Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-5c569c448b-qzllc Total loading time: 0.234 Render date: 2022-07-06T06:23:25.994Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

Reintroducing Kin Selection to the Human Behavioral Sciences

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 January 2022

Abstract

Humans are often altruistic in a variety of contexts, even toward strangers they may never meet again. What explains this behavior? Many argue that kin selection cannot explain it but group selection can. Contra this common line of reasoning, I provide two ways that kin selection might help explain the evolution of broad-scope human altruism: in gene-culture coevolution and in a ‘cultural’ version of kin selection.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Philosophy of Science Association

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Footnotes

I would like to thank Simon Huttegger, Brian Skyrms, Cailin O’Connor, and audiences at Caltech and University of California, Irvine, for feedback on an early version of this article. Thanks also to Jonathan Birch for discussions on cultural kin selection. Finally, thanks to two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.

References

Allison, P. D. 1992. “Cultural Relatedness under Oblique and Horizontal Transmission Rules.” Ethology and Sociobiology 13 (3): 153–69..CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Aoki, K. 2001. “Theoretical and Empirical Aspects of Gene-Culture Coevolution.” Theoretical Population Biology 59 (4): 253–61..CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Birch, J. 2017. The Philosophy of Social Evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bowles, S., and Gintis, H.. 2002. “Behavioural Science: Homo reciprocans.Nature 415 (6868): 125–28..CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bowles, S., and Gintis, H.. 2011. A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Boyd, R., Gintis, H., Bowles, S., and Richerson, P. J.. 2003. “The Evolution of Altruistic Punishment.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 100 (6): 3531–35..CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Boyd, R., and Richerson, P. J.. 1985. Culture and the Evolutionary Process. Chicago: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Boyd, R., Richerson, P. J., and Henrich, J.. 2011. “Rapid Cultural Adaptation Can Facilitate the Evolution of Large-Scale Cooperation.” Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 65 (3): 431–44..CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Burnham, T. C., and Johnson, D. D.. 2005. “The Biological and Evolutionary Logic of Human Cooperation.” Analyse and Kritik 27 (1): 113–35..CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cavalli-Sforza, L. L., and Feldman, M. W.. 1981. Cultural Transmission and Evolution: A Quantitative Approach. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google ScholarPubMed
Ellison, G. 2000. “Basins of Attraction, Long-Run Stochastic Stability, and the Speed of Step-by-Step Evolution.” Review of Economic Studies 67 (1): 1745..CrossRefGoogle Scholar
El Mouden, C., André, J.-B., Morin, O., and Nettle, D.. 2014. “Cultural Transmission and the Evolution of Human Behaviour: A General Approach Based on the Price Equation.” Journal of Evolutionary Biology 27 (2): 231–41..CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fehr, E., and Henrich, J.. 2003. “Is Strong Reciprocity a Maladaptation? On the Evolutionary Foundations of Human Altruism.” In Mathematical Evolutionary Theory, ed. Hammerstein, P., 5582. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Feldman, M. W., and Cavalli-Sforza, L. L.. 1989. “On the Theory of Evolution under Genetic and Cultural Transmission with Application to the Lactose Absorption Problem.” In Mathematical Evolutionary Theory, ed. Feldman, M. W., 145–73. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hamilton, W. D. 1975. “Innate Social Aptitudes of Man: An Approach from Evolutionary Genetics.” In Biosocial Anthropology, ed. Fox, R., 133–53. London: Malaby.Google Scholar
Henrich, N., and Henrich, J. P.. 2007. Why Humans Cooperate: A Cultural and Evolutionary Explanation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Hill, K. R., Walker, R. S., Božičević, M., Eder, J., Headland, T., Hewlett, B., Hurtado, A. M., Marlowe, F., Wiessner, P., and Wood, B.. 2011. “Co-residence Patterns in Hunter-Gatherer Societies Show Unique Human Social Structure.” Science 331 (6022): 1286–89..CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kreindler, G. E., and Young, H. P.. 2013. “Fast Convergence in Evolutionary Equilibrium Selection.” Games and Economic Behavior 80:3967.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lehmann, L., and Feldman, M. W.. 2008. “The Co-evolution of Culturally Inherited Altruistic Helping and Cultural Transmission under Random Group Formation.” Theoretical Population Biology 73 (4): 506–16..CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Muthukrishna, M., Morgan, T. J., and Henrich, J.. 2016. “The When and Who of Social Learning and Conformist Transmission.” Evolution and Human Behavior 37 (1): 1020..CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Okasha, S. 2006. Evolution and the Levels of Selection. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Perreault, C., Moya, C., and Boyd, R.. 2012. “A Bayesian Approach to the Evolution of Social Learning.” Evolution and Human Behavior 33 (5): 449–59..CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Richerson, P. J., and Boyd, R.. 2008. Not by Genes Alone: How Culture Transformed Human Evolution. Chicago: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Rubin, H. 2018. “The Debate over Inclusive Fitness as a Debate over Methodologies.” Philosophy of Science 85 (1): 130..CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rubin, H., and O’Connor, C.. 2018. “Discrimination and Collaboration in Science.” Philosophy of Science 85 (3): 380402..CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Skyrms, B. 2005. “Dynamics of Conformist Bias.” Monist 88 (2): 260–69..CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sober, E., and Wilson, D. S.. 1999. Unto Others: The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Sugden, R. 2000. “Credible Worlds: The Status of Theoretical Models in Economics.” Journal of Economic Methodology 7 (1): 131..CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tomasello, M., Melis, A. P., Tennie, C., Wyman, E., and Herrmann, E.. 2012. “Two Key Steps in the Evolution of Human Cooperation.” Current Anthropology 53 (6): 673–92..CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wilson, D. S., and Dugatkin, L. A.. 1997. “Group Selection and Assortative Interactions.” American Naturalist 149 (2): 336–51..CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wilson, D. S., and Sober, E.. 1994. “Reintroducing Group Selection to the Human Behavioral Sciences.” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4): 585608..CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Supplementary material: PDF

Rubin supplementary material

Rubin supplementary material

Download Rubin supplementary material(PDF)
PDF 315 KB

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Reintroducing Kin Selection to the Human Behavioral Sciences
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Reintroducing Kin Selection to the Human Behavioral Sciences
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Reintroducing Kin Selection to the Human Behavioral Sciences
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *