Arner P (1999) Microdialysis: use in human exercise studies. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 58, 913–917.
Bennet WM, Connacher AA, Scrimgeour CS, Jung RT & Rennie MJ (1990) L-[15N\Phenylalanine and L-[l-13C\leucine leg exchange and plasma kinetics during amino acid infusion and euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemia; evidence for stimulation of muscle and whole-body protein synthesis in man by insulin. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 49, 179A.
Bennet WM, O'Keefe SJD & Haymond MW (1993) Comparison of precursor pools with leucine, a-ketoisocaproate, and phenylalanine tracers used to measure splanchnic protein synthesis in man. Metabolism 42, 1–5.
Berthold HK, Crain PF, Gouni I, Reeds PJ & Klein PD (1995) Evidence for incorporation of intact dietary pyrimidine (but not purine) nucleosides into hepatic RNA. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 92, 10123–10127.
Biolo G, Chinkes D, Zhang XJ & Wolfe RR (1992) A new model to determine in vivo the relationship between amino acid transmembrane transport and protein kinetics in muscle. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 16, 305–315.
Boza JJ, Jahoor F & Reeds PJ (1996) Ribonucleic acid nucleotides in maternal and fetal tissues derive almost exclusively from synthesis de novo in pregnant mice. Journal of Nutrition 126, 1749–1758.
Calder AG, Anderson SE, Grant I, McNurlan MA & Garlick PJ (1993) The determination of low D5-phenylalanine enrichment (0.002–0.09 atom percent excess) after conversion to phenylethylamine in relation to protein turnover studies by gas-chromatography electron-ionisation mass-spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 6, 421–424.
Chien PFW, Smith K, Watt PW, Scrimgeour CM, Taylor DJ & Rennie MJ (1993) Protein-turnover in the human fetus studied at term using stable-isotope tracer amino-acids. American Journal of Physiology 265, E31–E35.
Cobelli C, Toffolo G, Bier DM & Nosaldini R (1987) Models to interpret kinetic data in stable isotope tracer studies. American Journal of Physiology 253, E551–E564.
Collins A, Venkatesan S, Garcia P, Pacy PJ & Halliday D (1992) Very low density lipoprotein apolipoproteins B-100 and E turnover in control subjects using L-[l-13C\leucine. Biochemical Society Transactions 20, 102S.
Corbett ME, Boyd EJS, Penston JG, Wormsley KG, Watt PW & Rennie MJ (1995) Pentagastrin increases pepsin-secretion without increasing its fractional synthetic rate. American Journal of Physiology 32, E418–E425.
Forbes GB (1987) Human Body Composition: Growth, Aging, Nutrition and Activity, 1st ed. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Hellerstein M, Hanley MB, Cesar D, Siler S, Papageorgopoulos C, Wieder E, Schmidt D, Hoh R, Neese R, Macallan D, Deeks S & McCune JM (1999) Directly measured kinetics of circulating T lymphocytes in normal and HIV-1-infected humans. Nature Medicine 5, 83–89.
Koletzko B, Sauerwald T & Demmelmair H (1997) Safety of stable isotope use. European Journal of Pediatrics 156, S12–S17.
McNurlan MA, Essén P, Heys SD, Buchan V, Garlick PJ & Wernerman J (1991) Measurement of protein synthesis in human skeletal muscle: further investigation of the flooding technique. Clinical Science 81, 557–564.
McNurlan MA & Garlick PJ (1980) Contribution of rat liver and gastrointestinal tract to whole-body protein synthesis in the rat. Biochemical Journal 186, 381–383.
Macdonald I (1999) Arterio–venous differences to study macronutrient metabolism: introduction and overview. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 58, 871–875.
Marway JS, Anderson GJ, Miell JP, Ross R, Grimble GK, Bonner AB, Gibbons WA, Peters TJ & Preedy VR (1996) Application of proton NMR-spectroscopy to measurement of whole-body RNA degradation rates – effects of surgical stress in human patients. Clinica Chimica Acta 252, 123–135.
Matthews DE, Bier DM, Rennie MJ, Edwards RH, Halliday D, Millward DJ & Clugston GA (1981) Regulation of leucine metabolism in man: a stable isotope study. Science 214, 1129–1131.
Matthews DE, Conway JM, Young VR & Bier DM (1981) Glycine nitrogen metabolism in man. Metabolism 30, 886–893.
