Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 112
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Dresher, B. Elan 2016. Contrast in Phonology, 1867–1967: History and Development. Annual Review of Linguistics, Vol. 2, Issue. 1, p. 53.

    Hestvik, Arild and Durvasula, Karthik 2016. Neurobiological evidence for voicing underspecification in English. Brain and Language, Vol. 152, p. 28.

    Rasin, Ezer and Katzir, Roni 2016. On Evaluation Metrics in Optimality Theory. Linguistic Inquiry, Vol. 47, Issue. 2, p. 235.

    Schluter, Kevin Politzer-Ahles, Stephen and Almeida, Diogo 2016. No place for /h/: an ERP investigation of English fricative place features. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, Vol. 31, Issue. 6, p. 728.

    Vance, Timothy J. and Irwin, Mark 2016. Sequential Voicing in Japanese. Vol. 176, Issue. ,

    Dresher, B. Elan 2015. The motivation for contrastive feature hierarchies in phonology. Linguistic Variation, Vol. 15, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    Fabiano-Smith, Leah Oglivie, Trianna Maiefski, Olivia and Schertz, Jessamyn 2015. Acquisition of the stop-spirant alternation in bilingual Mexican Spanish–English speaking children: Theoretical and clinical implications. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, Vol. 29, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    Kawahara, Shigeto 2015. Japanese /r/ is not feature-less: A rejoinder to Labrune (2014). Open Linguistics, Vol. 1, Issue. 1,

    Scharinger, Mathias and Idsardi, William J. 2014. Sparseness of vowel category structure: Evidence from English dialect comparison. Lingua, Vol. 140, p. 35.

    NYCZ, JENNIFER 2013. New contrast acquisition: methodological issues and theoretical implications. English Language and Linguistics, Vol. 17, Issue. 02, p. 325.

    Scheer, Tobias 2013. Why phonology is flat: the role of concatenation and linearity. Language Sciences, Vol. 39, p. 54.

    Simango, Silvester Ron 2013. An analysis of vowel harmony in ciNsenga and ciCewa: A comparative study. Southern African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies, Vol. 31, Issue. 2, p. 139.

    Staun, Jørgen 2013. Fission in component-based phonology. Language Sciences, Vol. 40, p. 123.

    Levelt, Clara C. 2012. Perception mirrors production in 14- and 18-month-olds: The case of coda consonants. Cognition, Vol. 123, Issue. 1, p. 174.

    Hall, Daniel Currie 2011. Phonological contrast and its phonetic enhancement: dispersedness without dispersion. Phonology, Vol. 28, Issue. 01, p. 1.

    Heinz, Jeffrey 2011. Computational Phonology - Part II: Grammars, Learning, and the Future. Language and Linguistics Compass, Vol. 5, Issue. 4, p. 153.

    Kabak, Barıs¸ and Vogel, Irene 2011. Expecting the Unexpected: Exceptions in Grammar.

    Mackenzie, Sara 2011. Contrast and the evaluation of similarity: Evidence from consonant harmony. Lingua, Vol. 121, Issue. 8, p. 1401.

    Russell Webb, Eric 2011. Accounting for R: shifting segments and constraint-based grammar. Language Sciences, Vol. 33, Issue. 1, p. 90.

    Sumner, Meghan 2011. The role of variation in the perception of accented speech. Cognition, Vol. 119, Issue. 1, p. 131.


Aspects of underspecification theory*

  • Diana Archangeli (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 20 October 2008

An evaluation metric in Universal Grammar provides a means of selecting between possible grammars for a particular language. The evaluation metric as conceived in Chomsky & Halle (1968; henceforth SPE) prefers the grammar in which only the idiosyncratic properties are lexically listed and predictable properties are derived. The essence of underspecification theory is to supply such predictable distinctive features or feature specifications by rule. Viewed in this way, the general idea of underspecification has always been a part of any theory of phonology that includes such an evaluation metric.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

  • ISSN: 0952-6757
  • EISSN: 1469-8188
  • URL: /core/journals/phonology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *