Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 23
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Cruz, Alice Buss Pitz, Heloísa da Silva Veber, Bruno Bini, Larissa Alida Maraschin, Marcelo and Zeni, Ana Lúcia Bertarello 2016. Assessment of bioactive metabolites and hypolipidemic effect of polyphenolic-rich red cabbage extract. Pharmaceutical Biology, p. 1.

    Durham, J. Touger-Decker, R. Nixdorf, D. R. Rigassio-Radler, D. and Moynihan, P. 2015. Oro-facial pain and nutrition: a forgotten relationship?. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, Vol. 42, Issue. 1, p. 75.

    Iwasaki, Masanori Moynihan, Paula Manz, Michael C Taylor, George W Yoshihara, Akihiro Muramatsu, Kanako Watanabe, Reiko and Miyazaki, Hideo 2013. Dietary antioxidants and periodontal disease in community-based older Japanese: a 2-year follow-up study. Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 16, Issue. 02, p. 330.

    Hu, Xiaoke and Xu, Zhimin 2011. Fruit and Cereal Bioactives.

    Ribeiro, Sônia Machado Rocha and Schieber, Andreas 2010. Bioactive Foods in Promoting Health.

    Sindhu, Edakkadath R. Firdous, Alikkunjhi P. Preethi, Korengath C. and Kuttan, Ramadasan 2010. Carotenoid lutein protects rats from paracetamol-, carbon tetrachloride- and ethanol-induced hepatic damage. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Vol. 62, Issue. 8, p. 1054.

    Ozturk, Feral Gul, Mehmet Ates, Burhan Ozturk, I. Cetin Cetin, Asli Vardi, Nigar Otlu, Ali and Yilmaz, Ismet 2009. Protective effect of apricot ( Prunus armeniaca L.) on hepatic steatosis and damage induced by carbon tetrachloride in Wistar rats. British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 102, Issue. 12, p. 1767.

    Ko, Jeong-Hyeon Lee, Sei-Jung and Lim, Kye-Taek 2007. Hypolipidemic effect and antioxidant activity of glycoprotein isolated fromUlmus davidiana Nakai in Triton WR-1339-treated mouse. Cell Biochemistry and Function, Vol. 25, Issue. 5, p. 495.

    Thurnham, David I. 2007. Macular zeaxanthins and lutein – a review of dietary sources and bioavailability and some relationships with macular pigment optical density and age-related macular disease. Nutrition Research Reviews, Vol. 20, Issue. 02, p. 163.

    Minhajuddin, Mohammad Beg, Zafarul H. and Iqbal, Jahangir 2005. Hypolipidemic and antioxidant properties of tocotrienol rich fraction isolated from rice bran oil in experimentally induced hyperlipidemic rats. Food and Chemical Toxicology, Vol. 43, Issue. 5, p. 747.

    Klassen, Petra Biesalski, Hans K Mazariegos, Manolo Solomons, Noel W and Fürst, Peter 2004. Classic dengue fever affects levels of circulating antioxidants. Nutrition, Vol. 20, Issue. 6, p. 542.

    Thurnham, David I. 2004. An overview of interactions between micronutrients and of micronutrients with drugs, genes and immune mechanisms. Nutrition Research Reviews, Vol. 17, Issue. 02, p. 211.

    van der Horst-Graat, Judith M. Kok, Frans J. and Schouten, Evert G. 2004. Plasma carotenoid concentrations in relation to acute respiratory infections in elderly people. British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 92, Issue. 01, p. 113.

    Jamroz, Dorota Jakobsen, Kirsten Wertelecki, Tomasz and Jensen, Søren Krogh 2002. Utilization of Dietary β-Carotene and Retinol Acetate by Goslings and Young Geese. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section A — Animal Science, Vol. 52, Issue. 3, p. 150.

    Lyons, Nicole M and O'Brien, Nora M 2002. Modulatory effects of an algal extract containing astaxanthin on UVA-irradiated cells in culture. Journal of Dermatological Science, Vol. 30, Issue. 1, p. 73.

    Jewell, Victoria C. Northrop-Clewes, Christine A. Tubman, Richard and Thurnham, David I. 2001. Nutritional factors and visual function in premature infants. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, Vol. 60, Issue. 02, p. 171.

    Surai, P. F. Speake, B. K. and Sparks, N. H. C. 2001. Carotenoids in Avian Nutrition and Embryonic Development. 1. Absorption, Availability and Levels in Plasma and Egg Yolk. The Journal of Poultry Science, Vol. 38, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    Martin, K.R. Wu, D. and Meydani, M. 2000. The effect of carotenoids on the expression of cell surface adhesion molecules and binding of monocytes to human aortic endothelial cells. Atherosclerosis, Vol. 150, Issue. 2, p. 265.

    Oliver, Jordi and Palou, Andreu 2000. Chromatographic determination of carotenoids in foods. Journal of Chromatography A, Vol. 881, Issue. 1-2, p. 543.

    O'Connor, Irene and O'Brien, Nora 1998. Modulation of UVA light-induced oxidative stress by β-carotene, lutein and astaxanthin in cultured fibroblasts. Journal of Dermatological Science, Vol. 16, Issue. 3, p. 226.


Carotenoids: functions and fallacies

  • David I. Thurnham (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 February 2007
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Carotenoids: functions and fallacies
      Available formats
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Carotenoids: functions and fallacies
      Available formats
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Carotenoids: functions and fallacies
      Available formats
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

J. G. Bieri , E. D. Brown & J. C. Smith Jr (1985). Determination of individual carotenoids in human plasma by high performance chromatography. Journal of Liquid Chromatography 8, 473484.

G. W. Burton & K. U. Ingold (1984). β-carotene: an unusual type of lipid antioxidant. Science 224, 569573.

J. E. Connett , L. H. Kuller , M. O. Kjelsberg , B. F. Polk , G. Collins , A. Rider & S. B. Hulley (1989). Relationship between carotenoids and cancer. The multiple risk factor intervention trial (MRFIT) study. Cancer 64, 126134.

R. V. Cooney , J. S. Bertram , J. H. Hankin , L. N. Kolonel , A. Miyake , K. Billings & W. Bourne (1991). Relationship between dietary, serum, and tissue levels of carotenoids. Cancer Letters 61, 8187.

H. Esterbauer , M. Dieber-Rotheneder , G. Waeg , G. Striegl & G. Jurgens (1990). Biochemical, structural and functional properties of oxidised low-density lipoprotein. Chemical Research in Toxicology 3, 7792.

C. S. Foote & R. W. Denny (1968). Chemistry of singlet oxygen. VII. Quenching by β-carotene. Journal of American Chemical Society 90, 62336235.

E. R. Greenberg , J. A. Baron , T. A. Stukel , M. M. Stevens , J. S. Mandel , S. K. Spencer , P. M. Elias , N. Lowe , D. W. Nierenberg , G. Bayrd , J. Corwin Vance , D. H. Freeman Jr., W. E. Clendenning , T. Kwan & Skin Cancer Prevention Group (1990). A clinical trial of beta carotene to prevent basal-cell and squamous-cell cancers of the skin. New England Journal of Medicine 323, 789795.

C. H. Hennekens (1986). Micronutrients and cancer prevention. New England Journal of Medicine 315, 12881289.

M. K. Horwitt , C. C. Harvey , C. H. Dahm & M. T. Searcy (1972). Relationship between tocopherol and serum lipid levels for the determination of nutritional adequacy. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 203, 223236.

I. Jialal & S. M. Grundy (1991). Preservation of the endogenous antioxidants in low density lipoprotein by ascorbate but not probucol during oxidative modification. Journal of Clinical Investigation 87, 597601.

M. M. Mathews-Roth , M. A. Pathak , T. B. Fitzpatrick , L. C. Harber & E. H. Kass (1977). Beta-carotene therapy for erythropoietic protoporphyria and other photosensitive diseases. Archives of Dermatology 113, 12291232.

M. M. Mathews-Roth , T. Wilson , E. Fujimore & N. I. Krinsky (1974). Carotenoid chromophore length and protection against photosensitization. Photochemistry and Photobiology 19, 217222.

R. Peto , R. Doll , J. D. Buckley & M. B. Sporn (1981). Can dietary beta-carotene materially reduce human cancer rates? Nature 290, 201208.

H. M. G. Princen , G. Van Poppel , C. Vogelezang , R. Buytenhek & F. J. Kok (1992). Supplementation with vitamin E but not β-carotene in vivo protects low density lipoprotein from lipid peroxidation in vitro. Effect of cigarette smoking. Arteriosclerosis and Thrombosis 12, 554562.

J. Regnstrom , J. Nilsson , P. Tornvall , C. Landou & A. Hamsten (1992). Susceptibility to low-density lipoprotein oxidation and coronary atherosclerosis in man. Lancet 339, 11831186.

H. F. Stich , M. P. Rosin , A. P. Hornby , B. Mathew , R. Sankaranarayanan & M. Krishnan Nair (1988). Remission of oral leukoplakias and micronuclei in tobacco/betel quid chewers treated with beta-carotene and with beta-carotene plus vitamin A. International Journal of Cancer 42, 195199.

H. F. Stich , W. Stich , M. P. Rosin & M. O. Vallejera (1984). Use of the micronucleus test to monitor the effect of vitamin A, beta-carotene and canthaxanthin on the buccal mucosa of betel nut/tobacco chewers. International Journal of Cancer 34, 745750.

J. Terao (1989). Antioxidant activity of β-carotene-related carotenoids in solution. Lipids 24, 659661.

V. W. van Hinsbergh , M. Scheffer , L. Havekas & H. J. Kempen (1986). Role of endothelial cells and their products in the modification of low density lipoprotein. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 878, 4964.

X.-D. Wang , G.-W. Tang , J. G. Fox , N. I. Krinsky & R. M. Russell (1991). Enzymic conversion of β-carotene in β-apocarotenals and retinoids by human, monkey, ferret, and rat tissues. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 285, 816.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
  • ISSN: 0029-6651
  • EISSN: 1475-2719
  • URL: /core/journals/proceedings-of-the-nutrition-society
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *