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Molecular phylogeny of anoplocephalid tapeworms (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae) infecting humans and non-human primates

  • JANA DOLEŽALOVÁ (a1) (a2) (a3), PETER VALLO (a2) (a4), KLÁRA J. PETRŽELKOVÁ (a2) (a4) (a5) (a6), IVONA FOITOVÁ (a7), WISNU NURCAHYO (a8), ANTOINE MUDAKIKWA (a9), CHIE HASHIMOTO (a10), MILAN JIRKŮ (a5), JULIUS LUKEŠ (a5) (a11) (a12), TOMÁŠ SCHOLZ (a5) (a11) and DAVID MODRÝ (a2) (a3) (a5)...


Anoplocephalid tapeworms of the genus Bertiella Stiles and Hassall, 1902 and Anoplocephala Blanchard, 1848, found in the Asian, African and American non-human primates are presumed to sporadic ape-to-man transmissions. Variable nuclear (5.8S-ITS2; 28S rRNA) and mitochondrial genes (cox1; nad1) of isolates of anoplocephalids originating from different primates (Callicebus oenanthe, Gorilla beringei, Gorilla gorilla, Pan troglodytes and Pongo abelii) and humans from various regions (South America, Africa, South-East Asia) were sequenced. In most analyses, Bertiella formed a monophyletic group within the subfamily Anoplocephalinae, however, the 28S rRNA sequence-based analysis indicated paraphyletic relationship between Bertiella from primates and Australian marsupials and rodents, which should thus be regarded as different taxa. Moreover, isolate determined as Anoplocephala cf. gorillae from mountain gorilla clustered within the Bertiella clade from primates. This either indicates that A. gorillae deserves to be included into the genus Bertiella, or, that an unknown Bertiella species infects also mountain gorillas. The analyses allowed the genetic differentiation of the isolates, albeit with no obvious geographical or host-related patterns. The unexpected genetic diversity of the isolates studied suggests the existence of several Bertiella species in primates and human and calls for revision of the whole group, based both on molecular and morphological data.


Corresponding author

* Corresponding author. Department of Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Palackého tř.1/3, 612 00 Brno, Czech Republic. E-mail:


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