Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Physiological and behaviour changes in common lizards parasitized by haemogregarines

  • A. Oppliger (a1), M. L. Célérier (a1) and J. Clobert (a1)

The effect of haemoparasites on the physiology and behaviour traits of their hosts was examined using Haemogregarina sp., a parasite of the common lizard, Lacerta vivipara, from the south of France. Infection with haemogregarines was associated with a reduced haemoglobin concentration and an increased number of immature red blood cells. Parasitized individuals also showed a reduced oxygen consumption at rest and a lower locomotor speed. We also found that the multiplication rate of the parasite depended on the temperature at which the lizard was maintained. Between 21 and 28 °C the multiplication rate of the parasite was significantly lower than between 29 and 35 °C. This suggests that the parasites may suffer reproductive costs when hosts reduce their body temperature.

Corresponding author
*Corresponding author. Tel: + 33 1 44272545. Fax: + 33 1 44273516. E-mail:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

R. A. Avery (1971). Estimates of food consumption by the lizard Lacerta vivipara Jacquin. Journal of Animal Ecology 40, 351365.

R. A. Avery , J. D. Bedford & C. P. Newcombe (1982). The role of thermoregulation in lizard biology: predatory efficiency in a temperate diurnal basker. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 11, 261267.

A. F. Bennett (1978). Activity metabolism of the lower vertebrates. Annual Review of Physiology 40, 447469.

B. E. Dial & L. C. Fitzpatrick (1984). Predator escape success in tailed versus tailless Scincella lateralis (Sauria: Scincidae). Animal Behaviour 32, 301302.

A. P. Dobson (1988). The population biology of parasite-induced changes in host behaviour. Quarterly Review of Biology 63, 139365.

W. E. Gilson (1963). Differential respirometer of simplified and improved design. Science 141, 531532.

G. Kramer (1934). Der Ruheumsatz von Eidechsen und seine quantitative Beziehung zur Individuengrösse. Zeitschrift fur vergleichende Physiologic 20, 600616.

W. R. Moberly (1968). The metabolic responses of the common iguana, Iguana iguana, to walking and diving. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 27, 2132.

G. O. Poinar Jr. (1991). Hairworm (Nematomorpha: Gordioidea) parasites of New Zealand wetas (Orthoptera: Stenopelmatidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology 69, 15921599.

J. J. Schall (1986). Prevalence and virulence of a haemogregarine parasite of the aruban whiptail lizard, Cnemidophorus arubensis. Journal of Herpetology 20, 318324.

J. J. Schall (1990 a). The ecology of lizard malaria. Parasitology Today 6, 264269.

J. J. Schall (1992). Parasite-mediated competition in Anolis lizards. Oecologia 92, 5864.

J. J. Schall , A. F. Bennet & R. W. Putnam (1982). Lizards infected with malaria: physiological and behavioral consequences. Science 217, 10571059.

G. Sorci , J. Clobert & Y. Michalakis (1996). Cost of reproduction and cost of parasitism in the common lizard (Lacerta vivipara). Oikos (in the Press.)

G. Sorci , M. Massot & J. Clobert (1994). Maternal parasite load predicts offspring spring speed in the philopatric sex. The American Naturalist 144, 153164.

G. Sorci , J. G. Swallow , T. Garland Jr. & J. Clobert (1995). Quantitative genetics of locomotor speed and endurance in the lizard Lacerta vivipara. Physiological Zoology 68, 698720.

M. A. Stirewalt (1954). Effect of maintenance of temperatures on development of Schistosoma mansoni. Experimental Parasitology 3, 504516.

S. N. Thompson & M. Kavaliers (1994). Physiological bases for parasite-induced alterations of host behaviour. Parasitology 109, 119138.

C. A. Toft & A. J. Karter (1990). Parasite–host coevolution. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 5, 326329.

W. I. Tromp & R. A. Avery (1977). A temperature-dependent shift in the metabolism of the lizard Lacerta vivipara. Journal of Thermal Biology 2, 5354.

R. Van Damme , D. Bauwens & R. Verheyen (1990). Evolutionary rigidity of thermal physiology: the case of the cool temperate lizard Lacerta vivipara. Oikos 57, 6167.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

  • ISSN: 0031-1820
  • EISSN: 1469-8161
  • URL: /core/journals/parasitology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 13 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 170 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 19th September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.