Meier-Augenstein W (1997) The chromatographic side of isotope ratio mass spectrometry – Pitfalls and answers. LC–GC Magazine of Separation Science 15, 244–256.
Nakshabendi IM, Obeidat W, Russell RI, Downie S, Smith K & Rennie MJ (1995) Gut mucosal protein synthesis measured using intravenous and intragastric delivery of stable tracer amino acids. American Journal of Physiology 269, E996–E999.
Perez JF & Reeds PJ (1998) A new stable isotope method enables the simultaneous measurement of nucleic acid and protein synthesis in vivo in mice. Journal of Nutrition 128, 1562–1569.
Rennie MJ, Meier-Augenstein W, Watt PW, Patel A, Begley IS & Scrimgeour CM (1996) Use of continuous-flow combustion MS in studies of human metabolism. Biochemical Society Transactions 24, 927–932.
Rennie MJ, Smith K, Watt PW, Barua JM & Bennet WM (1992) Methods of assessment of muscle protein turnover and their application to problems in clinical nutrition. Rivista Italiana di Nutrizione Parenterale et Enterale 20, 63–71.
Scrimgeour CM, Gibson JNA, Downie S & Rennie MJ (1993) Collagen synthesis in human bone using stable-isotope-labelled alanine and proline. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 52, 258A.
Smith K, Barua JM, Scrimgeour CM & Rennie MJ (1992a) Flooding with L-[1-13C\leucine stimulates human muscle protein incorporation of continuously infused L-[1-13C\valine. American Journal of Physiology 262, E372–E376.
Smith K, Downie SB, Watt PW, Rickhuss PK, Barua JM, Scrimgeour CM & Rennie MJ (1992b) Increased incorporation of [13C\valine into plasma albumin as a result of a flooding dose of leucine in man. Clinical Nutrition 11, 77 Abstr.
Smith K, Essén P, McNurlan M, Rennie MJ, Garlick PJ & Wernerman J (1992c) A multi-tracer investigation of the effect of a flooding dose administered during the constant infusion of tracer amino acid on the rate of tracer incorporation into human muscle protein. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 51, 109A.
Smith K & Rennie MJ (1990) Protein turnover and amino acid metabolism in human skeletal muscle. In Ballière's Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism: Muscle Metabolism, pp. 461–498 [Harris JB and Turnbull DM, editors.] London: Ballière Tindall.
Smith K, Reynolds N, Downie S, Patel A & Rennie MJ (1998) Effects of flooding amino acids on incorporation of labeled amino acids into human muscle protein. American Journal of Physiology 38, E73–E78.
Thomas AG, Miller V, Taylor F, Maycock P, Scrimgeour CM & Rennie MJ (1992) Whole body protein turnover in childhood Crohn's disease. Gut 33, 675–677.
Turnlund JR (1991) Bioavailability of dietary minerals to humans – the stable isotope approach. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 30, 387–396.
Turnlund JR, Michel MC, Keyes WR, King JC & Margen S (1982) Use of enriched stable isotopes to determine zinc and iron absorption in elderly men. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 35, 1033–1040.
Waterlow JC (1984) Protein turnover with special reference to man. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Physiology 69, 409–438.
Watt PW, Corbett ME & Rennie MJ (1992) Stimulation of protein synthesis in pig skeletal muscle by infusion of amino acids during constant insulin availability. American Journal of Physiology 263, 453–460.
Watt PW, Lindsay Y, Scrimgeour CM, Chien PA, Gibson JN, Taylor DJ & Rennie MJ (1991) Isolation of aminoacyl-tRNA and its labeling with stable-isotope tracers: Use in studies of human tissue protein synthesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 88, 5892–5896.
Westerterp KR (1999) Body composition, water turnover and energy turnover assessment with labelled water: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 58, 945–951.
Wolfe RR (1992) Radioactive and Stable-isotope Tracers in Biomedicine: Principles and Practice of Kinetic Analysis.New York: Wiley-Liss Inc.
Yarasheski KE, Smith K, Rennie MJ & Bier DM (1992) Measurement of muscle protein fractional synthetic rate by capillary gas-chromatography combustion isotope ratio mass-spectrometry. Biological Mass Spectrometry 21, 486–490.
Zhang XJ, Chinkes DL, Sakurai Y & Wolfe RR (1996) An isotopic method for measurement of muscle protein fractional breakdown rate in vivo. American Journal of Physiology 270, E759–E767.