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  • Cited by 3
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Walters, Lee 2014. The Possibility of Unicorns and Modal Logic. Analytic Philosophy, Vol. 55, Issue. 3, p. 295.

    Weber, Zach and Dyke, Heather 2013. Existence and ∃ xistence. Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 25, Issue. 3, p. 367.

    KATZAV, JOEL 2008. THE SECOND-ORDER PROPERTY VIEW OF EXISTENCE. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. 89, Issue. 4, p. 486.


Existence and Contingency: A Note


Timothy Williamson offers a proof of the counterintuitive claim that, if an object exists, then it exists necessarily. David Wiggins argues that this result reveals the philosophical disadvantage of a first level (or ‘ticking over’) view of the very ‘exists’ and the advantage of the second level account offered by Frege and Russell. The author seeks to show how, using an idea of G. Evans but without the use of the resources of ‘free logic’, all occurrences of ‘exist’, including its occurrence in true, negative existential, singular statements, can be accommodated to the Frege–Russell view and accorded the intuitively required modal status.

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  • ISSN: 0031-8191
  • EISSN: 1469-817X
  • URL: /core/journals/philosophy
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