Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Echinococcus species from red foxes, corsac foxes, and wolves in Mongolia

  • AKIRA ITO (a1), GANTIGMAA CHULUUNBAATAR (a1) (a2), TETSUYA YANAGIDA (a1), ANU DAVAASUREN (a1) (a3), BATTULGA SUMIYA (a2), MITSUHIKO ASAKAWA (a4), TOSHIAKI KI (a4), KAZUHIRO NAKAYA (a5), ABMED DAVAAJAV (a3), TEMUULEN DORJSUREN (a1) (a6), MINORU NAKAO (a1) and YASUHITO SAKO (a1)...
Summary
SUMMARY

The small intestines of 420 wild canids (111 corsac foxes, 191 red foxes and 118 wolves) from Mongolia, were examined for adult worms of the genus Echinococcus. The Mongolian genotype of Echinococcus multilocularis was found in fifteen red foxes and four wolves, whereas two genotypes (G6/7 and G10) of Echinococcus canadensis were found in two and three wolves, respectively. No adult Echinococcus worms were found in the corsac foxes examined. The genotypes of E. multilocularis and E. canadensis are discussed in terms of host specificity and distribution in Mongolia. The importance of wolves in the completion of the life cycle of Echinococcus spp. is also discussed.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author. Department of Parasitology, Asahikawa Medical University, Asahikawa, Hokkaido 078-8510, Japan. Tel.: +81 166 68 2686. Fax: +81 166 68 2429. E-mail: akiraito@asahikawa-med.ac.jp
References
Hide All
Abdybekova A. M. and Torgerson P. R. (2012). Frequency distributions of helminths of wolves in Kazakhstan. Veterinary Parasitology 184, 348351.
Abuladze K. I. (1964). Taeniata of Animals and Man and Diseases Caused by Them. Essentials of Cestodology, Vol. 4 (ed. Skrjabin K. I.). Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Moscow (in Russian); English transl.: Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem 1970, 549 pp.
Bagrade G., Kirjusina M., Vismanis K. and Ozolins J. (2009). Helminth parasites of the wolf Canis lupus from Latvia. Journal of Helminthology 83, 6368.
Beiromvand M., Akhlaghi L., Massom S. H. F., Mobedi I., Meamar A. R., Oormazdi H., Motevalian A. and Razmjou E. (2011). Detection of Echinococcus multilocularis in carnivores in Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran using mitochondrial DNA. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 5, e1379.
Bretagne S., Assouline B., Vidaud D., Houin R. and Vidaud M. (1996). Echinococcus multilocularis: microsatellite polymorphism in U1 snRNA genes. Experimental Parasitology 82, 324328.
Breyer I., Georgieva D., Kurdova R. and Gottstein B. (2004). Echinococcus granulosus strain typing in Bulgaria: the G1 genotype is predominant in intermediate and definitive wild hosts. Parasitology Research 93, 127130.
Bryan H. M., Darimont C. T., Hill J. E., Paquet P. C., Thompson R. C. A., Wagner B. and Smits J. G. (2012). Seasonal and biogeographical patterns of gastrointestinal parasites in large carnivores: wolves in a coastal archipelago. Parasitology 139, 781790.
Budke C., Deplazes P. and Torgerson P. R. (2006). Global socioeconomic impact of cystic echinococcosis. Emerging Infectious Diseases 12, 296303.
Combes B., Comte S., Raton V., Raoul F., Boué F., Umhang G., Favier S., Dunoyer C., Woronoff N. and Giraudoux P. (2012). Westward spread of Echinococcus multilocularis in foxes, France, 2005–2010. Emerging Infectious Diseases 18, 20592062.
Craig P. S., Budke C. M., Schantz P. M., Li T., Qiu J., Yang Y., Zeyhle E., Rogan M. T. and Ito A. (2007). Human echinococcosis: a neglected disease? Tropical Medicine and Health 35, 283292.
Davaatseren N., Otogondalai A., Nyamkhuu G. and Susher A. H. (1995). Management of echinococcosis in Mongolia. Journal of the Arkansas Medical Society 92, 122125.
