2 Christiansen, E, Garby, L & Sørensen, TIA (2005) Quantitative analysis of the energy requirements for development of obesity. J Theor Biol 234, 99–106.
3 Heitmann, BL & Garby, L (2002) Composition (lean and fat tissue) of weight changes in adult Danes. Am J Clin Nutr 75, 840–847.
4 Spiegelman, BM & Flier, JS (2001) Obesity and the regulation of energy balance. Cell 104, 531–543.
5 Franz, MJ, Van Wormer, JJ, Crain, AL et al. (2007) Weight-loss outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of weight-loss clinical trials with a minimum 1-year follow-up. J Am Diet Assoc 107, 1755–1767.
6 Pasquet, P & Apfelbaum, M (1994) Recovery of initial body weight and composition after long-term massive overfeeding in men. Am J Clin Nutr 60, 861–863.
7 Bouchard, C, Tremblay, A, Després, JP et al. (1996) Overfeeding in identical twins: 5-year postoverfeeding results. Metabolism 45, 1042–1050.
8 Olsen, RH, Krogh-Madsen, R, Thomsen, C et al. (2008) Metabolic response to reduced daily steps in healthy nonexercising men. JAMA 299, 1261–1263.
9 Colditz, GA, Willett, WC, Stampfer, MJ et al. (1990) Patterns of weight change and their relation to diet in a cohort of healthy women. Am J Clin Nutr 51, 1100–1105.
10 Lissner, L & Heitmann, BL (1995) Dietary fat and obesity: evidence from epidemiology. Eur J Clin Nutr 49, 79–90.
11 Kroke, A, Liese, AD, Schulz, M et al. (2002) Recent weight changes and weight cycling as predictors of subsequent two year weight change in a middle-aged cohort. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26, 403–409.
12 Fogelholm, M & Kukkonen-Harjula, K (2000) Does physical activity prevent weight gain – a systematic review. Obes Rev 1, 95–111.
13 Bak, H, Petersen, L & Sørensen, TIA (2004) Physical activity in relation to development and maintenance of obesity in men with and without juvenile onset obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28, 99–104.
14 Petersen, L, Schnohr, P & Sørensen, TIA (2004) Longitudinal study of the long-term relation between physical activity and obesity in adults. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28, 105–112.
15 Wareham, NJ, van Sluijs, EM & Ekelund, U (2005) Physical activity and obesity prevention: a review of the current evidence. Proc Nutr Soc 64, 229–247.
16 Mortensen, LH, Siegler, IC, Barefoot, JC et al. (2006) Prospective associations between sedentary lifestyle and BMI in midlife. Obesity (Silver Spring) 14, 1462–1471.
17 Ravussin, E, Lillioja, S, Knowler, WC et al. (1988) Reduced rate of energy expenditure as a risk factor for body-weight gain. N Engl J Med 318, 467–472.
18 Prentice, A, Black, A, Coward, W et al. (1996) Energy expenditure in overweight and obese adults in affluent societies: an analysis of 319 doubly-labelled water measurements. Eur J Clin Nutr 50, 93–97.
19 Christiansen, E, Swann, A & Sørensen, TIA (2008) Feedback models allowing estimation of thresholds for self-promoting body weight gain. J Theor Biol 254, 731–736.
20 Clemént, K & Sørensen, TIA (editors) (2007) Obesity: Genomics and Postgenomics. New York: Informa Health Care.
21 O'Rahilly, S & Farooqi, IS (2008) Human obesity: A heritable neurobehavioral disorder which is highly sensitive to environmental conditions. Diabetes 57, 2905–2910.
22 Frayling, TM, Timpson, NJ, Weedon, MN et al. (2007) A common variant in the FTO gene is associated with body mass index and predisposes to childhood and adult obesity. Science 316, 889–894.
23 Loos, RJ, Lindgren, CM, Li, S et al. (2008) Common variants near MC4R are associated with fat mass, weight and risk of obesity. Nat Genet 40, 768–775.
24 Groop, L & Lyssenko, V (2008) Genes and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Curr Diab Rep 8, 192–197.
25 Gerken, T, Girard, CA, Tung, YC et al. (2007) The obesity-associated FTO gene encodes a 2-oxoglutarate-dependent nucleic acid demethylase. Science 318, 1469–1472.
26 McCarroll, SA & Altschuler, DM (2007) Copy-number variation and association studies of human disease. Nat Genet 39, S37–S42.
27 Mattick, JS & Makunin, IV (2006) Non-coding RNA. Hum Mol Genet 15, R17–R29.
28 Schack-Nielsen, L (2008) Early life obesity risk factors: An epidemiological study of maternal gestational weight gain, birth weight, breastfeeding and complementary feeding in relation to obesity. PhD Thesis, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
29 Gluckman, PD, Hanson, MA, Cooper, C et al. (2008) Effects of in utero and early-life conditions on adult health and disease. N Engl J Med 359, 61–73.
