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Templates as the interaction of recursive word structure and prosodic well-formedness*

  • Peter Ara Guekguezian (a1)

Templatic morphology involves the appearance of a fixed shape on a morpheme in a specific morphological context. This paper makes two claims: the morphological context of a template is syntactically cyclic, resulting in recursive prosodic word structure, and the shape of a template results from prosodic well-formedness conditions on the internal prosodic word. Templatic morphology in Chukchansi Yokuts illustrates these claims: affixes that trigger templates transfer the root to the phonology before other material is transferred, so that the root forms a prosodic word which is internal to the whole word. Roots with one underlying vowel are augmented to meet a disyllabic minimality requirement on prosodic words; the resulting disyllable forms a light–heavy iamb, to optimally satisfy Chukchansi parsing requirements. Templatic morphology falls out from the predictable interaction of the syntax–phonology interface and general phonological properties of a language, and needs no special apparatus or diacritics.

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I would first and foremost like to thank my Chukchansi consultant, Holly Wyatt. Her knowledge of her mother tongue is formidable and her dedication to it inspiring. She has put up with years of my pesky linguistic inquiries with good humour, without which none of this paper would exist. My advisor, Karen Jesney, has provided feedback on every aspect of this paper from inception to completion, as well as constant encouragement and focus. Many other linguists gave input on different parts of this work, including Niken Adisasmito-Smith, Brian Agbayani, Chris Golston, Roumyana Pancheva, Rachel Walker and Maria Luisa Zubizarreta. I also acknowledge the valuable input on previous incarnations of parts of this analysis from audiences at the University of Southern California, AMP 2014, NELS 45, the 2016 LSA Annual Meeting and WAIL 19. Any errors in this work are completely my own.

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