Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Pheromone of Ornithodoros spp. (Argasidae) in the coxal fluid of female ticks

  • Y. Schlein (a1) and A. E. Gunders (a1)
Summary

Coxal secretion of adult female Ornithodoros erraticus was found to contain a sex pheromone that induces in males of this species a mating response towards nymphs smeared with this secretion. Heterospecific coxal fluid from O. tholozani and O. moubata also elicited a mating response from O. erraticus males. Adult O. erraticus females did not evoke courting behaviour when immobilized or killed, but normal mating behaviour was regained when the immobilized females were freed – proving that both pheromone and recognition of a behavioural pattern are essential components of mating behaviour. Secretion of the sex pheromone appears by the 4th day after a blood meal and accumulates with time, thus increasing the number of attempted matings.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Boné, G. J. (1943). Recherches sur les glandes coxales et la regulation du milieu interne chez l'Ornithodoros moubata Murray. Annales de la Société royale Zoologique de Belgique 74, 1631.
Berger, R. S. (1972). 2,6-dichlorophenol, sex pheromone of the lone star tick. Science 177, 704–5.
Binnington, K. C. (1975). Secretory coxal gland, active during apolysis in ixodid and argasid ticks (Acarina). International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology 4, 183–92.
Carlson, D. A., Langley, P. A. & Huyton, P. (1978). Sex pheromone of the tsetse fly: isolation identification and synthesis of contact aphrodisiacs. Science 201, 750–3.
Frayha, G. J., Dajani, R. M., Almaz, O. & Sweatman, G. K. (1974). Chemical composition of the coxal fluid of the argasid tick Ornithodoros savignyi. Journal of Medical Entomology 11, 168–72.
Lees, A. D. (1946). Chloride regulation and the function of the coxal gland in ticks. Parasitology 37, 172–84.
Nuttall, G. H. F. & Merriman, G. (1911). The process of copulation in Ornithodoros moubata. Parasitology 4, 3944.
Sonenshine, D. E., Silverstein, R. M., Layton, E. L. & Homsher, P. G. (1974). Evidence for the existence of sex pheromone in two species if ixodid ticks (Metastigmata: Ixodidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 11, 305–15.
Sonenshine, D. E., Silverstein, R. M. & Rechav, Y. (1980). In Physiology of Ticks (ed. Obenchain, F. D. and Galun, R.). Oxford, New York, Toronto, Sydney and Braunschweig: Pergamon Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Parasitology
  • ISSN: 0031-1820
  • EISSN: 1469-8161
  • URL: /core/journals/parasitology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed