Alroy, J. 2010. The shifting balance of diversity among major marine animal groups. Science 329:1191–1194.
Alroy, J. 2014. Accurate and precise estimates of origination and extinction rates. Paleobiology 40:374–397.
Ando, A., Kaiho, K., Kawahata, H., and Kakegawa, T. 2008. Timing and magnitude of early Aptian extreme warming: unraveling primary delta O-18 variation in indurated pelagic carbonates at Deep Sea Drilling Project Site 463, central Pacific Ocean. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 260:463–476.
Barbeitos, M. S., Romano, S. L., and Lasker, H. R. 2010. Repeated loss of coloniality and symbiosis in scleractinian corals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 107:11877–11882.
Benayahu, Y., and Loya, Y. 1981. Competition for space among coral-reef sessile organisms at Eilat, Red Sea. Bulletin of Marine Science 31:514–522.
Bernecker, M., and Weidlich, O. 2005. Azooxanthellate corals in the Late Maastrichtian–Early Paleocene of the Danish basin: bryozoan and coral mounds in a boreal shelf setting. Pp. 3–25in A. Freiwald, and J. M. Roberts, eds. Cold-water corals and ecosystems. Springer, Berlin.
Best, M. B. 2001. Some notes on the terms “deep-sea ahermatypic” and “azooxanthellate,” illustrated by the coral genus Madracis. Pp. 19–29in J. H. M. Willison, J. Hall, S. Gass, E. L. R. Kenchington, M. Butler, and P. Doherty, eds. Proceedings of the first international symposium on deep-sea corals. Ecology Action Centre and Nova Scotia Museum, Halifax.
Bottjer, D. J., and Jablonski, D. 1988. Paleoenvironmental patterns in the evolution of post-Paleozoic benthic marine invertebrates. Palaios 3:540–560.
Bralower, T. J., and Thierstein, H. R. 1984. Low productivity and slow deep-water circulation in mid-Cretaceous oceans. Geology 12:614–618.
Cairns, S. D. 1999. Species richness of recent Scleractinia. Atoll Research Bulletin 459:1–46.
Cairns, S. D. 2007. Deep-water corals: an overview with special reference to diversity and distribution of deep-water scleractinian corals. Bulletin of Marine Science 81:311–322.
Caroselli, E., Mattioli, G., Levy, O., Falini, G., Dubinsky, Z., and Goffredo, S. 2012. Inferred calcification rate of a Mediterranean azooxanthellate coral is uncoupled with sea surface temperature along an 8 degrees latitudinal gradient. Frontiers in Zoology 9:32.
Caruthers, A. H., Smith, P. L., and Grocke, D. R. 2013. The Pliensbachian-Toarcian (Early Jurassic) extinction, a global multi-phased event. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 386:104–118.
Coates, A. C., and Jackson, J. B. C. 1987. Clonal growth, algal symbiosis, and reef formation by corals. Paleobiology 13:363–378.
Creed, J. 2006. Two invasive alien azooxanthellate corals, Tubastraea coccinea and Tubastraea tagusensis, dominate the native zooxanthellate Mussismilia hispida in Brazil. Coral Reefs 25:350–350.
Davies, P. S. 1984. The role of zooxanthellae in the nutritional energy requirements of Pocillopora eydouxi. Coral Reefs 2:181–186.
de Paula, A. F., Pires, D. D., and Creed, J. C. 2014. Reproductive strategies of two invasive sun corals (Tubastraea spp.) in the southwestern Atlantic. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 94:481–492.
Edmunds, P. J., and Davies, P. S. 1986. An energy budget for Porites porites (Scleractinia). Marine Biology 92:339–348.
Erba, E., Bottini, C., Weissert, H. J., and Keller, C. E. 2010. Calcareous nannoplankton response to surface-water acidification around Oceanic Anoxic Event 1a. Science 329:428–432.
Falkowski, P. G., Dubinsky, Z., Muscatine, L., and Porter, J. W. 1984. Light and the bioenergetics of a symbiotic coral. Bioscience 34:705–709.
Foote, M. 2000. Origination and extinction components of taxonomic diversity: general problems. In D. H. Erwin, and S. L. Wing, eds. Deep time: Paleobiology’s perspective (Paleobiology 26(Suppl. to No. 4), 74–102.
Foote, M., and Miller, A. I. 2007. Principles of paleontology. W. H. Freeman, New York.
Foote, M., and Raup, D. M. 1996. Fossil preservation and the stratigraphic ranges of taxa. Paleobiology 22:121–140.
Forster, A., Schouten, S., Baas, M., and Damste, J. S. S. 2007a. Mid-Cretaceous (Albian-Santonian) sea surface temperature record of the tropical Atlantic Ocean. Geology 35:919–922.
Forster, A., Schouten, S., Moriya, K., Wilson, P. A., and Damste, J. S. S. 2007b. Tropical warming and intermittent cooling during the Cenomanian/Turonian oceanic anoxic event 2: Sea surface temperature records from the equatorial Atlantic. Paleoceanography 22–1:1–14.
Gill, G. A., Santantonio, M., and Lathuiliere, B. 2004. The depth of pelagic deposits in the Tethyan Jurassic and the use of corals: an example from the Apennines. Sedimentary Geology 166:311–334.
Gradstein, F. M., Ogg, J. G., Schmitz, M. D., and Ogg, G. M., eds. 2012. The geologic time scale 2012. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Mumby, P. J., Hooten, A. J., Steneck, R. S., Greenfield, P., Gomez, E., Harvell, C. D., Sale, P. F., Edwards, A. J., Caldeira, K., Knowlton, N., Eakin, C. M., Iglesias-Prieto, R., Muthiga, N., Bradbury, R. H., Dubi, A., and Hatziolos, M. E. 2007. Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification. Science 318:1737–1742.
Hopkins, M. J., Simpson, C., and Kiessling, W. 2014. Differential niche dynamics among major marine invertebrate clades. Ecology Letters 17:314–323.
Houlbrèque, F., and Ferrier-Pagès, C. 2009. Heterotrophy in tropical scleractinian corals. Biological Reviews 84:1–17.
Hughes, T. P., Baird, A. H., Bellwood, D. R., Card, M., Connolly, S. R., Folke, C., Grosberg, R., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Jackson, J. B. C., Kleypas, J., Lough, J. M., Marshall, P., Nystrom, M., Palumbi, S. R., Pandolfi, J. M., Rosen, B., and Roughgarden, J. 2003. Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs. Science 301:929–933.
Insalaco, E. 1996. Upper Jurassic microsolenid biostromes of northern and central Europe: facies and depositional environment. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 121:169–194.
Jablonski, D. 2005. Evolutionary innovations in the fossil record: the intersection of ecology, development, and macroevolution. Journal of Experimental Zoology B 304:504–519.
Jablonski, D., and Bottjer, D. J. 1990. Onshore-offshore trends in marine invertebrate evolution. Pp. 21–75in R. M. Ross and W. D. Allmon, eds. Causes of evolution: a paleontological perspective. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Jablonski, D., Sepkoski, J. J. Jr., Bottjer, D. J., and Sheehan, P. M. 1983. Onshore-offshore patterns in the evolution of Phanerozoic shelf communities. Science 222:1123–1125.
Jackson, J. B. C., and Buss, L. 1975. Alleopathy and spatial competition among coral reef invertebrates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 72:5160–5163.
Jacobs, D. K., and Lindberg, D. R. 1998. Oxygen and evolutionary patterns in the sea: Onshore/offshore trends and recent recruitment of deep-sea faunas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 95:9396–9401.
Jenkyns, H. C. 2010. Geochemistry of oceanic anoxic events. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 11. doi: 10.1029/2009GC002788.
Kiessling, W. 2010. Reef expansion during the Triassic: spread of photosymbiosis balancing climatic cooling. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 290:11–19.
Kiessling, W., and Aberhan, M. 2007. Environmental determinants of marine benthic biodiversity dynamics through Triassic-Jurassic times. Paleobiology 33:414–434.
Kiessling, W., and Baron-Szabo, R. 2004. Extinction and recovery patterns of scleractinian corals at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 214:195–223.
Kiessling, W., and Simpson, C. 2011. On the potential for ocean acidification to be a general cause of ancient reef crises. Global Change Biology 17:56–67.
Kiessling, W., Aragón, E., Scasso, R., Aberhan, M., Kriwet, J., Medina, F., and Fracchia, D. 2005. Massive corals in Paleocene siliciclastic sediments of Chubut (Patagonia, Argentina). Facies 51:233–241.
Kiessling, W., Aberhan, M., Brenneis, B., and Wagner, P. J. 2007. Extinction trajectories of benthic organisms across the Triassic-Jurassic boundary. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 244:201–222.
Kiessling, W., Simpson, C., and Foote, M. 2010. Reefs as cradles of evolution and sources of biodiversity in the Phanerozoic. Science 327:196–198.
Killick, R., and Eckley, I. A. 2014. changepoint: an R package for changepoint analysis. Journal of Statistical Software 58–3:1–19.
Kitahara, M. V., Cairns, S. D., Stolarski, J., Blair, D., and Miller, D. J. 2010. A comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of the Scleractinia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) based on mitochondrial CO1 sequence data. PLoS ONE 5:e11490.
Klaus, J. S., Murray, S. T., Swart, P. K., and McNeill, D. F. 2013. Resource partitioning and paleoecology of Neogene free-living corals as determined from skeletal stable isotope composition. Bulletin of Marine Science 89:937–954.
Kocsis, Á. T., Kiessling, W., and Pálfy, J. 2014. Radiolarian biodiversity dynamics through the Triassic and Jurassic: implications for proximate causes of the end-Triassic mass extinction. Paleobiology 40:625–639.
Koh, E. G. L., and Sweatman, H. 2000. Chemical warfare among scleractinians: bioactive natural products from Tubastraea faulkneri Wells kill larvae of potential competitors. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 251:141–160.
Liow, L. H. 2007. Does versatility as measured by geographic range, bathymetric range and morphological variability contribute to taxon longevity? Global Ecology and Biogeography 16:117–128.
McKinney, M. L., and Oyen, C. W. 1989. Causation and nonrandomness in biological and geological time series: temperature as a proximal control of extinction and diversity. Palaios 4:3–15.
Muscatine, L., and Porter, J. W. 1977. Reef corals: mutualistic symbioses adapted to nutrient-poor environment. Bioscience 27:454–460.
Muscatine, L., Goiran, C., Land, L., Jaubert, J., Cuif, J.-P., and Allemand, D. 2005. Stable isotopes (δ13C and δ15N) of organic matrix from coral skeleton. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 102:1525–1530.
Pandolfi, J. M., and Kiessling, W. 2014. Gaining insights from past reefs to inform understanding of coral reef response to global climate change. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 7:52–58.
Peters, S. E., and Loss, D. P. 2012. Storm and fair-weather wave base: a relevant distinction? Geology 40:511–514.
R Development Core Team. 2014. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna.
Raup, D. M. 1979. Biases in the fossil record of species and genera. Bulletin of the Carnagie Museum of Natural History 13:85–91.
Rex, M. A., Etter, R. J., Morris, J. S., Crouse, J., McClain, C. R., Johnson, N. A., Stuart, C. T., Deming, J. W., Thies, R., and Avery, R. 2006. Global bathymetric patterns of standing stock and body size in the deep-sea benthos. Marine Ecology Progress Series 317:1–8.
Roberts, J. M., Wheeler, A. J., and Freiwald, A. 2006. Reefs of the deep: the biology and geology of cold-water coral ecosystems. Science 312:543–547.
Roder, C., Berumen, M. L., Bouwmeester, J., Papathanassiou, E., Al-Suwailem, A., and Voolstra, C. R. 2013. First biological measurements of deep-sea corals from the Red Sea. Scientific Reports 3:2802. doi:10.1038/srep02802.
Rosen, B. R. 2000. Algal symbiosis, and the collapse and recovery of reef communities: Lazarus corals across the K-T boundary. Pp. 164–180in S. J. Culver and P. F. Rawson, eds. Biotic response to global change: the last 145 million years. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Rosen, B. R., Aillud, G.S, Bosellini, F. R., Clarke, N. J., Insalaco, E., Valldeperas, F. X., and Wilson, M. E. J. 2000. Platy coral assemblages: 200 million years of functional stability in response to the limiting effects of light and turbidity. Proceedings of the Ninth International Coral Reef Symposium 1:255–264.
Sepkoski, J. J. Jr. 1991. A model of onshore-offshore change in faunal diversity. Paleobiology 17:58–77.
Simpson, C. 2013. Species selection and the macroevolution of coral coloniality and photosymbiosis. Evolution 67:1607–1621.
Smith, A. B., and Stockley, B. 2005. The geological history of deep-sea colonization by echinoids: roles of surface productivity and deep-water ventilation. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 272:865–869.
Stanley, G. D. Jr. 1981. Early history of scleractinian corals and its geological consequences. Geology 9:507–511.
Stanley, G. D. Jr., and Cairns, S. D. 1988. Constructional azooxanthellate coral communities; an overview with implications for the fossil records. Palaios 3:233–242.
Stanley, G. D. Jr., and Helmle, K. P. 2010. Middle Triassic coral growth bands and their implication for photosymbiosis. Palaios 25:754–763.
Stanley, G. D. Jr., and Swart, P. K. 1995. Evolution of the coral-zooxanthellae symbiosis during the Triassic: a geochemical approach. Paleobiology 21:179–199.
Stolarski, J., Kitahara, M., Miller, D., Cairns, S., Mazur, M., and Meibom, A. 2011. The ancient evolutionary origins of Scleractinia revealed by azooxanthellate corals. BMC. Evolutionary Biology 11:316. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-11-316.
Veron, J. E. N. 1995. Corals in space and time. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, N.Y.
Wellington, G. M., and Trench, R. K. 1985. Persistence and coexistence of a nonsymbiotic coral in open reef environments. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 82:2432–2436.
Wilson, P. A., and Norris, R. D. 2001. Warm tropical ocean surface and global anoxia during the mid-Cretaceous period. Nature 412:425–429.
Wulff, J. 1985. Clonal organisms and the evolution of mutualism. Pp. 437–466in J. B. C. Jackson, L. W. Buss, and R. E. Cook, eds. Population biology and evolution of clonal organisms. Yale University Press, New Haven, Conn.