Skip to main content

A Common Language of Gender?

  • Karen Beckwith (a1)

Is there a common language of gender in political science research? One might expect the answer to be no, given the wide range of ways in which scholars employ the concept of gender in empirical and theoretical research. I maintain, however, that a common language of gender does exist and that we must articulate it in explicit terms in order to advance the way we build knowledge in this field. In this contribution to “Critical Perspectives on Gender and Politics,” I suggest two ways in which to employ “gender” as part of a common language that the subfield can employ for the purposes of empirical political research: gender as a category and as a process.

Hide All


Beckwith, Karen. 2001. “Gender Frames and Collective Action: Configurations of Masculinity in the Pittston Coal Strike.” Politics & Society 29 (June): 295330.
Bose, Christine E., and Edna Acosta-Belén, eds. 1995. Women in the Latin American Development Process. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Brown, Alice, Tahyna Barnett Donaghy, and Fiona Mackay. 2002. “Women and Constitutional Change in Scotland and Northern Ireland.” In Women, Politics, and Change, ed. Karen Ross. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 7184.
Burack, Cynthia. 2004. Healing Identities: Black Feminist Thought and the Politics of Groups. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Carver, Terrell. 1996. Gender Is Not a Synonym for Women. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.
Caul, Miki. 1999. “Women's Representation in Parliament: The Role of Political Parties.” Party Politics 5 (1): 7998.
Chappell, Louise A. 2002. Gendering Government: Feminist Engagement with the State in Australia and Canada. Vancouver and Toronto: University of British Columbia Press.
Collins, Patricia Hill. 2004. Black Sexual Politics: African Americans, Gender, and the New Racism. New York: Routledge.
Craig, Maxine Leeds. 2002. Ain't I a Beauty Queen? Black Women, Beauty, and the Politics of Race. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
Darcy, R., Susan Welch, and Janet Clark. 1994. Women, Elections and Representation. 2d ed. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Dobrowolsky, Alexandra. 2003. “Shifting States: Women's Constitutional Organizing Across Time and Space.” In Women's Movements Facing the Reconfigured State, ed. Lee Ann Banaszak, Karen Beckwith, and Dieter Rucht. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 11440.
Dobrowolsky, Alexandra, and Vivien Hart, eds. 2003. Women Making Constitutions: New Politics and Comparative Perspectives. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Faue, Elizabeth. 1991. Community of Suffering and Struggle: Women, Men, and the Labor Movement in Minneapolis, 1915–1945. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Fausto-Sterling, Anne. 2005. “The Bare Bones of Sex: Part 1—Sex and Gender.” Signs 30 (Winter): 149127.
Gilkes, Cheryl. 2001. “If It Wasn't for the Women—”: Black Women's Experience and Womanist Culture in Church and Community. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books.
Guard, Julie. 2004. “Authenticity on the Line: Women Workers, Native ‘Scabs,’ and the Multi-ethnic Politics of Identity in a Left-Led Strike in Cold War Canada.” Journal of Women's History, 15 (Winter): 11740.
Harris-Lacewell, Melissa. 2003. “The Heart of the Politics of Race: Centering Black People in the Study of White Racial Attitudes.” Journal of Black Studies 34 (2): 22249.
Hawkesworth, Mary. 2003. “Congressional Enactments of Race-Gender: Toward a Theory of Raced-Gendered Institutions.” American Political Science Review 97 (4): 52950.
Kittilson, Miki Caul. 2001. “Political Parties and Candidate Gender Policies: A Cross-National Study.” Journal of Politics 64 (4): 121429.
Krauss, Wilma Rule. 1974. “Political Implications of Gender Roles: A Review of the Literature.” American Political Science Review 68 (4): 170623.
Kuehnast, Kathleen, and Carol Nechmias, eds. 2004. Post-Soviet Women Encountering Transition: Nation Building, Economic Survival, and Civic Activism. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Lovenduski, Joni. 1998. “Gendering Research in Political Science.” Annual Review of Politics 1: 33356.
Lovenduski, Joni, and Pippa Norris, eds. 1993. Gender and Party Politics. London and Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Matland, Richard E. 1998. “Women's Representation in National Legislatures: Developed and Developing Countries.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 23(1): 10925.
Matland, Richard E., and Kathleen A. Montgomery, eds. 2003. Women's Access to Political Power in Post-communist Europe. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
Matland, Richard E., and Donley T. Studlar. 1998. “Gender and the Electoral Opportunity Structure in the Canadian Provinces.” Political Research Quarterly 51 (1): 11740.
Murphy, Craig. 1996. “Seeing Women, Recognizing Gender, Recasting International Relations.” International Organization 50 (3): 51338.
Rai, Shirin, ed. 2003. Mainstreaming Gender, Democratizing the State? Institutional Mechanisms for the Advancement of Women. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press.
Randolph, Lewis A., and Gayle T. Tate. 2003. Rights for a Season: The Politics of Race, Class, and Gender in Richmond, Virginia. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.
Ross, Luana. 1998. Inventing the Savage: The Social Construction of Native American Criminality. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Smooth, Wendy. 2001. African American Women State Legislators: The Impact of Gender and Race on Legislative Influence. Ph.D. diss.: University of Maryland.
Studlar, Donley T., and Ian McAllister. 1998. “Candidate Gender and Voting in the 1997 British General Election: Did Labour Quotas Matter?Journal of Legislative Studies 4 (3): 7291.
Studlar, Donley T., and Ian McAllister. 2002. “Electoral Systems and Women's Representation: A Long-Term Perspective.” Representation 39 (1): 314.
Tate, Katherine. 2003. Black Faces in the Mirror: African Americans and Their Representatives in the U.S. Congress. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Tremblay, Manon, and Linda Trimble, eds. 2003. Women and Electoral Politics in Canada. Don Mills, Ont.: Oxford University Press.
Waylen, Georgina. 1994. “Women and Democratisation: Conceptualising Gender Relations in Transition Politics.” World Politics 46 (3): 32754.
Welch, Susan, and Donley T. Studlar. 1996. “The Opportunity Structure for Women's Candidacies and Electability in Britain and the United States.” Political Research Quarterly 49 (4): 86174.
Wilcox, Clyde. 1994. “Why Was 1992 the ‘Year of the Woman’? Explaining Women's Gains in 1992.” In The Year of the Woman: Myths and Realities, ed. Elizabeth Adell Cook, Sue Thomas, and Clyde Wilcox. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 124.
Young, Iris Marion. 1994. “Gender as Seriality: Thinking About Women as a Social Collective.” Signs 19 (Spring): 71238.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Politics & Gender
  • ISSN: 1743-923X
  • EISSN: 1743-9248
  • URL: /core/journals/politics-and-gender
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
Type Description Title

 PDF (244 KB)
244 KB


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed