) Ecology and conservation of the leopard cat Prionailurus bengalensis and clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa in Khao Yai National Park, Thailand. Acta Zoologica Sinica, 53, 114.
Barnes L.J. (1989) The Overt Illegal Fur Trade In Kathmandu, Nepal. Report by Inverness Research Associates, Inverness, USA.
Borradaile L., Green M., Moon L., Robinson P. & Tait A. (1977) Langtang National Park Management Plan. HMG/UNDP/FAO, Rome, Italy.
Brodie J. & Giordano A.J. (2012) Density of the Vulnerable Sunda clouded leopard Neofelis diardi in a protected area in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. Oryx, 46, 427430.
Das P. (2008) Towards a regulated Indo-Nepal border. Strategic Analysis, 32, 879900.
Davies G. & Payne J. (1982) A Faunal Survey of Sabah. Unpublished report by WWF Malaysia for the Game Branch, Forest Department, Sabah, Malaysia.
Dinerstein E. & Mehta J.N. (1989) The clouded leopard in Nepal. Oryx, 23, 199201.
DNPWC (Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation) (2012) Api-Nampa Conservation Area Leaflet. Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Ghimirey Y., Acharya R., Adhikary B., Werhahn G. & Appel A. (2013) Clouded leopard camera trapped in Annapurna Conservation Area, Nepal. CAT News, 58, 25.
Ghimirey Y., Acharya R. & Dahal S. (2014) An undocumented record of a clouded leopard captured in Chitwan district, Nepal. CAT News, 60, 2728.
Ghimirey Y., Ghimire B., Pal P., Koirala V., Acharya R., Dahal B.V. & Appel A. (2012) Status of felids in Makalu-Barun National Park, Nepal. CAT News, 56, 2327.
Grassman L., Lynam A., Mohamad S., Duckworth J.W., Bora J., Wilcox D. et al. (2016) Neofelis nebulosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T14519A97215090 [accessed 30 June 2016].
Grassman L.I. Jr, Tewes M.E., Silvy N.J. & Kreetiyutanont K. (2005) Ecology of three sympatric felids in a mixed evergreen forest in north-central Thailand. Journal of Mammology, 86, 2938.
Hodgson B.H. (1853) Felis macrosceloides. In Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London: Plate XXXVIII.
Jnawali S.R., Baral H.S., Lee S., Acharya K.P., Upadhyay G.P., Pandey M. et al. (compilers) (2011) The Status of Nepal's Mammals: The National Red List Series. Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Kitchener A.C., Beaumont M.A. & Richardson D. (2006) Geographical variation in the clouded leopard, Neofelis nebulosa, reveals two species. Current Biology, 16, 23772383.
Lamichhane B.R., Dhakal M., Subedi N. & Pokheral C.P. (2014) Clouded leopard co-exist with other five felids in Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Cat News, 61, 3032.
Mohamad S.W., Rayan D.M., Christopher W.C.T., Hamirul M., Mohamad A., Lau C.F. & Siwan E.S. (2015) The first description of population density and habitat use of the mainland clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa within a logged-primary forest in South East Asia. Population Ecology, 57, 495503.
Niraj S.K. (2009) Sustainable development, poaching, and illegal wildlife trade in India. PhD thesis. The University of Arizona, Tucson, USA.
Nowell K. (2007) Asian Big Cat Conservation and Trade Control in Selected Range States: Evaluating Implementation and Effectiveness of CITES Recommendations. TRAFFIC International, Cambridge, UK.
Nowell K. & Jackson P. (1996) Wild Cats: Status, Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC, Gland, Switzerland.
Onlinekhabar Reporter (2015) Wildlife poacher caught with clouded leoaprd pelt and teeth. Http://www.onlinekhabar.com/2015/01/226212/ [accessed 7 January 2015]. [In Nepali].
Pandey B. (2012) Clouded leopard in Shivapuri-Nagarjuna National Park, Nepal. Cat News, 57, 2425.
Rabinowitz A., Andau P. & Chai P.P.K. (1987) The clouded leopard in Malaysian Borneo. Oryx, 21, 107111.
Rabinowitz A. & Walker S.R. (1991) The carnivore community in a dry tropical forest mosaic in Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary, Thailand. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 7, 3747.
Sanderson J., Khan J.A., Grassman L. & Mallon D.P. (2008) Neofelis nebulosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species v. 2011.2. Http://www.iucnredlist.org [accessed 14 April 2012].
SAWEN (2011) The SAWEN Bulletin, Volume 1. Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Shakya M.M. (2004) Trading for Extinction: An Expose of Illegal Wildlife Trade in Nepal. WordScape, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Shakya M.M., Pringle C. & Murgatroyd C. (1999) CITES Compliance in Nepal. Report submitted to the British Embassy, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Shrestha M.B. (2012) Wildlife Crime Scenario: A Case Study of Kathmandu Valley. Unpublished report. Wildlife Conservation Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Upreti B.N. (1999) An overview of the stratigraphy and tectonics of the Nepal Himalaya. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 17, 577606.
van Gruisen J. & Sinclair T. (1992) Fur Trade in Kathmandu: Implications for India. TRAFFIC India, New Delhi, India.
WCN (Wildlife Conservation Nepal) (2008) Wildlife trade on the rise. Wildlife Conservation Nepal Newsletter, 5, 8.
WCN(Wildlife Conservation Nepal) (2012) Two arrested along with one leopard skin and one clouded leopard skin. Http://www.wcn.org.np/news/detailNews.php?id=260&title=Two arrested along with one leopard skin and one clouded leopard skin [accessed 14 August 2014].
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Oryx
  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 9
Total number of PDF views: 66 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 1639 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 13th February 2017 - 16th December 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.