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  • Cited by 9
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Jantzen, Benjamin C. 2015. Projection, symmetry, and natural kinds. Synthese, Vol. 192, Issue. 11, p. 3617.

    Slater, Matthew H. 2015. MUHAMMAD ALI KHALIDINatural Categories and Human Kinds: Classification in the Natural and Social Sciences. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 66, Issue. 4, p. 1017.

    Gannett, Lisa 2013. Projectibility and Group Concepts in Population Genetics and Genomics. Biological Theory, Vol. 7, Issue. 2, p. 130.

    Reydon, Thomas A. C. 2013. Classifying Life, Reconstructing History and Teaching Diversity: Philosophical Issues in the Teaching of Biological Systematics and Biodiversity. Science & Education, Vol. 22, Issue. 2, p. 189.

    Urban, M.A. 2013. Treatise on Geomorphology.

    Koslicki, Kathrin 2008. Natural Kinds and Natural Kind Terms. Philosophy Compass, Vol. 3, Issue. 4, p. 789.

    Rieppel, Olivier 2005. Monophyly, Paraphyly, and Natural Kinds. Biology & Philosophy, Vol. 20, Issue. 2-3, p. 465.

    wikforss, ÅSA maria 2005. Naming Natural Kinds. Synthese, Vol. 145, Issue. 1, p. 65.

    Meyer, Leroy N. 1989. Science, Reduction and Natural Kinds. Philosophy, Vol. 64, Issue. 250, p. 535.


Natural Kinds

  • T. E. Wilkerson (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 January 2009

What is a natural kind ? As we shall see, the concept of a natural kind has a long history. Many of the interesting doctrines can be detected in Aristotle, were revived by Locke and Leibniz, and have again become fashionable in recent years. Equally there has been agreement about certain paradigm examples: the kinds oak, stickleback and gold are natural kinds, and the kinds table, nation and banknote are not. Sadly agreement does not extend much further. It is impossible to discover a single consistent doctrine in the literature, and different discussions focus on different doctrines without writers or readers being aware of the fact. In this paper I shall attempt to find a defensible distinction between natural and non-natural kinds.

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  • ISSN: 0031-8191
  • EISSN: 1469-817X
  • URL: /core/journals/philosophy
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