Skip to main content
×
×
Home

In-between the Constitution and the European Court of Human Rights: Mobilizations Around Religion and Education in Greece

  • Margarita Markoviti (a1)
Abstract

This paper examines the impact of European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) decisions on the field of religion and education in Greece around the issues of the content and objectives of religious education, the exemption thereof, and religious symbols in school. The findings indicate that despite the relevance of ECtHR case law with the specific field in Greece, the Court's role in influencing such national debates is minimal. Drawing on empirical research and discourse analysis, the paper argues that this is due to the doctrine of the margin of appreciation, apparently linked to strategic references to and varying interpretations of the Court's judgments; the unwillingness of actors to litigate in a potentially sensitive, lengthy, and costly procedure; and to a shared belief in the perceived primacy of constitutional provisions on religion and education that precludes the formation of structured mobilizations.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Address correspondence and reprint requests to: M. Markoviti, Grassrootsmobilise, Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP), Vassilisis Sofias 49, Athens, 10676. E-mail: M.markoviti@eliamep.gr
Footnotes
Hide All

This work was supported by the FP7 Ideas: European Research Council under Grant 338463.

Footnotes
References
Hide All
Anagnostou, Dia, eds. 2013. The European Court of Human Rights: Implementing Strasbourg's Judgments on Domestic Policy. Great Britain: Edinburgh University Press.
Bjorge, Eirik. 2015. Domestic Application of the ECHR. Courts as Faithful Trustees. New York: Oxford University Press.
Christoffersen, Jonas. 2011. “Individual and Constitutional Justice: Can the Power Balance of Adjudication be Reversed”. In The European Court of Human Rights Between Law and Politics, eds. Christoffersen, Jonas and Madsen, Mikael Rask. Oxford: Oxford Scholarship Online, 181203.
Evans, Malcolm D. 2009. “The Freedom of Religion or Belief and the Freedom of Expression”. Religion and Human Rights 4: 197235.
Fokas, Effie. 2015a. “Banal, Benign or Pernicious? Religion and National Identity From the Perspective of Religious Minorities in Greece”. New Diversities 17(1): 4762.
Fokas, Effie. 2015b. “Directions in Religious Pluralism in Europe: Mobilizations in the Shadow of European Court of Human Rights Religious Freedom Jurisprudence”. Oxford Journal of Law and Religion 4(1): 5474.
Galanter, Marc. 1983. “The Radiating Effects of Courts”. In Empirical Theories About Courts, eds. Boyum, Keith O. and Mather, Lynn. New York: Longman, 117142.
Hermans, Chris A. M. 2003. Participatory Learning. Religious Education in a Globalizing Society. Leiden: Brill.
Hunter-Henin, Myriam. 2011. Law, Religious Freedoms and Education in Europe. Farnham: Ashgate.
Koopmans, Ruud. 1999. “Political. Opportunity. Structure. Some Splitting to Balance the Lumping”. Sociological Forum 14(1): 93105.
Koukounaras Liagkis, Marios. 2015. “Religious Education in Greece: A New Curriculum, an Old Issue”. British Journal of Religious Education 37(2): 153169.
Kyriazopoulos, Kyriakos N. 2001. “The “Prevailing Religion” in Greece: Its Meaning and Implications”. Journal of Church and State 43(3): 511538.
McCann, Michael. 2004. “Law and Social Movements”. In Blackwell Companion to Law and Society, ed. Sarat, Austin. Oxford: Blackwell, 506522.
McCann, Michael. 2006. “Law and Social Movements: Contemporary Perspectives”. Annual Review of Law and Social Science 2: 1738.
“Νέο Σχολείο: Οδηγός Εκπαιδευτικού στα Θρησκευτικά Δημοτικού-Γυμνασίου” [New School: Teacher's Guide for Religious Education in Primary School and Gymnasio]. 2014. Ministry of Education and Religions, Institute of Educational Policy. Revised edition, Athens: http://blogs.sch.gr/gkapetanak/files/2015/10/Οδηγός-Εκπαιδευτικού-στα-Θρησκευτικά-Δημοτικού-Γυμνασίου-10.12.2014.pdf (accessed January 3, 2018).
Olsen, Johan P. 2002. “The Many Faces of Europeanization”. Journal of Common Market Studies 40(5): 921952.
Pollis, Adamantia. 1992. “Greek National Identity: Religious Minorities, Rights and European Norms”. Journal of Modern Greek Studies 10(2): 171191.
Psychogiopoulou, Evangelia. 2010. “The European Court of Human Rights in Greece”. In The European Court of Human Rights and the Rights of Marginalised Individuals and Minorities in National Context, eds. Dia Anagnostou, and Evangelia Psychogiopoulou, . Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 115135.
“Toledo Guiding Principles on Teaching about Religions and Beliefs in Public Schools”. 2007: http://www.osce.org/odihr/29154 (accessed January 3, 2018).
Willert, Trine Stauning. 2014. New Voices in Greek Orthodox Thought. Untying the Bond Between Nation and Religion. Abingdon: Ashgate.
Yangazoglou, Stavros. 2011. “Τα καινοτομικά στοιχεία του Νέου ΠΣ στα Θρησκευτικά” [The New School and the Innovative Features of the Program of Study in Religious Education]: http://e-theologia.blogspot.gr/2011/10/blog-post_7251.html (accessed January 3, 2018).
Yangazoglou, S., Nevrokoplis, Athanasios, and Striligkas, Georgios, eds. 2013. Τα Θρησκευτικά στο Σύγχρονο Σχολείο. Ο Διάλογος και η Κριτική για το Νέο Πρόγραμμα Σπουδών στα Θρησκευτικά Δημοτικού και Γυμνασίου [Religious Education in the Modern School. Dialogue and Critique on the New Program of Study of Religion in Dimotiko and Gymnasio]. Athens: Armos.
Zambeta, Evie. 2003. Σχολείο και Θρησκεία [School and Religion]. Athens: Themelio.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Politics and Religion
  • ISSN: 1755-0483
  • EISSN: 1755-0491
  • URL: /core/journals/politics-and-religion
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed