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Trypanosoma sp. diversity in Amazonian bats (Chiroptera; Mammalia) from Acre State, Brazil

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 November 2017

Francisco C.B. dos Santos
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Biologia de Tripanosomatídeos, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, Av. Brasil 4365, CEP 21040-360, Rio de Janeiro/RJ, Brazil Instituto Federal do Acre, Rua Rio Grande do Sul, S/N°, Aeroporto Velho, CEP 69911-036, Rio Branco/AC, Brazil
Cristiane V. Lisboa
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Biologia de Tripanosomatídeos, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, Av. Brasil 4365, CEP 21040-360, Rio de Janeiro/RJ, Brazil
Samanta C.C. Xavier
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Biologia de Tripanosomatídeos, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, Av. Brasil 4365, CEP 21040-360, Rio de Janeiro/RJ, Brazil
Maria A. Dario
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Biologia de Tripanosomatídeos, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, Av. Brasil 4365, CEP 21040-360, Rio de Janeiro/RJ, Brazil
Rair de S. Verde
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Ecologia de Mamíferos, Universidade Federal do Acre, BR 364, Km 04, CEP 69920-900, Rio Branco/AC, Brazil
Armando M. Calouro
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Ecologia de Mamíferos, Universidade Federal do Acre, BR 364, Km 04, CEP 69920-900, Rio Branco/AC, Brazil
André Luiz R. Roque*
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Biologia de Tripanosomatídeos, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, Av. Brasil 4365, CEP 21040-360, Rio de Janeiro/RJ, Brazil
Ana M. Jansen
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Biologia de Tripanosomatídeos, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, FIOCRUZ, Av. Brasil 4365, CEP 21040-360, Rio de Janeiro/RJ, Brazil
*
Author for correspondence: A.L.R. Roque, E-mail: roque@ioc.fiocruz.br

Abstract

Bats are ancient hosts of Trypanosoma species and their flying ability, longevity and adaptability to distinct environments indicate that they are efficient dispersers of parasites. Bats from Acre state (Amazon Biome) were collected in four expeditions conducted in an urban forest (Parque Zoobotânico) and one relatively more preserved area (Seringal Cahoeira) in Rio Branco and Xapuri municipalities. Trypanosoma sp. infection was detected by hemoculture and fresh blood examination. Isolated parasite species were identified by the similarity of the obtained DNA sequence from 18S rDNA polymerase chain reaction and reference strains. Overall, 367 bats from 23 genera and 32 species were examined. Chiropterofauna composition was specific to each municipality, although Artibeus sp. and Carollia sp. prevailed throughout. Trypanosoma sp. infection was detected in 85 bats (23·2%). The most widely distributed and prevalent genotypes were (in order) Trypanosoma cruzi TcI, T. cruzi marinkellei, Trypanosoma dionisii, T. cruzi TcIV and Trypanosoma rangeli. At least one still-undescribed Trypanosoma species was also detected in this study. The detection of T. cruzi TcI and TcIV (the ones associated with Chagas disease in Amazon biome) demonstrates the putative importance of these mammal hosts in the epidemiology of the disease in the Acre State.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2017 

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