Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Neutral vowels in sound-symbolic vowel harmony in Korean*

  • Darrell Larsen (a1) and Jeffrey Heinz (a1)
Abstract

The set of neutral vowels in the vowel-harmony pattern found in Modern Korean sound-symbolic words is traditionally considered to consist of two members: [i] and [ɨ]. Some authors have tentatively put forward the hypothesis that [u] and [y] are also neutral. A corpus study on the phonotactics of Korean sound-symbolic vowel harmony provides quantitative support both for the traditional understanding of [i] and [ɨ] as neutral vowels and for the tentative hypothesis that [u] and [y] are also neutral. Additionally, the corpus study reveals that vowels are neutral to different degrees. The vowel [a] is shown to be partially neutral, but unlike the other neutral vowels which are transparent, [a] is partially opaque. The distribution of diphthongs is also studied.

Copyright
Footnotes
Hide All
*

We would like to thank the audiences at PLC 34, the University of Tokyo and the Phonology and Phonetics Lab Group at the University of Delaware. Additionally, we thank Bill Idsardi, Regine Lai, Andy Martin, James Rogers, the editors and an associate editor at Phonology, and three anonymous referees for their insightful comments on previous versions of this paper.

Footnotes
References
Hide All
Becker, Michael, Ketrez, Nihan & Nevins, Andrew (2011). The surfeit of the stimulus: analytic biases filter lexical statistics in Turkish laryngeal alternations. Lg 87. 84125.
Cho, Mi-Hui (1994). Vowel harmony in Korean: a grounded phonology approach. PhD dissertation, Indiana University.
Coleman, John & Pierrehumbert, Janet B. (1997). Stochastic phonological grammars and acceptability. In Coleman, John (ed.) Proceedings of the 3rd Meeting of the ACL Special Interest Group in Computational Phonology. Somerset, NJ : Association for Computational Linguistics. 4956.
Goldsmith, John & Riggle, Jason (2012). Information theoretic approaches to phonological structure: the case of Finnish vowel harmony. NLLT 30. 859896.
Hayes, Bruce & Londe, Zsuzsa Cziráky (2006). Stochastic phonological knowledge: the case of Hungarian vowel harmony. Phonology 23. 59104.
Hong, Sung-Hoon (2008). Variation and exceptions in the vowel harmony of Korean suffixes. The Journal of Studies in Language 24. 405428.
Hong, Sung-Hoon (2010). Gradient vowel cooccurrence restrictions in monomorphemic native Korean roots. Studies in Phonetics, Phonology and Morphology 16. 279295.
Karlsson, Fred (1999). Finnish: an essential grammar. 2nd edn.London & New York : Routledge.
Keenan, Edward L. (1976). Towards a universal definition of ‘subject’. In Li, Charles N. (ed.) Subject and topic. New York : Academic Press. 303333.
Kim-Renaud, Young-Key (1976). Semantic features in phonology: evidence from vowel harmony in Korean. CLS 12. 397412.
Ko, Seongyeon (2010). A contrastivist view on the evolution of the Korean vowel system. MIT Working Papers in Linguistics 61. 181196.
Kwak, Chung-Ku (2003). The vowel system of contemporary Korean and direction of change. [In Korean.] Kwukehak 41. 5991.
Lee, Jin-Seong (1992). Phonology and sound symbolism of Korean ideophones. PhD dissertation, Indiana University.
Lee, Sang-Oak (1984). An overview of issues in the vowel system and vowel harmony of Korean: disharmony among the hypotheses of vowel harmony. Ohak Yongu [Language Research] 20. 417451.
McCarthy, John J. (1983). Phonological features and morphological structure. In Richardson, John F., Marks, Mitchell & Chukerman, Amy (eds.) Papers from the parasession on the interplay of phonology, morphology, and syntax. Chicago : Chicago Linguistic Society. 135161.
Martin, Samuel E. (1992). A reference grammar of Korean: a complete guide to the grammar and history of the Korean language. Singapore : Tuttle.
Park, Sayhyon (1990). Vowel harmony in Korean. Ohak Yongu [Language Research] 26. 469499.
Pierrehumbert, Janet (1993). Dissimilarity in the Arabic verbal roots. NELS 23. 367381.
R Development Core Team (2012). R: a language and environment for statistical computing.Vienna: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Available at http://www.r-project.org.
Ringen, Catherine O. & Heinämäki, Orvokki (1999). Variation in Finnish vowel harmony: an OT account. NLLT 17. 303337.
Rounds, Carol (2001). Hungarian: an essential grammar. London & New York : Routledge.
Sohn, Ho-Min (1999). The Korean language. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
Sohn, Hyang-Sook (1986). Toward an integrated theory of morphophonology: vowel harmony in Korean. Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 16:2. 157184.
Vago, Robert M. (1974). Hungarian generative phonology. PhD dissertation, Harvard University.
Vago, Robert M. (1976). Theoretical implications of Hungarian vowel harmony. LI 7. 243263.
Yang, Byunggon (1992). An acoustical study of Korean monophthongs produced by male and female speakers. JASA 91. 22802283.
Yun, Yungdo (2004). Glides and high vowels in Korean syllables. PhD dissertation, University of Washington.
Zuraw, Kie (2000). Patterned exceptions in phonology. PhD dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Phonology
  • ISSN: 0952-6757
  • EISSN: 1469-8188
  • URL: /core/journals/phonology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 18
Total number of PDF views: 82 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 322 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 15th August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.