Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 112
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Coon, Courtney A. C. Garcia-Longoria, Luz Martin, Lynn B. Magallanes, Sergio de Lope, Florentino and Marzal, Alfonso 2016. Malaria infection negatively affects feather growth rate in the house sparrowPasser domesticus. Journal of Avian Biology,

    Guillaumet, Alban Woodworth, Bethany L. Camp, Richard J. and Paxton, Eben H. 2016. Comparative demographics of a Hawaiian forest bird community. Journal of Avian Biology, Vol. 47, Issue. 2, p. 185.

    Krtinić, B. Francuski, L. Ludoški, J. and Milankov, V. 2016. Integrative approach revealed contrasting pattern of spatial structuring within urban and rural biotypes ofCulex pipiens. Journal of Applied Entomology, p. n/a.

    Malanson, George P. and Alftine, Kathryn J. 2016. Biological and Environmental Hazards, Risks, and Disasters.

    Ricklefs, Robert E. Soares, Leticia Ellis, Vincenzo A. and Latta, Steven C. 2016. Haemosporidian parasites and avian host population abundance in the Lesser Antilles. Journal of Biogeography, Vol. 43, Issue. 7, p. 1277.

    Václav, Radovan Betáková, Tatiana Švančarová, Petra Pérez-Serrano, Jorge Criado-Fornelio, Ángel Škorvanová, Lucia and Valera, Francisco 2016. Nest ecology of blood parasites in the European roller and its ectoparasitic carnid fly. Experimental Parasitology, Vol. 165, p. 71.

    Dimitrov, Dimitar Palinauskas, Vaidas Iezhova, Tatjana A. Bernotienė, Rasa Ilgūnas, Mikas Bukauskaitė, Dovile Zehtindjiev, Pavel Ilieva, Mihaela Shapoval, Anatoly P. Bolshakov, Casimir V. Markovets, Mikhail Yu Bensch, Staffan and Valkiūnas, Gediminas 2015. Plasmodium spp.: An experimental study on vertebrate host susceptibility to avian malaria. Experimental Parasitology, Vol. 148, p. 1.

    Garamszegi, László Zsolt Zagalska-Neubauer, Magdalena Canal, David Markó, Gábor Szász, Eszter Zsebők, Sándor Szöllősi, Eszter Herczeg, Gábor and Török, János 2015. Malaria parasites, immune challenge, MHC variability, and predator avoidance in a passerine bird. Behavioral Ecology, Vol. 26, Issue. 5, p. 1292.

    Laurance, William F. 2015. Emerging Threats to Tropical Forests1,2. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, Vol. 100, Issue. 3, p. 159.

    Marzal, Alfonso García-Longoria, Luz Cárdenas Callirgos, Jorge M. and Sehgal, Ravinder NM 2015. Invasive avian malaria as an emerging parasitic disease in native birds of Peru. Biological Invasions, Vol. 17, Issue. 1, p. 39.

    Sallaberry-Pincheira, Nicole Gonzalez-Acuña, Daniel Herrera-Tello, Yertiza Dantas, Gisele P. M. Luna-Jorquera, Guillermo Frere, Esteban Valdés-Velasquez, Armando Simeone, Alejandro and Vianna, Juliana A. 2015. Molecular Epidemiology of Avian Malaria in Wild Breeding Colonies of Humboldt and Magellanic Penguins in South America. EcoHealth, Vol. 12, Issue. 2, p. 267.

    Samuel, Michael D. Woodworth, Bethany L. Atkinson, Carter T. Hart, Patrick J. and LaPointe, Dennis A. 2015. Avian malaria in Hawaiian forest birds: infection and population impacts across species and elevations. Ecosphere, Vol. 6, Issue. 6, p. art104.

    Staley, M. and Bonneaud, C. 2015. Immune responses of wild birds to emerging infectious diseases. Parasite Immunology, Vol. 37, Issue. 5, p. 242.

    Videvall, E. Cornwallis, C. K. Palinauskas, V. Valki nas, G. and Hellgren, O. 2015. The Avian Transcriptome Response to Malaria Infection. Molecular Biology and Evolution, Vol. 32, Issue. 5, p. 1255.

    2015. Vultures.

    Atkinson, Carter T. Utzurrum, Ruth B. Lapointe, Dennis A. Camp, Richard J. Crampton, Lisa H. Foster, Jeffrey T. and Giambelluca, Thomas W. 2014. Changing climate and the altitudinal range of avian malaria in the Hawaiian Islands - an ongoing conservation crisis on the island of Kaua'i. Global Change Biology, Vol. 20, Issue. 8, p. 2426.

    Baker, Jack Harvey, Kerinne J. and French, Kris 2014. Threats from introduced birds to native birds. Emu, Vol. 114, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    Bichet, Coraline Sorci, Gabriele Robert, Alexandre Julliard, Romain Lendvai, Ádám Z Chastel, Olivier Garnier, Stephane and Loiseau, Claire 2014. Epidemiology ofPlasmodium relictumInfection in the House Sparrow. Journal of Parasitology, Vol. 100, Issue. 1, p. 59.

