Published online by Cambridge University Press: 30 January 2009
In 1929, doubtless to the discomfort of his logical positivist host Moritz Schlick, Wittgenstein remarked, ‘To be sure, I can understand what Heidegger means by Being and Angst’ (WVC, 68). I return to what Heidegger meant and Wittgenstein could understand later. I begin with that remark because it has had an instructive career. When the passage which it prefaced was first published in 1965, the editors left it out—presumably to protect a hero of ‘analytic’ philosophy from being compromised by an expression of sympathy for the arch-fiend of ‘continental’ philosophy. It was as if a diary of Churchill's had been discovered containing admiring references to Hitler. This was the period, after all, when Heidegger was, as Michael Dummett recalls, a ‘joke’ among Oxford philosophers, the paradigm of the sort of metaphysical nonsense Wittgenstein had dedicated himself to exposing.
1 References in the text to Wittgenstein are to abbreviated titles of the following works: Notebooks 1914-16, trans. Anscombe, G. E. M.(Oxford: Blackwell, 1961)Google Scholar [NB] Lectures and Conversations on Aesthetics, Psychology and Religious Belief, ed. Barrett, C. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1967) [LC];Google ScholarPhilosophical Investigations, trans. Anscombe, G. E. M. (London: Macmillan, 1969) [PI];Google ScholarOn Certainty, trans. Paul, D. & Anscombe, G. E. M. (Oxford: Blackwell, 1969) [OC];Google ScholarTractatus Logico-Philosophicus, Trans. Pears, D. F. & McGuinness, B. F. (London: Routledge, 1974) [TLP];Google ScholarWittgenstein and the Vienna Circle: conversations recorded by Friedrich Waismann, ed. McGuinness, B. F. (Oxford: Blackwell, 1979) [WVC];Google ScholarRemarks on Frazer's Golden Bough, trans. Miles, A. (Retford: Brynmill, 1979) [RF];Google ScholarCulture and Value, trans. Winch, P. (Oxford: Blackwell, 1980) [CV];Google ScholarRemarks on the Philosophy of Psychology: Vol. 1, trans. Anscombe, G. E. M. (Oxford: Blackwell, 1988) [RPP];Google Scholar‘Lecture on ethics’ [LE] & ‘The big typescript’ [BIG] in The Wittgenstein Reader, ed. Kenny, A. (Oxford: Blackwell, 1994).Google Scholar
2 Stanley, Cavell, Philosophical Passages: Wittgenstein, Emerson, Austin, Derrida (Oxford: Blackwell, 1995), 13.Google Scholar
3 I discern this ‘prevailing treatment’ in, inter alia,Google ScholarRichard, Rorty, ‘Wittgenstein, Heidegger and the reification of language’ in his Essays on Heidegger and Others (Cambridge University Press, 1991);Google ScholarKarl-Otto, Apel, ‘Wittgenstein and Heidegger: language games and life forms’, in Critical Heidegger, ed. McCann, C. (London: Routledge, 1996);Google ScholarJürgen, Habermas, Postmetaphysical Thinking: philosophical essays, trans. Hohengarten, W. (Cambridge: Polity, 1992);Google Scholar and Ross, Mandel, ‘Heidegger and Wittgenstein’, in Heidegger and Modern Philosophy: critical essays, ed. Murray, M. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1978).Google Scholar
4 Op.cit. note 3, 50, 52,63.
5 References in the text to Heidegger are to abbreviated titles of the following works: Identität und Differenz (Pfullingen: Neske, 1957) [ID];Google ScholarErlaüterungen zur Hölderlins Dichtung (Frankfurt: Klostermann, 1971) [EH];Google ScholarOn Time and Being, trans. Stambaugh, J. (New York: Harper & Row, 1972) [TB];Google ScholarGesamtausgabe: Vol. 56/57 (Frankfurt: Klostermann, 1975— ) [G];Google ScholarThe Question concerning Technology (and other essays), trans. Lovitt, W. (New York: Harper & Row, 1977) [QT];Google Scholar‘Letter on humanism’, in Martin Heidegger: Basic Writings, ed. Krell, D. F. (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1978) [LH];Google ScholarBeing and Time, trans. Macquarrie, J. & Robinson, E. (Oxford: Blackwell, 1980) [BT];Google ScholarOn the Way to Language, trans. Hertz, P. (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1982) [WL];Google ScholarEarly Greek Thinking, trans. Krell, D. F. & Capuzzi, F. (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1984) [EGT];Google ScholarBasic Questions of Philosophy, trans. Rojcewicz, R. & Schuwer, A. (Bloomington: Indiana University Press) [BQP].Google Scholar
6 David, Pears, The False Prison: a study of the development of Wittgenstein's Philosophy, Vol. 1, (Oxford: Blackwell, 1989), 5.Google Scholar
7 Op. cit. note 3, 270.
8 On this point, see also Dreyfus, Hubert L., Being-in-the-world: a commentary on Heidegger's Being and Time, Division I, (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1991).Google Scholar
9 For this way of speaking, see Heidegger (TB), and for a lively dismissal of the later philosophy's critical potential, see Edwards, James C., The Authority of Language: Heidegger, Wittgenstein and the threat of nihilism, (Tampa: University of South Florida Press, 1990).Google Scholar
11 See Heidegger (BT, 436ff) and Heidegger's various speeches collected in The Heidegger Controversy: a critical reader, ed. Wollin, R. (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1993).Google Scholar
12 Op.cit. note 6, 17-18. For a similar interpretation, see Edwards, , op. cit. note 9.Google Scholar
13 Stephen, Mulhall, On Being in the World: Wittgenstein and Heidegger on seeing aspects (London: Routledge, 1990), 199ff.Google Scholar
17 Max, Black, ‘Lebensformen and Sprachspiel in Wittgenstein's later work’, in Wittgenstein and his Impact on Contemporary Thought, ed. Leinfellner, E. et al. (Vienna: Holder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1978), 329.Google Scholar