Alvarez, L. W., Alvarez, W., Asaro, F., and Michel, H. V.
1980. Extraterrestrial cause for the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction. Science
Brett, C. E., and Baird, G. C.
1995. Coordinated stasis and evolutionary ecology of Silurian to Middle Devonian faunas in the Appalachian basin. Pp. 285–314
Erwin, D. H. and Anstey, R. L., eds. New approaches to studying speciation in the fossil record. Columbia University Press, New York.
Casella, G., and Berger, R. L.
2002. Statistical inference, 2d ed.
Duxbury, Pacific Grove, Calif.
1997. Estimating taxonomic durations and preservation probability. Paleobiology
Holland, S. M.
2003. Confidence limits on fossil ranges that account for facies changes. Paleobiology
Huelsenbeck, J. P., and Rannala, B.
1997. Maximum likelihood estimation of phylogeny using stratigraphic data. Paleobiology
2002. End-Permian double-phased mass extinction and killer volcanism. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs
Jin, Y. G., Wang, Y., Wang, W., Shang, Q. H., Cao, C. Q., and Erwin, D. H.
2000. Pattern of marine mass extinction near the Permian-Triassic boundary in South China. Science
Keller, G., Stinnesbeck, W., Adatte, T., and Stüben, D.
2003. Multiple impacts across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Earth-Science Reviews
Knoll, A. H., Bambach, R. K., Canfield, D. E., and Grotzinger, J. P.
1996. Comparative Earth history and late Permian mass extinction. Science
Macellari, C. E.
1986. Late Campanian-Maastrichtian ammonite fauna from Seymour Island (Antarctic Peninsula). Journal of Paleontology
Marshall, C. R.
1995. Distinguishing between sudden and gradual extinctions in the fossil record: predicting the position of the Cretaceous-Tertiary iridium anomaly using the ammonite fossil record on Seymour Island, Antarctica. Geology
Marshall, C. R., and Ward, P. D.
1996. Sudden and gradual molluscan extinctions in the latest Cretaceous in western European Tethys. Science
McConway, K. J., and Sims, H. J.
2004. A likelihood-based method for testing for nonstochastic variation of diversification rates in phylogenies. Evolution
McGhee, G. R. Jr.
2001. The ‘multiple impacts hypothesis’ for mass extinction: a comparison of the Late Devonian and the Eocene. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Paul, C. R. C., Lamolda, M. A., Mitchell, S. F., Vaziri, M. R., Gorostidi, A., and Marshall, J. D.
1999. The Cenomanian–Turonian boundary at Eastbourne (Sussex, UK): a proposed European reference section. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Payne, J. L., Lehrmann, D. J., Wei, J., and Knoll, A. H.
2006. The pattern and timing of biotic recovery from the end-Permian extinction on the Great Bank of Guizhou, Guizhou Province, China. Palaios
Sadler, P. M.
2004. Quantitative biostratigraphy—achieving finer resolution in global correlation. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences
Sadler, P. M., and Cooper, R. A.
2003. Best-fit intervals and consensus sequences. Pp. 49–94
Harries, P. J., ed. Approaches in high-resolution stratigraphic paleontology. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.
Signor, P. W., and Lipps, J. H.
1982. Sampling bias, gradual extinction patterns, and catastrophes in the fossil record. In
Silver, L. T. and Schultz, P. H., eds. Geological implications of large asteroids and comets on the Earth. :291–296.
Solow, A. R.
1996. Tests and confidence intervals for a common upper endpoint in fossil taxa. Paleobiology
Solow, A. R., and Smith, W. K.
1997. On fossil preservation and the stratigraphic ranges of taxa. Paleobiology
Solow, A. R., and Smith, W. K.
2000. Testing for a mass extinction without selecting taxa. Paleobiology
Springer, M. S.
1990. The effect of random range truncations on patterns of evolution in the fossil record. Paleobiology
Stanley, S. M., and Yang, X.
1994. A double mass extinction at the end of the Paleozoic Era. Science
Strauss, D., and Sadler, P. M.
1989. Classical confidence intervals and Bayesian probability estimates for ends of local taxon ranges. Mathematical Geology
Twitchett, R. J., Looy, C. V., Morante, R., Visscher, H., and Wignall, P. B.
2001. Rapid and synchronous collapse of marine and terrestrial ecosystems during the end-Permian biotic crisis. Geology
Wagner, P. J.
2000. Likelihood tests of hypothesized durations: determining and accommodating biasing factors. Paleobiology
Wang, S. C., and Marshall, C. R.
2004. Improved confidence intervals for estimating the position of a mass extinction boundary. Paleobiology
Ward, P. D., Botha, J., Buick, R., de Kock, M. O., Erwin, D. H., Garrison, G. H., Kirschvink, J. L., and Smith, R.
2005. Abrupt and gradual extinction among Late Permian land vertebrates in the Karoo Basin, South Africa. Science
Wilf, P., and Johnson, K. R.
2004. Land plant extinction at the end of the Cretaceous: a quantitative analysis of the North Dakota megafloral record. Paleobiology
Xie, S., Pancost, R. D., Yin, H., Wang, H., and Evershed, R. P.
2005. Two episodes of microbial change coupled with Permo/Triassic faunal mass extinction. Nature