    Callicrate, Taylor Dikow, Rebecca Thomas, James W Mullikin, James C Jarvis, Erich D and Fleischer, Robert C 2014. Genomic resources for the endangered Hawaiian honeycreepers. BMC Genomics, Vol. 15, Issue. 1, p. 1098.

    Cornet, Stéphane Bichet, Coraline Larcombe, Stephen Faivre, Bruno Sorci, Gabriele and Ardia, Daniel 2014. Impact of host nutritional status on infection dynamics and parasite virulence in a bird-malaria system. Journal of Animal Ecology, Vol. 83, Issue. 1, p. 256.


Wildlife disease and conservation in Hawaii: Pathogenicity of avian malaria (Plasmodium relictum) in experimentally infected Iiwi (Vestiaria coccinea)

  • C. T. Atkinson (a1), K. L. Woods (a1), R. J. Dusek (a1), L. S. Sileo (a1) and W. M. Iko (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 April 2009

Native Hawaiian forest birds are facing a major extinction crisis with more than 75% of species recorded in historical times either extinct or endangered. Reasons for this catastrophe include habitat destruction, competition with non-native species, and introduction of predators and avian diseases. We tested susceptibility of Iiwi (Vestiaria coccinea), a declining native species, and Nutmeg Mannikins (Lonchura punctulata), a common non-native species, to an isolate of Plasmodium relictum from the island of Hawaii. Food consumption, weight, and parasitaemia were monitored in juvenile Iiwi that were infected by either single (low-dose) or multiple (high-dose) mosquito bites. Mortality in both groups was significantly higher than in uninfected controls, reaching 100% of high-dose birds and 90% of low-dose birds. Significant declines in food consumption and a corresponding loss of body weight occurred in malaria-infected birds. Both sex and body weight had significant effects on survival time, with males more susceptible than females and birds with low initial weights more susceptible than those with higher initial weights. Gross and microscopic lesions in malaria fatalities included massive enlargement of the spleen and liver, hyperplasia of the reticuloendothelial system with extensive deposition of malarial pigment, and overwhelming anaemia in which over 30% of the circulating erythrocytes were parasitized. Nutmeg Mannikins, by contrast, were completely refractory to infection. Our findings support previous studies documenting high susceptibility of native Hawaiian forest birds to avian malaria. This disease continues to threaten remaining high elevation populations of endangered native birds.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

J. E. Applegate (1970). Population changes in latent avian malaria infections associated with season and corticosterone treatment. Journal of Parasitology 56, 439–43.

F. L. Black (1992). Why did they die? Science 258, 1739–40.

J. H. Carothers (1986 a). The effects of retreat site quality on interference related behavior among Hawaiian honeycreepers. The Condor 88, 421–6.

L. A. Freed , S. Conant & R. C. Fleischer (1987). Evolutionary ecology and radiation of Hawaiian passerine birds. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2, 196293.

R. D. Godfrey Jr, A. M. Fedynich & D. B. Pence (1987). Quantification of hematozoa in blood smears. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 23, 558–65.

G. M. Jeffery (1962). Survival of trophozoites of Plasmodium berghei and Plasmodium gallinaceum in glycerolized whole blood at low temperatures. Journal of Parasitology 48, 601–6.

A. B. Kamis & J. B. Ibrahim (1989). Effects of testosterone on blood leukocytes in Plasmodium berghei-infected mice. Parasitology Research 75, 611–13.

S. Mountainspring & J. M. Scott (1985). Interspecific competition among Hawaiian forest birds. Ecological Monographs 55, 219–39.

C. J. Ralph & S. G. Fancy (1995). Demography and movements of Apapane and Iiwi in Hawaii. The Condor 97, 729–42.

A. H. W. M. Schuurs & H. A. M. Verheul (1990). Effects of gender and sex steroids on the immune response. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry 35, 157–72.

J. M. Scott , C. B. Kepler , C. Van Riper III & S. I. Fefer (1988). Conservation of Hawaii's vanishing avifauna. Bioscience 38, 238–53.

C. Van Riper III, S. G. Van Riper , M. L. Goff & M. Laird (1986). The epizootiology and ecological significance of malaria in Hawaiian land birds. Ecological Monographs 56, 327–44.

R. E. Warner (1968). The role of introduced diseases in the extinction of the endemic Hawaiian avifauna. The Condor 70, 101–20.

F. Wunderlich , P. Marinovski , W. Peter , M. Benten , H.-P. Schmitt-Wrede & H. Mossmann (1991). Testosterone and other gonadal factor(s) restrict the efficacy of genes controlling resistance to Plasmodium chabaudi malaria. Parasite Immunology 13, 357–67.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

  • ISSN: 0031-1820
  • EISSN: 1469-8161
  • URL: /core/journals/parasitology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *