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Sain Cymru: the role of the Welsh phonographic industry in the development of a Welsh language pop/rock/folk scene*

  • Roger Wallis and Krister Malm

One would expect to find a variety of views about a phenomenon which a minority of the 2.3 million inhabitants of Wales (around 500,000 people) value highly, but which a majority literally cannot understand. The role that the Welsh language should play is a controversial subject both within and outside those circles where it is spoken. Wales is one of the countries where the Celtic language has survived as a living language (the other Celtic areas are: Ireland and Scotland, where some Gaelic is spoken; Cornwall in southern England, where the language is dead; Britanny, in northern France, where Celtic just about lingers on). In the immediate post-World War II period, Welsh, it was predicted by many, would die out, with the language only surviving for a few decades in remote areas of North Wales. However, provisions in the 1944 Education Act were responsible for the beginnings of a movement in the reverse direction, and by the sixties, there was a revival of the language, mainly thanks to the activities of an ethnically orientated nationalist movement organised partly through a political party, Plaid Cymru, and partly through the Welsh Language Society, Cymdeithas Yr Iaith Gymraeg (see Williams 1977; Williams 1982, pp. 145–202; the chapter on Wales in Stephens 1976).

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Books and articles

BPI 1982. British Phonographic Industry Annual Report (London)
Rump, A. 1979. How We Treat Our Composers, stencilled report written for the Department of Education and Science, and the Council of Europe
Stephens, M. 1976. Linguistic Minorities in Western Europe (Cardiff)
Welsh Arts Council 1977. The Welsh Arts Council's Sponsorship of Recordings of Contemporary Welsh Music (Cardiff)
William, C. 1977. ‘Non violence and the development of the Wesh Language Society’, Welsh History Review, 8:4, pp. 426–55.
William, C. (ed.) 1982. National Separatism (Cardiff)
Wyn, H. 1981. ‘Alternative Eisteddfod’, Arcade, 7 08, pp. 7–9

Original recording dates are given where possible.

Ail, Symudiad. 1980. Whisgi a Soda, Sain SAIN 76
Ail, Symudiad. 1981. Geiriau Paradwys, FFLACH 002
Ail, Symudiad. 1981. Garej Paradwys, FFLACH 003 Boyce, Max. Max Boyce, EMI OU 2033
Boyce, Max. The World of Max Boyce, Cambrian (Decca reissue) PA 469
Clustiau, Cŵn. 1980. ‘Byw yn y Radio’, Sain SAIN 79S
Edward, H. Dafis. 1975. ‘Hen Ffordd Gymreig o Fyw’, Sain SAIN 1016M
Edward, H. Dafis. 1979. ‘Breuddwyd RocaRol’, Macym MACYM 3
Edwards, Trebor.1973. ‘Pererin Ŵyf’, Sain (EP) Tag 245E
Edwards, Trebor. 1976. Dyma fy Nghân, Sain (LP) SAIN 1048D
Emlyn, Endaf. 1981. Dawnsionara, Sain SAIN 1206M
Hogia'r, Wyddfa. 19691970. Caneova Gorav Hogia'r Wyddfa (Greatest Hits). Cyfrol 1, Sain 1029H, Cyfrol 2, Sain 1149H
Hogia'r, Wyddfa. ‘Gwanwyn’, Wren WSP 2004
Hogia'r, Wyddfa. ‘Tylluanod’, Wren WRE 1057
Hopkin, Mary. 1968. Cambrian (EP) GSP 703
Hopkin, Mary. The World of Mary Hopkin, Decca SPA 546
Hywel, Ffiaidd. 1980. ‘Gwneud Dim’ and ‘Cân i John Jenkins’, TCH 01
Iwan, Dafydd. 1967. ‘Cân yr ysgol’, oriental deleted, re-released on SAIN 1002
Iwan, Dafydd. 1968. ‘Carlo’, Sain SAIN 1108
Iwan, Dafydd. 1980. Magi Thatcher, Sain SAIN 86S–A
Jac a, WilC. 1963. Jac a Wil Sing, Teldisc TEP 829
'Pan, Ddaw'r Dydd, Sain SAIN 30E Jones, Heather. ‘Colli Iaith’, Gwallt yn y Gwynt, Sain SAIN 20E
Jones, Huw. 1973. ‘I Wish I Were an Englishman’, Sain SAIN 33E. Morriston Orpheus Choir. Land of my Fathers, EMI SRS 5062
Plethyn. 1980. ‘Golau Tan Gwmwl’, Sain SAIN 1188M Poems and Pints, EMIC EMC 3138
Myrddin, Rosalind a. 1978. Rosalind a Myrddin, Sain SAIN 1140
Aloma, Tony Ac, c. 1973. Cambrian SCLP 602 The Wolrd of Wales, Decca SPA 42
Williams, Iris. 1970. ‘Amazing Grace’, Cambrian CSP 7
Pelydrau, Y. 1967. Cambrian MCT 622
Piws, Y Tebot. 1970. Blaenau Ffestiniog, Sain SAIN 11
Piws, Y Tebot. 1972. ‘Dy'n ni ddim yn mynd i Firmingham’, from Gwalt yn y Gwynt, Sain SAIN 25E
Piws, Y Tebot. 1971. ‘Mae Rhgwun wedi Dwyn fy Nhrwyn’, from Gwalt yn y Gwynt, Sain SAIN 19E
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Popular Music
  • ISSN: 0261-1430
  • EISSN: 1474-0095
  • URL: /core/journals/popular-music
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