Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

The gradual path to cluster simplification*

  • John J. McCarthy (a1)
Abstract

When a medial consonant cluster is simplified by deletion or place assimilation, the first consonant is affected, but never the second one: /patka/ becomes [paka] and not *[pata]; /panpa/ becomes [pampa] and not [panta]. This article accounts for that observation within a derivational version of Optimality Theory called Harmonic Serialism. In Harmonic Serialism, the final output is reached by a series of derivational steps that gradually improve harmony. If there is no gradual, harmonically improving path from a given underlying representation to a given surface representation, this mapping is impossible in Harmonic Serialism, even if it would be allowed in classic Optimality Theory. In cluster simplification, deletion or Place assimilation is the second step in a derivation that begins with deleting Place features, and deleting Place features improves harmony only in coda position.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Abu-Mansour, Mahasen Hasan (1987). A nonlinear analysis of Arabic syllabic phonology, with special reference to Makkan. PhD dissertation, University of Florida.
Akinlabi, Akinbiyi & Urua, E. Eno (2002). Foot structure in the Ibibio verb. Journal of African Languages and Linguistics 23. 119160.
Allen, W. Sidney (1973). Accent and rhythm. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Anderson, Stephen R. (1974). The organization of phonology. New York: Academic Press.
Aoki, H. (1968). Towards a typology of vowel harmony. IJAL 34. 142145.
Archangeli, Diana (1984). Underspecification in Yawelmani phonology and morphology. PhD dissertation, MIT.
Archangeli, Diana & Pulleyblank, Douglas (1994). Grounded phonology. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Bat-El, Outi (forthcoming). A gap in the feminine paradigm of Hebrew: a consequence of identity avoidance in the suffix domain. In Rice, Curt (ed.) Modeling ungrammaticality in Optimality Theory. London: Equinox.
Beckman, Jill N. (1997). Positional faithfulness, positional neutralisation and Shona vowel harmony. Phonology 14. 146.
Beckman, Jill N. (1998). Positional faithfulness. PhD dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Available as ROA-234 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
Beckman, N., Dickey, Laura & Urbanczyk, Suzanne (eds.) (1995). Papers in Optimality Theory. Amherst: GLSA.
Bermúdez-Otero, Ricardo (2001). Underlying nonmoraic coda consonants, faithfulness, and sympathy. Ms, University of Manchester. Available (June 2008) at http://www.bermudez-otero.com/research.htm.
Bessell, Nicola J. (1992). Towards a phonetic and phonological typology of post-velar articulation. PhD dissertation, University of British Columbia.
Bessell, Nicola & Czaykowska-Higgins, Ewa (1992). Interior Salish evidence for placeless laryngeals. NELS 22. 3549.
Bliese, Loren F. (1981). A generative grammar of Afar. Arlington: Summer Institute of Linguistics & University of Texas at Arlington.
Blumenfeld, Lev (2006). Constraints on phonological interactions. PhD dissertation, Stanford University. Available as ROA-877 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
Boersma, Paul (2007). Some listener-oriented accounts of h-aspiré in French. Lingua 117. 19892054.
Booij, Geert (1995). The phonology of Dutch. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Borowsky, Toni (2000). Word-faithfulness and the direction of assimilations. The Linguistic Review 17. 128.
Broselow, Ellen (1982). On predicting the interaction of stress and epenthesis. Glossa 16. 115132.
Burenhult, Niclas (2001). Jahai phonology: a preliminary survey. Mon-Khmer Studies Journal 31. 2945.
Burzio, Luigi (1994). Metrical consistency. In Ristad, Eric (ed.) Language computations. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society. 93125.
Burzio, Luigi (2000). Cycles, non-derived-environment blocking, and correspondence. In Dekkers, Joost, Leeuw, Frank & Weijer, Jeroen (eds.) Optimality Theory: phonology, syntax, and acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 4787.
Campos-Astorkiza, Rebeka (2004). Faith in moras: a revised approach to prosodic faithfulness. NELS 34. 163174.
Casali, Roderic F. (1996). Resolving hiatus. PhD dissertation, UCLA. Available as ROA-215 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive. Published 1998, New York: Garland.
Casali, Roderic F. (1997). Vowel elision in hiatus contexts: which vowel goes? Lg 73. 493533.
Causley, Trisha (1997). Identity and featural correspondence: the Athapaskan case. NELS 27. 93105.
Cho, Young-mee Yu (1990). Parameters of consonantal assimilation. PhD dissertation, Stanford University.
Chomsky, Noam (1965). Aspects of the theory of syntax. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Chomsky, Noam & Halle, Morris (1968). The sound pattern of English. New York: Harper & Row.
Clements, G. N. (1985). The geometry of phonological features. Phonology Yearbook 2. 225252.
Côté, Marie-Hélène (2000). Consonant cluster phonotactics: a perceptual approach. PhD dissertation, MIT. Available as ROA-548 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
Cowell, Mark W. (1964). A reference grammar of Syrian Arabic (based on the dialect of Damascus). Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.
Davis, Stuart & Cho, Mi-Hui (2003). The distribution of aspirated stops and /h/ in American English and Korean: an alignment approach with typological implications. Linguistics 41. 607652.
Davis, Stuart & Shin, Seung-Hoon (1999). The Syllable Contact constraint in Korean: an optimality-theoretic analysis. Journal of East Asian Linguistics 8. 285312.
de Lacy, Paul (2002). The formal expression of markedness. PhD dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Available as ROA-542 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
de Lacy, Paul (2006). Markedness: reduction and preservation in phonology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Devine, A. M. & Stephens, Laurence (1977). Two studies in Latin phonology. Saratoga: Anma Libri.
Dixon, R. M. W. (1988). A grammar of Boumaa Fijian. Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press.
Fallon, Paul D. (1998). The synchronic and diachronic phonology of ejectives. PhD dissertation, Ohio State University.
Flack, Kathryn (2007). Templatic morphology and indexed markedness constraints. LI 38. 749758.
Gabriel, Christoph & Meisenburg, Trudel (forthcoming). Silent onsets? An optimality-theoretic approach to French h aspiré words. In Féry, Caroline, Kügler, Frank & Vijver, Ruben (eds.) Variation and gradience in phonetics and phonology. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Gafos, Adamantios & Lombardi, Linda (1999). Constraint transparency and vowel echo. NELS 29:2. 8195.
Gesenius, Wilhelm (1910). Gesenius' Hebrew grammar, as edited and enlarged by the late E. Kautzsch. 2nd English edn. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Gildea, Spike (1995). A comparative description of syllable reduction in the Cariban language family. IJAL 61. 62102.
Gnanadesikan, Amalia (2004). Markedness and faithfulness constraints in child phonology. In Kager et al. (2004). 73108. Original version (1995) available as ROA-67 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
Goldsmith, John (1976). An overview of autosegmental phonology. Linguistic Analysis 2. 2368.
Goldsmith, John A. (1990). Autosegmental and metrical phonology. Oxford & Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell.
Goldsmith, John A. (1993a). Harmonic phonology. In Goldsmith (1993b). 2160.
Goldsmith, A. (ed.) (1993b). The last phonological rule: reflections on constraints and derivations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Gouskova, Maria (2003). Deriving economy: syncope in Optimality Theory. PhD dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Available as ROA-610 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
Gouskova, Maria (2007). The reduplicative template in Tonkawa. Phonology 24. 367396.
Hale, Kenneth (1973). Deep–surface canonical disparities in relation to analysis and change: an Australian example. In Sebeok, Thomas (ed.) Current trends in linguistics. Vol. 11. The Hague: Mouton. 401458.
Hale, William Gardner & Buck, Darling Carl (1966). A Latin grammar. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press.
Hargus, Sharon (1995). The first person plural subject prefix in Babine-Witsuwit'en. Ms, University of Washington. Available as ROA-108 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
Hargus, Sharon & Tuttle, G. Siri (1997). Augmentation as affixation in Athabaskan languages. Phonology 14. 177220.
Harris, John (1994). English sound structure. Oxford: Blackwell.
Hayes, Bruce (1995). Metrical stress theory: principles and case studies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Hayward, K. M. & Hayward, R. J. (1989). ‘Guttural’: arguments for a new distinctive feature. Transactions of the Philological Society 87. 179193.
Hayward, R. J. (1984). The Arbore language: a first investigation . Hamburg: Buske.
Hetzron, Robert (1972). Ethiopian Semitic: studies in classification. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Hoff, B. J. (1968). The Carib language: phonology, morphonology, morphology, texts and word index. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
Hoijer, Harry (1933). Tonkawa: an Indian language of Texas. In Boas, Franz & Hoijer, Harry (eds.) Handbook of American Indian languages 3. New York: J. J. Augustin. 1148.
Hoijer, Harry (1946). Tonkawa. In Hoijer, Harry, Bloomfield, L., Haas, M. R., Halpern, A. M., Li, F. K., Newman, S. S., Swadesh, M., Trager, G. L., Voegelin, C. F. & Whorf, B. L. (eds.) Linguistic structures of native America. New York: Viking Fund. 289311.
Howard, Irwin (1972). A directional theory of rule application in phonology. PhD dissertation, MIT.
Hudson, Grover (1980). Automatic alternations in nontransformational phonology. Lg 56. 94125.
Huehnergard, John (2005). A grammar of Akkadian. 2nd edn. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.
Hulst, Harry van der (1984). Syllable structure and stress in Dutch. Dordrecht: Foris.
Hume, Elizabeth & Johnson, Keith (eds.) (2001). The role of speech perception in phonology. San Diego: Academic Press.
Hyman, Larry M. (2001). The limits of phonetic determinism in phonology: *NC revisited. In Hume & Johnson (2001b). 141185.
Inkelas, Sharon (1995). The consequences of optimization for underspecification. NELS 25. 287302. Available as ROA-40 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
Itô, Junko (1986). Syllable theory in prosodic phonology. PhD dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Itô, Junko (1989). A prosodic theory of epenthesis. NLLT 7. 217259.
Ito, Junko & Mester, Armin (2003). Lexical and postlexical phonology in Optimality Theory: evidence from Japanese. Linguistische Berichte 11. 183207.
Itô, Junko, Mester, Armin & Padgett, Jaye (1995). Licensing and underspecification in Optimality Theory. LI 26. 571613.
Johnson, C. Douglas (1972). Formal aspects of phonological description. The Hague & Paris: Mouton.
Jun, Jongho (1995). Perceptual and articulatory factors in place assimilation: an optimality theoretic approach. PhD dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles. Available (June 2008) at http://ling.snu.ac.kr/jun/.
Jun, Jongho (1996). Place assimilation is not the result of gestural overlap: evidence from Korean and English. Phonology 13. 377407.
Jun, Jongho (2004). Place assimilation. In Hayes, Bruce, Kirchner, Robert & Steriade, Donca (eds.) Phonetically based phonology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 5886.
Kager, René, Pater, Joe & Zonneveld, Wim (eds.) (2004). Constraints in phonological acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kaneko, Ikuyu & Kawahara, Shigeto (2002). Positional faithfulness theory and the emergence of the unmarked: the case of Kagoshima Japanese. ICU English Studies 5. 1836.
Kenstowicz, Michael & Kisseberth, Charles (1977). Topics in phonological theory. New York: Academic Press.
Kim-Renaud, Young-Key (1986). Studies in Korean linguistics. Seoul: Hanshin.
Kiparsky, Paul (1973). ‘Elsewhere’ in phonology. In Anderson, Stephen & Kiparsky, Paul (eds.) A Festschrift for Morris Halle. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston. 93106.
Kiparsky, Paul (1985). Some consequences of Lexical Phonology. Phonology Yearbook 2. 85138.
Kiparsky, Paul (1993). Blocking in nonderived environments. In Hargus, Sharon & Kaisse, Ellen (eds.) Studies in lexical phonology. San Diego: Academic Press. 277313.
Kiparsky, Paul (2000). Opacity and cyclicity. The Linguistic Review 17. 351365.
Krämer, Martin (2003). What is wrong with the right side? Edge (a)symmetries in phonology and morphology. Ms, University of Ulster. Available as ROA-576 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
Kristoffersen, Gjert (2000). The phonology of Norwegian. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lahiri, Aditi & Evers, Vincent (1991). Palatalization and coronality. In Paradis & Prunet (1991). 79100.
Lamontagne, Greg & Rice, Keren (1995). A correspondence account of coalescence. In Beckman et al. (1995). 211223.
Lightner, Theodore (1972). Problems in the theory of phonology. Edmonton: Linguistic Research.
Lloret, Maria-Rosa (1995). The representation of glottals in Oromo. Phonology 12. 257280.
Lombardi, Linda (1998). Evidence for MaxFeature constraints from Japanese. University of Maryland Working Papers in Linguistics 7. Available as ROA-247 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
Lombardi, Linda (1999). Positional faithfulness and voicing assimilation in Optimality Theory. NLLT 17. 267302.
Lombardi, Linda (2001). Why Place and Voice are different: constraint-specific alternations in Optimality Theory. In Lombardi, Linda (ed.) Segmental phonology in Optimality Theory: constraints and representations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1345. Original version (1995) available as ROA-105 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
Lombardi, Linda (2002). Coronal epenthesis and markedness. Phonology 19. 219251. Earlier version (1997) in University of Maryland Working Papers in Linguistics 5. 156–175. Available as ROA-245 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
Lombardi, Linda (2003). Markedness and the typology of epenthetic vowels. Ms, University of Maryland. Available as ROA-578 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
McCarthy, John J. (1979). Formal problems in Semitic phonology and morphology. PhD dissertation, MIT.
McCarthy, John J. (1994a). On coronal ‘transparency’. Handout of paper presented to TREND, Santa Cruz. Available (June 2008) at http://people.umass.edu/jjmccart/coronal_transparency.pdf.
McCarthy, John J. (1994b). The phonetics and phonology of Semitic pharyngeals. In Keating, Patricia (ed.) Phonological structure and phonetic form: papers in laboratory phonology III. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 191233.
McCarthy, John J. (2000). Harmonic serialism and harmonic parallelism. NELS 30. 501524. Available as ROA-357 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
McCarthy, John J. (2002a). On targeted constraints and cluster simplification. Phonology 19. 273292.
McCarthy, John J. (2002b). A thematic guide to Optimality Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
McCarthy, John J. (2005). The length of stem-final vowels in Colloquial Arabic. In Alhawary, Mohammad & Benmamoun, Elabbas (eds.) Perspectives on Arabic Linguistics XVII–XVIII: Papers from the 17th and 18th Annual Symposia on Arabic Linguistics. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: Benjamins. 126.
McCarthy, John J. (2007a). Hidden generalizations: phonological opacity in Optimality Theory. London: Equinox.
McCarthy, John J. (2007b). Restraint of analysis. In Blaho, Sylvia, Bye, Patrik & Krämer, Martin (eds.) Freedom of analysis? Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 203231.
McCarthy, John J. (2007c). Slouching towards optimality: coda reduction in OT-CC. In Phonological Society of Japan (ed.) Phonological Studies 10. Tokyo: Kaitakusha. 89104. Available as ROA-878 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
McCarthy, John J. (forthcoming). The serial interaction of stress and syncope. NLLT. Available (June 2008) at http://people.umass.edu/jjmccart/metrically-conditioned-syncope.pdf.
McCarthy, John J. & Prince, Alan (1986). Prosodic morphology. Ms, University of Massachusetts, Amherst & Brandeis University.
McCarthy, John J. & Prince, Alan (1993). Prosodic Morphology: constraint interaction and satisfaction. Ms, University of Massachusetts, Amherst & Rutgers University. Available as ROA-482 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
McCarthy, John J. & Prince, Alan (1994). The emergence of the unmarked: optimality in prosodic morphology. NELS 24. 333379. Available as ROA-13 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
McCarthy, John J. & Prince, Alan (1995). Faithfulness and reduplicative identity. In Beckman et al. (1995). 249384.
McCarthy, John J. & Prince, Alan (1996). Prosodic morphology 1986. (Revised version of McCarthy & Prince 1986.) Ms, University of Massachusetts, Amherst & Brandeis University. Available (June 2008) at http://ruccs.rutgers.edu/pub/papers/pm86all.pdf.
McCarthy, John J. & Prince, Alan (1999). Faithfulness and identity in Prosodic Morphology. In Kager et al. (1999). 218309.
McCarthy, John J. & Taub, Alison (1992). Review of Paradis & Prunet (1991). Phonology 9. 363370.
Marantz, Alec (1982). Re reduplication. LI 13. 435482.
Mascaró, Joan (1976). Catalan phonology and the phonological cycle. PhD dissertation, MIT.
Mascaró, Joan (1987). A reduction and spreading theory of voicing and other sound effects. Ms, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.
Mascaró, Joan (1996). External allomorphy as Emergence of the Unmarked. In Durand, Jacques & Laks, Bernard (eds.) Current trends in phonology: models and methods. Salford: ESRI. 473483.
Mester, Armin (1990). Patterns of truncation. LI 21. 475485.
Mester, Armin (1994). The quantitative trochee in Latin. NLLT 12. 161.
Mitchell, T. F. (1956). An introduction to Egyptian colloquial Arabic. London: Oxford University Press.
Mohanan, K. P. (1993). Fields of attraction in phonology. In Goldsmith (1993b). 61116.
Moreton, Elliott (2000). Faithfulness and potential. Ms, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Moreton, Elliott (2004). Non-computable functions in Optimality Theory. In McCarthy, John (ed.) Optimality Theory in phonology: a reader. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell. 141163.
Odden, David (1991). Vowel geometry. Phonology 8. 261289.
Ohala, John J. (1990). The phonetics and phonology of aspects of assimilation. In Kingston, John & Beckman, Mary (eds.) Papers in laboratory phonology I: between the grammar and physics of speech. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 258275.
Ọla Orie, Ọlanikẹ & Bricker, R. Victoria (2000). Placeless and historical laryngeals in Yucatec Maya. IJAL 66. 283317.
Oostendorp, Marc van (1997). Vowel quality and phonological projection. PhD dissertation, Katholieke Universiteit Brabant.
Padgett, Jaye (1995). Partial class behavior and nasal place assimilation. In Suzuki, Keiichiro & Elzinga, Dirk (eds.) Proceedings of the 1995 Southwestern Workshop on Optimality Theory (SWOT). Tucson: Department of Linguistics, University of Arizona. 145183. Available as ROA-113 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
Paradis, Carole & Prunet, Jean-François (eds.) (1991). The special status of coronals: internal and external evidence. San Diego: Academic Press.
Parker, Steve (2001). Non-optimal onsets in Chamicuro: an inventory maximised in coda position. Phonology 18. 361386.
Pater, Joe (1999). Austronesian nasal substitution and other N effects. In Kager et al. (1999). 310343.
Pater, Joe (2003). Balantak metathesis and theories of possible repair in Optimality Theory. Ms, University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Available (June 2008) at http://people.umass.edu/pater/pater-balantak.pdf.
Piggott, Glyne L. (1991). Apocope and the licensing of empty-headed syllables. The Linguistic Review 8. 287318.
Piggott, Glyne L. (1999). At the right edge of words. The Linguistic Review 16. 143185.
Piggott, Glyne L. & Singh, Rajendra (1985). The phonology of epenthetic segments. Canadian Journal of Linguistics 30. 415451.
Poser, William J. (1982). Phonological representation and action-at-a-distance. In Hulst, Harry & Smith, Norval (eds.) The structure of phonological representations. Part 2. Dordrecht: Foris. 121158.
Poser, William J. (1984a). Hypocoristic formation in Japanese. WCCFL 3. 218229.
Poser, William J. (1984b). The phonetics and phonology of tone and intonation in Japanese. PhD dissertation, MIT.
Poser, William J. (1990). Evidence for foot structure in Japanese. Lg 66. 78105.
Prince, Alan (1983). Relating to the grid. LI 14. 19100.
Prince, Alan (1984). Phonology with tiers. In Aronoff, Mark & Oehrle, Richard (eds.) Language sound structure. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. 234244.
Prince, Alan (1990). Quantitative consequences of rhythmic organization. CLS 26:2. 355398.
Prince, Alan & Smolensky, Paul (1993). Optimality Theory: constraint interaction in generative grammar. Ms, Rutgers University & University of Colorado, Boulder. Published 2004, Malden, Mass. & Oxford: Blackwell.
Pruitt, Kathryn (2008). Locality in stress systems. Ms, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Reiss, Charles (2003). Deriving the feature-filling/feature-changing contrast: an application to Hungarian vowel harmony. LI 34. 199224.
Rice, Keren D. (1992). On deriving sonority: a structural account of sonority relationships. Phonology 9. 6199.
Rose, Sharon (1996). Variable laryngeals and vowel lowering. Phonology 13. 73117.
Rubach, Jerzy (1997). Extrasyllabic consonants in Polish: Derivational Optimality Theory. In Roca, Iggy (ed.) Derivations and constraints in phonology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 551581.
Samek-Lodovici, Vieri (1992). Universal constraints and morphological gemination: a crosslinguistic study. Ms, Brandeis University.
Samek-Lodovici, Vieri & Prince, Alan (1999). Optima. Ms, University College London & Rutgers University. Available as ROA-363 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
Samek-Lodovici, Vieri & Prince, Alan (2005). Fundamental properties of harmonic bounding. Ms, University College London & Rutgers University. Available as ROA-785 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
Sapir, J. David (1965). A grammar of Diola-Fogny. London: Cambridge University Press.
Scholz, Sybil (2003). The status of coronals in Standard American English: an optimality-theoretic account. PhD dissertation, University of Cologne. Available (June 2008) at http://kups.ub.uni-koeln.de/volltexte/2004/1294.
Selkirk, Elisabeth (1981). Epenthesis and degenerate syllables in Cairene Arabic. In Borer, Hagit & Aoun, Yosef (eds.) Theoretical issues in the grammar of Semitic languages. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT. 111140.
Sherer, Tim D. (1994). Prosodic phonotactics. PhD dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Shryock, Aaron (1993). Assimilation in Musey. Ms, University of California, Los Angeles.
Sim, Margaret G. (1985). Kambaata verb morphophonemics. Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere 2. 4463.
Sim, Margaret G. (1988). Palatalization and gemination in the Kambaata verb. Journal of Afroasiatic Languages 1. 5865.
Smith, Jennifer L. (2002). Phonological augmentation in prominent positions. PhD dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Stemberger, Joseph Paul (1993). Glottal transparency. Phonology 10. 107138.
Steriade, Donca (1987). Locality conditions and feature geometry. NELS 17. 595617.
Steriade, Donca (1995). Underspecification and markedness. In Goldsmith, John (ed.) Handbook of phonological theory. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell. 114174.
Steriade, Donca (1999a). Alternatives to syllable-based accounts of consonantal phonotactics. In Fujimura, Osamu, Joseph, Brian & Palek, Bohumil (eds.) Item order in language and speech. Prague: Karolinum. 205242.
Steriade, Donca (1999b). Phonetics in phonology: the case of laryngeal neutralization. UCLA Working Papers in Linguistics: Papers in Phonology 3. 25145.
Steriade, Donca (2001). Directional asymmetries in place assimilation: a perceptual account. In Hume & Johnson (2001b). 219250.
Steriade, Donca (forthcoming). The phonology of perceptibility effects: the P-map and its consequences for constraint organization. In Hanson, Kristin & Inkelas, Sharon (eds.) The nature of the word: studies in honor of Paul Kiparsky. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. Original version (2001) available (June 2008) at http://www.linguistics.ucla.edu/people/steriade/papers/P-map_for_phonology.doc.
Tranel, Bernard (1996a). Exceptionality in Optimality Theory and final consonants in French. In Zagona, Karen (ed.) Grammatical theory and Romance languages. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: Benjamins. 275291.
Tranel, Bernard (1996b). French liaison and elision revisited: a unified account within Optimality Theory. In Parodi, Claudia, Quicoli, Carlos, Saltarelli, Mario & Zubizarreta, María Luisa (eds.) Aspects of Romance linguistics. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press. 433455.
Tranel, Bernard (1998). Suppletion and OT: on the issue of the syntax/phonology interaction. WCCFL 16. 415429.
Trigo, Loren (1988). The phonological derivation and behavior of nasal glides. PhD dissertation, MIT. Available (June 2008) at http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/14408.
Uffmann, Christian (2007). Intrusive [r] and optimal epenthetic consonants. Language Sciences 29. 451476.
Vance, Timothy J. (1987). An introduction to Japanese phonology. Albany: State University of New York Press.
Vaux, Bert (1998). The laryngeal specifications of fricatives. LI 29. 497511.
Vaux, Bert (2002). Consonant epenthesis and the problem of unnatural phonology. Ms, Harvard University. Available (June 2008) at http://citeseer.ist.psu.edu/566563.html.
Walker, Rachel (1998). Nasalization, neutral segments, and opacity effects. PhD dissertation, University of California, Santa Cruz. Available as ROA-405 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive.
Webb, Charlotte (1982). A constraint on progressive consonantal assimilation. Linguistics 20. 309321.
Weijer, Jeroen van de (2002). An Optimality Theoretical analysis of the Dutch diminutive. In Broekhuis, Hans & Fikkert, Paula (eds.) Linguistics in the Netherlands 2002. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: Benjamins. 199209.
Wetzels, W. Leo & Mascaró, Joan (2001). The typology of voicing and devoicing. Lg 77. 207244.
Whitney, William Dwight (1889). A Sanskrit grammar. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Wilson, Colin (2000). Targeted constraints: an approach to contextual neutralization in Optimality Theory. PhD dissertation, Johns Hopkins University.
Wilson, Colin (2001). Consonant cluster neutralisation and targeted constraints. Phonology 18. 147197.
Wolf, Matthew (2008). Optimal interleaving: serial phonology-morphology interaction in a constraint-based model. PhD dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Wright, W. (1896). A grammar of the Arabic language, translated from the German of Caspari. 3rd edn, revised by W. Robertson Smith & M. J. de Goeje. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Yip, Moira (1991). Coronals, consonant clusters, and the coda condition. In Paradis & Prunet (1991). 6178.
Zoll, Cheryl (1998). Parsing below the segment in a constraint-based framework. Stanford: CSLI.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Phonology
  • ISSN: 0952-6757
  • EISSN: 1469-8188
  • URL: /core/journals/phonology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed