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The stress–weight interface in metre*

  • Kevin M. Ryan (a1)
Abstract

Metres are typically classified as being accentual (mapping stress, as in English) or quantitative (mapping weight, as in Sanskrit). This article treats the less well-studied typology of hybrid accentual-quantitative metres, which fall into two classes. In the first, stress and weight map independently onto the same metre, as attested in Latin and Old Norse. In the second, stress and weight interact, such that weight is regulated more strictly for stressed than unstressed syllables, as illustrated here by new analyses of Dravidian and Finno-Ugric metres. In both of these latter cases (as well as in Serbo-Croatian), strictness of weight-mapping is modulated gradiently by stress level.

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E-mail: kevinryan@fas.harvard.edu.
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*

I would like to thank Lev Blumenfeld, Dieter Gunkel, Bruce Hayes and Paul Kiparsky for their input on various stages of this project, as well as Ellen Kaisse, four anonymous referees and an associate editor for their helpful comments on the manuscript. This work also benefited from discussion at AMP 2016.

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Phonology
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