Dzhabarova V. I., Zbarskii A. I. and Bulanova T. E. (1993). Differences in the infectivity and chemotherapy susceptibility of Kamchatka and Kazakhstan isolates of Echinococcus multilocularis in laboratory animals (a study of echinococcosis on Kamchatka Peninsula. Meditsinskaia parazitologiia I parazitornye bolezni Jul–Sept, 11–15 (in Russian).
Ebright J. R., Altantsetseg T. and Oyungerel R. (2003). Emerging infectious diseases in Mongolia. Emerging Infectious Diseases 9, 15091515.
Eckert J., Gemmell M. A., Meslin F. X. and Pawlowski Z. S. (2001). WHO/OIE Manual on Echinococcosis in Humans and Animals: a Public Health Problem of Global Concern, pp. 1265. World Organization for Animal Health, Paris.
Foreyt W. J., Drew M. L., Atkinson M. and McCauley D. (2009). Echinococcus granulosus in gray wolves and ungulates in Idaho and Montana, USA. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 45, 12081212.
Fuglei E., Stien A., Yoccoz N. G., Ims R. A., Eide N. E., Prestrud P., Deplazes P. and Oksanen A. (2008). Spatial distribution of Echinococcus multilocularis, Svalbard, Norway. Emerging Infectious Diseases 14, 7375.
Guberti V., Bolognini M., Lanfranchi P. and Battelli G. (2004). Echinococcus granulosus in the wolf in Italy. Parasitologia 46, 425427.
Guerra D., Armua-Fernandez M. T., Silva M., Bravo I., Santos N., Deplazes P. and Madeira de Carvalho L. M. (2013). Taeniid species of the Iberian wolf (Canis lupus signatus) in Portugal with special focus on Echinococcus spp. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife 2, 5053.
Gurbadam A., Nyamkhuu D., Nyamkhuu G., Tsendjav A., Sergelen O., Narantuya B., Batsukh Z., Battsetseg G., Oyun-Erdene B., Uranchimeg B., Otgonbaatar D., Temuulen D., Bayarmaa E., Abmed D., Tsogtsaikhan S., Usukhbayar A., Smirmaul K., Gereltuya J. and Ito A. (2010). Mongolian and Japanese joint conference on “Echinococcosis: diagnosis, treatment and prevention in Mongolia” June 4, 2009. Parasites and Vectors 3, 8.
Hirvelä-Koski V., Haukisalmi V., Kilpelä S-S, Nylund M and Koski P. (2003). Echinococcus granulosus in Finland. Veterinary Parasitology 111, 175192.
Hüttner M., Nakao M., Wassermann T., Siefert L., Boomker J. D., Dinkel A., Sako Y., Mackenstedt U., Romig T. and Ito A. (2008). Genetic characterization and phylogenetic position of Echinococcus felidis (Cestoda: Taeniidae) from the African lion. International Journal for Parasitology 38, 861868.
Ito A., Agvaandaram G., Bat-Ochir O. E., Chuluunbaatar B., Gonchingsenghe N., Yanagida T., Sako Y., Myadagsuren N., Dorjsuren T., Nakaya K., Nakao M., Ishikawa Y., Davaajav A. and Dulmaa N. (2010). Histopathological, serological and molecular confirmation of alveolar echinococcosis cases in Mongolia. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 82, 266269.
Ito A., Okamoto M., Li T., Wandra T., Dharmawan N. S., Swastika K. I., Dekumyoy P., Kusolsuk T., Davajav A., Davaasuren A., Dorjsuren T., Mekonnen S. M., Negashi Z. H., Yanagida T., Sako Y., Nakao M., Nakaya K., Lavikainen A. J., Nkouawa A. and Mohammadzadeh T. (2011 b). The first workshop on towards the control of cestode zoonoses in Asia and Africa. Parasites and Vectors 4, 114.
Ito A., Yanagida T., Sako Y., Nakao M., Nakaya K., Knapp J. and Ishikawa Y. (2011 a). Echinococcus and echinococcosis. In Molecular Detection of Human Parasitic Pathogens (ed. Liu D.), pp. 249263. CRC Press, Boca Raton, USA.
Jabbar A., Narankhajid M., Nolan M. J., Jex A. R., Campbell B. E. and Gasser R. B. (2011). A first insight into the genotypes of Echinococcus granulosus from humans in Mongolia. Molecular and Cellular Probes 25, 4954.
Jenkins E. J., Peregrine A. S., Hill J. E., Somers C., Gesy K., Barnes B., Gottstein B. and Polley L. (2012). Detection of European strain of Echinococcus multilocularis in North America. Emerging Infectious Diseases 18, 10101012.
Kimura M. (1980). A simple method for estimating evolutionary rates of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. Journal of Molecular Evolution 16, 111120.
Knapp J., Nakao M., Yanagida T., Okamoto M., Saarma U., Lavikainen A. and Ito A. (2011). Phylogenetic relationships within Echinococcus and Taenia tapeworms (Cestoda: Taeniidae): an inference from nuclear protein-coding genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61, 628638.
Kongaev S. V., Yanagida T., Ingovatova G. M., Shoiknet Y. N., Nakao M., Sako Y., Bondarev A. Y. and Ito A. (2012). Molecular identification of human echinococcosis in the Altal region of Russia. Parasitology International 61, 711714.
Konyaev S. V., Yanagida T., Nakao M., Ingovatova G. M., Shoykhet Y. N., Bondarev A. Y., Odnokurtsev V. A., Loskutoba K. S., Lukmanova G. I., Dokuchaev N. E., Spiridonov S., Alshinecky M. V., Tatyana S. N., Andreyanov O. N., Abramov S. A., Krivopalov A. V., Karpenko S. V., Lopatina N. V., Dupal T. A., Sako Y. and Ito A. (2013). Genetic diversity of Echinococcus spp. in Russia. Parasitology 140, in press.
Larkin M. A., Blackshields G., Brown N. P., Chenna R., McGettigan P. A., McWilliam H., Valentin F., Wallace I. M., Wilm A., Lopez R., Thompson J. D., Gibson T. J. and Higgins D. G. (2007). Clustal W and Clustal X version 2.0. Bioinformatics 23, 29472948.
Mamuti W., Yamasaki H., Sako Y., Nakao M., Xiao N., Nakaya K., Sato N., Vuitton D. A., Piarroux R., Lightowlers M. W., Craig P. S. and Ito A. (2004). An 8 kDa-subunit of Antigen B from Echinococcus multilocularis: molecular cloning, expression and serological evaluation. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 42, 10821088.
Martínek K., Kolářová L., Hapl E., Literák I. and Uhrin M. (2001). Echinococcus multilocularis in European wolves (Canis lupus). Parasitology Research 87, 838839.
Matoba Y., Yamada D., Asano M., Oku Y., Kitaura K., Yagi K., Tenora F. and Asakawa M. (2006). Parasitic helminths from feral raccoons (Procyon lotor) on Hokkaido and Kyushu Islands, Japan. Helminthologia 43, 139146.
Mohammadzadeh T., Sako Y., Sadjjadi S. M., Sarkari B. and Ito A. (2012). Comparison of the usefulness of hydatid cyst fluid, native antigen B and recombinant antigen B8/1 for serological diagnosis of cystic echinococcosis. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 106, 371375.
Moks E., Jõgisalu I., Saarma U., Talvik H., Järvis T. and Valdmann H. (2006). Helminthological survey of the wolf (Canis lupus) in Estonia, with an emphasis on Echinococcus granulosus. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 42, 359365.
Nakao M., Lavikainen A., Iwaki T., Haukisalmi V., Konyaev S., Oku Y., Okamoto M. and Ito A. (2013 a). Molecular phylogeny of the genus Taenia (Cestoda: Taeniidae): proposals for the resurrection of Hydatigera Lamarck, 1816 and the creation of a new genus Versteria. International Journal for Parasitology 43, 427437.
Nakao M., McManus D. P., Schantz P. M., Craig P. S. and Ito A. (2007). A molecular phylogeny of the genus Echinococcus inferred from complete mitochondrial genomes. Parasitology 134, 713722.
Nakao M., Xiao N., Okamoto M., Yanagida T., Sako Y. and Ito A. (2009). Geographic pattern of genetic variation in the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis. Parasitology International 58, 384389.
Nakao M., Yanagida T., Konyaev S., Lavikainen A., Odnokurtsev V. A., Vladimir A., Zaikoy V. A. and Ito A. (2013 b). Mitochondrial phylogeny of the genus Echinococcus (Cestoda: Taeniidae) with emphasis on relationships among Echinococcus canadensis genotypes. Parasitology 140, in press.
Rausch R. L. (1995). Life cycle patterns and geographic distribution of Echinococcus species. In Echinococcus and Hydatid Disease (ed. Thompson R. C. A. and Lymbery A. J.), pp. 89134. CABI Press, Wallingford, UK.
Rausch R. L. (2003). Cystic echinococcosis in the Arctic and Sub-Arctic. Parasitology 127, S73S85.
Rausch R. L. and Schiller E. L. (1951). Hydatid disease (echinococcosis) in Alaska and the importance of rodent intermediate hosts. Science 113, 5758.
Schantz P. M. (2006). Progress in diagnosis, treatment and elimination of echinococcosis and cysticercosis. Parasitology International 55, S7S13.
Schneider R., Aspöck H. and Auer H. (2013). Unexpected increase of alveolar echinococcosis, Austria, 2011. Emerging Infectious Diseases 19, 475477.
Schweiger A., Ammann R. W., Candinas D., Clavien P. A., Eckert J., Gottstein B., Halkic N., Muellhaupt B., Prinz B. M., Reichen J., Tarr P. E., Torgerson P. R. and Deplazes P. (2007). Human alveolar echinococcosis after fox population increase, Switzerland. Emerging Infectious Diseases 13, 878882.
Sobrino R., Gozalez L. M., Vicente J., Fernández de Luco D., Garate T. and Gontázar C. (2006). Echinococcus granulosus (Cestoda, Taeniidae) in the Iberian wolf. Parasitology Research 99, 753756.
Spira A. M. (1995). Saturday, May 13, 1995. Ulaanbaatar: Infectious Disease Department, National Medical University of Mongolia. Journal of the Citizen Ambassador Program Parasitology Delegation to the People's Republic of China and Mongolia May 7 to 20, 78.
Swofford D. L. (2002). PAUP*: Phylogenetic Analysis using Parsimony (and other Methods) 4·0 Beta.Sinauer Associates, Massachusetts.
Tang C., Cui G., Qian Y., Kang Y., Wang Y., Peng W., Lu H. and Chen D. (2007). Studies on the alveolar Echinococcus species in northward daxingan mountains, Inner Mongolia, China. III. Echinococcus russicensis sp. nov. Chinese Journal of Zoonoses 23, 957963 (in Chinese).
Tang C., Quian Y. C., Kang Y. M., Cui G. W., Lu H. C., Shu L. M., Wang Y. H. and Tang L. (2004). Study on the ecological distribution of alveolar Echinococcus in Hulunbeier pasture of Inner Mongolia, China. Parasitology 128, 187194.
Thompson R. C. A. (2008). The taxonomy, phylogeny and transmission of Echinococcus. Experimental Parasitology 119, 439446.
Thompson R. C. A. and McManus D. P. (2002). Towards a taxonomic revision of the genus Echinococcus. Trends in Parasitology 18, 452457.
Torgerson P. R. (2013). The emergence of echinococcosis in central Asia. Parasitology 140, in press.
Torgerson P. R. and Budke C. (2003). Echinococcosis – an international public health challenge. Research in Veterinary Science 74, 191202.
Torgerson P. R., Keller K., Magnotta M. and Ragland N. (2010). The global burden of alveolar echinococcosis. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 22, e722.
Torgerson P. R., Oguijahan B., Muminov A. E., Karaeva R. R., Kuttbaev O. T., Aminjianov M. and Shaikenov B. (2006). Present situation of cystic echinococcosis in Central Asia. Parasitology International 55, S253S258.
Wang W., Wu Y. and Ding Z. (1989). The occurrence of Echinococcus multilocularis Leuckart, 1863 in fox and wolf in Tacheng District, Xinjiang. Endemic Diseases Bulletin 4, 812.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Parasitology
  • ISSN: 0031-1820
  • EISSN: 1469-8161
  • URL: /core/journals/parasitology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 2
Total number of PDF views: 23 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 174 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 19th October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.