30 Hattersley, AT & Tooke, JE (1999) The fetal insulin hypothesis: an alternative explanation of the association of low birthweight with diabetes and vascular disease. Lancet 353, 1789–1792.
31 Carnell, S & Wardle, J (2008) Appetite and adiposity in 0children: evidence for a behavioral susceptibility theory of obesity. Am J Clin Nutr 88, 22–29.
32 Wardle, J, Carnell, S, Haworth, CM et al. (2008) Obesity-associated genetic variation in FTO is associated with diminished satiety. J Clin Endocrinol Metab (Epublication ahead of print version).
33 Worre-Jensen, AL, Heitmann, BL, Kyvik, KO et al. (2008) Genetic influence on dietary intake in twin studies. J Nutr (In the Press).
34 Egger, G & Swinburn, B (1997) An ‘ecological’ approach to the obesity pandemic. Br Med J 315, 477–480.
35 James, WP (2008) The fundamental drivers of the obesity epidemic. Obes Rev 9, Suppl. 1, 6–13.
36 Schäfe Elinder, L & Jansson, M (2008) Obesogenic environments aspects on measurement and indicators. Public Health Nutr (Epublication ahead of print version).
37 Prentice, AM & Jebb, SA (1995) Obesity in Britain: gluttony or sloth? Br Med J 311, 437–439.
38 World Health Organization (2000) Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic. WHO Technical Report Series no. 894. Geneva: WHO.
39 Hill, JO, Wyatt, GW, Reed, GW et al. (2003) Obesity and the environment: Where do we go from here? Science 299, 853–855.
40 Giskes, K, Kamphuis, CB, van Lenthe, FJ et al. (2007) A systematic review of associations between environmental factors, energy and fat intakes among adults: is there evidence for environments that encourage obesogenic dietary intakes? Public Health Nutr 10, 1005–1017.
41 Keith, SW, Redden, DT, Katzmarzyk, PT et al. (2006) Putative contributors to the secular increase in obesity: exploring the roads less travelled. Int J Obes (Lond) 30, 1585–1594.
42 Westerterp, KR & Speakman, JR (2008) Physical activity energy expenditure has not declined since the 1980s and matches energy expenditures of wild mammals. Int J Obes (Lond) 32, 1256–1263.
43 Sonne-Holm, S & Sørensen, TIA (1977) Post-war course of the prevalence of extreme overweight among Danish young men. J Chron Dis 30, 351–358.
44 Christensen, U, Sonne-Holm, S & Sørensen, TIA (1981) Constant median body mass index of Danish young men, 1943–1977. Hum Biol 53, 403–410.
45 Sørensen, TIA (1988) Obesity in the Scandinavian countries: Prevalence and developmental trends. Acta Med Scand Suppl 723, 11–16.
46 Sørensen, TIA & Sonne-Holm, S (1988) Risk in childhood of development of severe adult obesity: retrospective, population-based case-cohort study. Am J Epidemiol 127, 104–113.
47 Sørensen, TIA & Price, RA (1990) Secular trends in body mass index among Danish young men. Int J Obesity (Lond) 14, 411–419.
48 Price, RA, Ness, R & Sørensen, TIA (1991) Changes in commingled body mass index distributions associated with secular trends in overweight among Danish young men. Am J Epidemiol 133, 501–510.
49 Sørensen, HT, Sabroe, S, Gillman, M et al. (1997) Continued increase in prevalence of obesity in Danish young men. Int J Obesity (Lond) 21, 712–714.
50 Sørensen, HT, Sabroe, S, Gillman, M et al. (1997) Birth weight and length as predictors for body mass index and height in young adult life: cohort study. Br Med J 315, 1137.
51 Thomsen, BL, Ekstrøm, CT & Sørensen, TIA (1999) Development of the obesity epidemic in Denmark: Cohort, time and age effects among boys born 1930–75. Int J Obesity (Lond) 23, 693–701.
52 Rugholm, S, Olsen, LW, Baker, JL et al. (2005) Stability of the association between birth weight and childhood overweight during the development of the obesity epidemic. Obes Res 13, 2187–2194.
53 Olsen, LW, Baker, JL, Holst, C et al. (2006) Birth cohort effect on the obesity epidemic in Denmark. Epidemiology 17, 292–295.
54 Schack-Nielsen, L, Mølgaard, C, Sørensen, TIA et al. (2006) Secular change in size at birth from 1973 to 2003: National Data from Denmark. Obesity 14, 1257–1263.
55 Bua, J, Olsen, LW & Sørensen, TIA (2007) Secular trends in childhood obesity in Denmark during 50 years in relation to economic growth. Obesity 15, 977–985.
56 Olds, TS & Harten, NR (2001) One hundred years of growth: the evolution of height, mass, and body composition in Australian children, 1899–1999. Hum Biol 73, 727–738.