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Temporal variation of Mexiconema cichlasomae (Nematoda: Daniconematidae) in the Mayan cichlid fish Cichlasoma urophthalmus and its intermediate host Argulus yucatanus from a tropical coastal lagoon

  • A. L. MAY-TEC (a1), D. PECH (a2), M. L. AGUIRRE-MACEDO (a1), J. W. LEWIS (a3) and V. M. VIDAL-MARTÍNEZ (a1)...
Summary

The aim of the present investigation was to determine whether temporal variation in environmental factors such as rainfall or temperature influence long-term fluctuations in the prevalence and mean abundance of the nematode Mexiconema cichlasomae in the cichlid fish Cichlasoma uropthalmus and its crustacean intermediate host, Argulus yucatanus. The study was undertaken in a tropical coastal lagoon in the Yucatan Peninsula (south-eastern Mexico) over an 8-year period. Variations in temperature, rainfall and monthly infection levels for both hosts were analysed using time series and cross-correlations to detect possible recurrent patterns. Infections of M. cichlasomae in A. yucatanus showed annual peaks, while in C. urophthalmus peaks were bi-annual. The latter appear to be related to the accumulation of several generations of this nematode in C. urophthalmus. Rainfall and temperature appear to be key environmental factors in influencing temporal variation in the infection of M. cichlasomae over periods longer than a year together with the accumulation of larval stages throughout time.

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Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Laboratorio de Parasitología, Departamento de Recursos del Mar, Cinvestav, Carretera antigua a Progreso km 6, Apdo. Postal 73 – Cordemex, 97310 Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico. Tel.: +52 999 942 9400. Fax: +52 999 981 23 34. E-mail: amayt@mda.cinvestav.mx
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