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  • Cited by 2
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Mcneill, William E. S. 2016. The Visual Role of Objects' Facing Surfaces. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. 92, Issue. 2, p. 411.

    CAMPBELL, Scott 2006. The Conception of a Person as a Series of Mental Events. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. 73, Issue. 2, p. 339.


Seeing Objects and Surfaces, and the ‘In Virtue Of’ Relation

  • Scott Campbell (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 July 2004

Frank Jackson in Perception uses the ‘in virtue of’ relation to ground the distinction between direct and indirect perception. He argues that it follows that our perception of physical objects is mediated by perceiving their facing surfaces, and so is indirect. I argue that this is false. Seeing a part of an object is in itself a seeing of the object; there is no indirectness involved. Hence, the ‘in virtue of’ relation is an inadequate basis for the direct-indirect distinction. I also argue that claims that we don't, ‘strictly speaking’, see objects, are also false.

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  • ISSN: 0031-8191
  • EISSN: 1469-817X
  • URL: /core/journals/philosophy
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