Gabín-García, Luis B. Bartolomé, Carolina Abal-Fabeiro, José L. Méndez, Santiago Llovo, José and Maside, Xulio 2017. Strong genetic structure revealed by multilocus patterns of variation in Giardia duodenalis isolates of patients from Galicia (NW-Iberian Peninsula). Infection, Genetics and Evolution, Vol. 48, p. 131.
Zhang, Xiao-Xuan Zhang, Fu-Kai Li, Fa-Cai Hou, Jun-Ling Zheng, Wen-Bin Du, Shuai-Zhi Zhao, Quan and Zhu, Xing-Quan 2017. The presence of Giardia intestinalis in donkeys, Equus asinus, in China. Parasites & Vectors, Vol. 10, Issue. 1,
El Basha, Noussa R. Zaki, Mayssa M. Hassanin, Omayma M. Rehan, Mohamed K. and Omran, Dalia 2016. GiardiaAssemblagesAandBin Diarrheic Patients: A Comparative Study in Egyptian Children and Adults. Journal of Parasitology, Vol. 102, Issue. 1, p. 69.
Faria, Clarissa Perez Zanini, Graziela Maria Dias, Gisele Silva da Silva, Sidnei Sousa, Maria do Céu and Grigg, Michael E. 2016. Molecular Characterization of Giardia lamblia: First Report of Assemblage B in Human Isolates from Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). PLOS ONE, Vol. 11, Issue. 8, p. e0160762.
Fava, Natália M.N. Soares, Rodrigo M. Scalia, Luana A.M. Rodrigues da Cunha, Maria Júlia Faria, Elaine S.M. and Cury, Márcia Cristina 2016. Molecular typing of canine Giardia duodenalis isolates from Minas Gerais, Brazil. Experimental Parasitology, Vol. 161, p. 1.
Hatam-Nahavandi, Kareem Mohebali, Mehdi Mahvi, Amir-Hossein Keshavarz, Hossein Mirjalali, Hamed Rezaei, Sasan Meamar, Ahmad-Reza and Rezaeian, Mostafa 2016. Subtype analysis of Giardia duodenalis isolates from municipal and domestic raw wastewaters in Iran. Environmental Science and Pollution Research,
Scalia, Luana A. M. Fava, Natália M. N. Soares, Rodrigo M. Limongi, Jean E. da Cunha, Maria Júlia R. Pena, Isabella F. Kalapothakis, Evanguedes and Cury, Márcia C. 2016. Multilocus genotyping of Giardia duodenalis in Brazilian children. Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 110, Issue. 6, p. 343.
Skhal, Dania Aboualchamat, Ghalia and Al Nahhas, Samar 2016. Giardia duodenalis in Damascus, Syria: Identification of Giardia genotypes in a sample of human fecal isolates using polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism analyzing method. Acta Tropica, Vol. 154, p. 1.
Thompson, R.C.A. and Ash, A. 2016. Molecular epidemiology of Giardia and Cryptosporidium infections. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, Vol. 40, p. 315.
Tibayrenc, M. and Ayala, F.J. 2016.
Wang, Haiyan Qi, Meng Zhang, Kaifang Li, Junqiang Huang, Jianying Ning, Changshen and Zhang, Longxian 2016. Prevalence and genotyping of Giardia duodenalis isolated from sheep in Henan Province, central China. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, Vol. 39, p. 330.
Wegayehu, Teklu Karim, Md Robiul Erko, Berhanu Zhang, Longxian and Tilahun, Getachew 2016. Multilocus genotyping of Giardia duodenalis isolates from calves in Oromia Special Zone, Central Ethiopia. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, Vol. 43, p. 281.
Liu, Gang Su, Yan Zhou, Mengjiao Zhao, Jixue Zhang, Tianyu Ahmad, Waqas Lu, Huijun Jiang, Ning Chen, Qijun Xiang, Mei and Yin, Jigang 2015. Prevalence and molecular characterization of Giardia duodenalis isolates from dairy cattle in northeast China. Experimental Parasitology, Vol. 154, p. 20.
Minetti, Corrado Lamden, Kenneth Durband, Caroline Cheesbrough, John Fox, Andrew and Wastling, Jonathan M. 2015. Determination of Giardia duodenalis assemblages and multi-locus genotypes in patients with sporadic giardiasis from England. Parasites & Vectors, Vol. 8, Issue. 1,
Pallant, Louise Barutzki, Dieter Schaper, Roland and Thompson, RC 2015. The epidemiology of infections with Giardia species and genotypes in well cared for dogs and cats in Germany. Parasites & Vectors, Vol. 8, Issue. 1, p. 2.
Reboredo-Fernández, Aurora Ares-Mazás, Elvira Martínez-Cedeira, José A. Romero-Suances, Rafael Cacciò, Simone M. and Gómez-Couso, Hipólito 2015. Giardia and Cryptosporidium in cetaceans on the European Atlantic coast. Parasitology Research, Vol. 114, Issue. 2, p. 693.
Sommer, M. F. Beck, R. Ionita, M. Stefanovska, J. Vasić, A. Zdravković, N. Hamel, D. Rehbein, S. Knaus, M. Mitrea, I. L. Shukullari, E. Kirkova, Z. Rapti, D. Capári, B. and Silaghi, C. 2015. Multilocus sequence typing of canine Giardia duodenalis from South Eastern European countries. Parasitology Research, Vol. 114, Issue. 6, p. 2165.
Tibayrenc, Michel and Ayala, Francisco J. 2015. The population genetics of Trypanosoma cruzi revisited in the light of the predominant clonal evolution model. Acta Tropica, Vol. 151, p. 156.
Zhang, Yu Chen, Zhimin An, Wei Xiao, Shumin Yuan, Hongying Zhang, Dongqing and Yang, Min 2015. Risk assessment of Giardia from a full scale MBR sewage treatment plant caused by membrane integrity failure. Journal of Environmental Sciences, Vol. 30, p. 252.
Zhao, Guang-Hui Du, Shuai-Zhi Wang, Hui-Bao Hu, Xiong-Feng Deng, Ming-Jun Yu, San-Ke Zhang, Long-Xian and Zhu, Xing-Quan 2015. First report of zoonotic Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia intestinalis and Enterocytozoon bieneusi in golden takins (Budorcas taxicolor bedfordi). Infection, Genetics and Evolution, Vol. 34, p. 394.
A review of the Giardia duodenalis sequences currently available on the GenBank database was completed to compare the different genotyping loci (small subunit ribosomal DNA, glutamate dehydrogenase, triose-phosphate isomerase and beta giardin) for their ability to discern assemblage and subassemblage groups and infer phylogenetic relationships. In total, 405 Giardia duodenalis sequences were sorted and aligned to examine the substitutions within and between the assemblages – A and B (zoonotic), C and D (dogs), E (livestock), F (cats) and G (rodents). It was found that all of the genes could reproducibly group isolates into their assemblages and that the AI/AII subassemblage groups were robust and identifiable at all loci. However, the assemblage B subgroups were not reproducible at half of the loci (small subunit ribosomal DNA and beta giardin), not due to their conserved nature, but because there was insufficient sequence data of reference isolates available for comparison. It is anticipated that further investigation of these loci may reveal the core subgroups of this medically important and zoonotic assemblage and also those of others. The closer, more recent, phylogenetic relationships amongst the assemblages appear to be resolved; however, more sequence data from the current loci, and possibly new loci, will be required to establish the remaining relationships.
This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.
Full text views reflects the number of PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.
Abstract views reflect the number of visits to the article landing page.
* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 25th June 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.